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Past Major International Catastrophes

Updated: 4 May 2003 

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World Bank Disaster Management Facility.

The mission of the World Bank is to reduce poverty and improve living standards through sustainable growth and investment in people, and the agency believes that to do this, disaster prevention and mitigation must become integral parts of development planning. Thus, on July 13, 1998, the World Bank created a Disaster Management Facility (DMF) to provide operation support, promote capacity building, and establish partnerships with both the international and scientific communities to work on disaster issues. Contact: Alcira Kreimer, Disaster Management Facility, World Bank, Room F4K-282, 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20433; (202) 473-3205; Fax (202) 522-3224; Email: akreimer@worldbank.org or Margaret Arnold; (202) 473-1378  Email: marnold@worldbank.org

 

Click on "Fiji" to get Country Information

Type of Incident: Tropical Cyclone Ami

Location: Eastern tip of the country's second largest island, Vanua Levu, and the Natewa
Peninsula and Taveuni, Fiji's third largest island, before crossing the Koro Sea just west of the small islands of the Lau Group. 

Date and Time: Tuesday 14 January 2003

Situation: (OCHA):  Tropical Cyclone AMI struck Northern and Eastern Divisions of Fiji on Tuesday 14 January, causing an estimated USD 30 million worth of damage; twice the loss inflicted by the last major cyclone, GAVIN in 1998.  It is now 10 years since Cyclone KINA, which caused three times the damage The cyclone impacted most heavily on the eastern end of Vanua Levu in Northern Division, comprising Macuata Province in the Northeast and Cakaudrove Province, including the islands of Rabi, Taveuni, and Qamea in the Southeast. A total of 71,492 people, or 45 per cent of the population of the two Divisions, have received assistance, mainly food rations.  The Government has emphasised that all assistance was provided impartially on the basis of the assessed need alone, and not according to any ethnic or other distinction.  In Macuatu Province, 69 per cent of the rations were provided to Indo-Fijian communities, 30 per cent to indigenous Fijians, and 1per cent to others whereas the population breakdown is 64.4 per cent Indo-Fijian, 24.1 per cent indigenous Fijian, and 11.5 per cent from other races.  Aside from food, the Government, Red Cross, NGOs, and donor countries also supplied large numbers of tarpaulins, water containers, and household items.  Background: Cyclone AMI was a Category 1/2 storm.  It reached peak intensity as it passed over the Koro Sea, with winds of 150 km/hr close to its centre, and momentary gusts of 200 km/hr.  The cyclone also caused heavy rain and flooding of coastal areas due to storm surge.  t

Government of Fiji (GOF): The Government has adopted a multi-agency approach to its Cyclone AMI
Rehabilitation Programme, with the Ministries of Agriculture, Education, Health, Regional Development, Works and the RFMF acting in coordination, under the direction of the National Disaster Controller, who is the Permanent Secretary for Regional Development.  During the course of the programme this Ministry will undertake a mid-term review, and will also present a final report to the Cabinet in 12 months' time.


International Response:  OCHA is prepared to serve as channel for cash contributions to be used
for immediate relief assistance, in coordination/consultation with relevant organizations in the United Nations system. For banking details please contact the Desk Officers at: Telephone: +41-22-917 12 34
Fax: +41-22-917 00 23 Email: ochagva@un.org  OCHA provides donors with written confirmation and pertinent details concerning the utilization of the funds contributed. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies has compiled an appeal for international assistance for CHF 820,000 (USD 552,000), to support relief and recovery for more than 30,000 people on Vanua Levu, Taveuni and throughout the Lau Group.  The funds will be channelled through the Fiji Red Cross Society, which will concentrate on providing potable water, non-food items, shelter and reconstruction materials for community facilities such as schools. International donors have received the formal request for assistance from the Government of Fiji, but are still awaiting detailed information on the worst affected locations and the most critical sectors, where there may still be significant unmet needs.  Donors have agreed not to provide food sourced from overseas, to guard against imported pests and to maintain local diets. This situation report, together with further information on this and other ongoing emergencies, is also available on the OCHA Internet Website at http://www.reliefweb.int 

 

Click on "Solomon Islands" to get Country Information

Type of Incident: Cyclone Zoe, Category 5 tropical storm

Location: Temotu Province of the Solomon Islands

Date and Time:  28-30 December 2002.

Situation: (OCHA):  On Tikopia island, more than 200 houses, about two-thirds of the total, were completely destroyed or severely damaged. Five churches and two schools were destroyed or sustained major damage. Agricultural productivity has been completely wiped out by the strong winds and flooding as well as serious erosion of the topsoil layer. Food production will not begin to recover for 4-6 months and may take
years.  Although starvation is not possible whilst the NDMO can continue to find donors to provide food relief, the population of both islands has gone from being entirely self-sufficient to entirely dependent on external aid. There is little topsoil and undergrowth left in at least two village areas, no tree cover to give shade from the sun, and people have no options for rebuilding their homes and livelihoods or for relocating. The living conditions for over half the families on Tikopia are sub-standard and their needs are probably greater now than in January.

Government of SOI:  A successful assessment mission was conducted to Tikopia and Anuta over
2-12 January.  This mission was mounted on two separate vessels causing some coordination complications, but it did bring together the varied expertise of many agencies including the Red Cross, key NGOs, the UN, and a donor, and they were able to gather much valuable information.  A detailed technical assessment of the agricultural sector was conducted on24-25 January 2003. A total of 5 vessels have now been dispatched to the islands with technical assistance, relief items and reconstruction materials provided
largely by donors, the Red Cross, and NGOs. 

International Response:  Offers of assistance in cash and kind have also been received from the Governments of Fiji, Germany, PNG, UK, Vanuatu, and the European Union. UNDP, UNFPA, WHO, and the regional organisations, the Pacific Islands Forum and SOPAC, have all offered to assist with the recovery, pending receipt of the findings of the assessment team. OCHA is in contact with the NDMO and EMA, through the OCHA Office of the Regional Disaster Response Advisor for the Pacific. The UNDAC team leader posted in Honiara will revert with further information. This situation report, together with further information on this and other ongoing emergencies, is also available on the OCHA Internet Website at http://www.reliefweb.int 

 

Click on "Vanuatu" to get Country Information

Type of Incident: Heavy rain with hail.

Location: Southern Tanna Island; from Ipeukel on the Southeast Coast to Green Point in the South. Tanna is one of three main islands in Tafea, the southernmost province of Vanuatu.

Date and Time: 21 to 24 December 2002

Situation: (OCHA):  According to reports from the NDMO, the rain and hail caused a number of large landslides and flash-flooding along many of the creeks and rivers, damaging farmland around Imaki and Isiai villages, the areas west of Whitesand and around Port Resolution.  The majority of roads in these
areas were blocked and some bridges were washed away, reducing access by vehicle and even by foot.  Port Resolution is still cut off.  Telephone lines were also cut and many villages now lack communications; from
Ipeukel to Imaki the telecommunications network is completely destroyed.

Government of Vanuatu (GOV):  Tafea Provincial Government and the NDMO deployed a damage and needs assessment team to the affected areas on Saturday 28 December 2002 to enable the authorities to prioritise the population's immediate reliefneeds, and to prepare a longer-term recovery plan by end-January 2003. The Government of Vanuatu is currently preparing a response plan that will be finalised when the assessment report has been received and analysed.  Donor partners have been alerted by the NDMO, and are awaiting specific requests to support the national response. 

International Response: The only international assistance requested and received so far was for a
helicopter, provided by the Government of France from New Caledonia, to conduct aerial reconnaissance of the affected areas. The office of the OCHA Regional Disaster Response Adviser is in contact with the NDMO in Vanuatu and will revert with further information as it becomes available. This situation report, together with further information on this and other ongoing emergencies, is also available on the OCHA Internet Website at http://www.reliefweb.int 

 

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El Nino Alert: (March 2002) The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and other meteorological agencies have warned that the El Niño phenomenon will affect the Central America region between April and September of this year (2002), causing a severe drought.  The rain season in Central America begins in April and ends in October. According to the World Food Program (WFP) 700,000 Central Americans will face a famine if these countries are affected by El Niño.  Experts hold very little hope of avoiding the phenomenon and only its magnitude and consequences are still unknown. The arrival of El Niño will endanger the entire basic grains crops and local authorities have alerted producers to wait for a green flag before they do any sowing. El Niño has affected the global system for many years. The last time that El Niño brought major changes for global weather and climate was in 1997-1998. While other countries in South America suffered flooding, the Central America region was severely affected by a drought, causing huge crop losses and jeopardized food security for thousands of peasants and small grain producers. 

 

Click on "Mexico" to get Country Information

Type of Incident: Earthquake

Location: An earthquake with a magnitude of 7.8 on the Richter Scale hit Mexico: epicentre was 18.89 South and 103.88 (Source: United States Geological Survey). States affected are Colima (the city of Colima situated some 500 km west of the capital, Mexico) and Jalisco. The earthquake was also felt in the states of Puebla, Tlaxcala and Mexico City.

Date and Time:  22 January 2003 02:06 (GMT) 

Situation: (OCHA):  The latest toll from the earthquake that hit western and central Mexico late Tuesday, Jan. 21, is 29 dead, 300 injured and some 30,000 homeless or with heavily damaged homes.

Government of GOM:  The Government of Mexico declared a state of emergency in five municipalities in the state of Colima, (Villa de Alvarez, Coquimatlan, Armeria, Tecoman and Colima), enabling the authorities to immediately release resources from the Fund for Natural Disasters (FONDEN), in order
to meet basic needs of the affected population.  Four temporary shelters have been set up by the Secretaria de la Defensa Nacional in La Yerbabuena.  Three temporary shelters are run by the Colima State government: two in Zacoalpa and one in the city of Colima.  Two teams from the Dirección General de Protrección Civil and the Centro Nacional de Prevencion de Desastres (CENAPRED) are conducting damage assessment.

International Response:   Not Requested. This situation report, together with further information on this and other ongoing emergencies, is also available on the OCHA Internet Website at http://www.reliefweb.int  Call the Church World Service HOTLINE for additional updates: (800) 297-1516.

 

 

Click on "Albania" to get Country Information

Type of Incident: Floods

Location:  The worst affected areas are Lezha and Shkoder in the North-West. Gjirokaster and Berat in the South-Western part of the country have also been heavily affected.  All of these prefectures have at least temporarily been cut off from electricity and water supply.

Date and Time: 21-26 September 2002  

Situation: (OCHA): After eight days (September 21 - September 29) of heavy rainfalls and resulting floods, the overall situation is improving (even though weather forecasts predict more rains in the North). The worst affected regions remain Lezhe and Shkoder in the Northwest. In Lezhe, schools are still closed. Some drainage systems were operating at a limited level even before the floods, and damaged dikes and an increased number of buildings in floodplains have contributed to the extent of damage. Currently central
Government teams are carrying out more damage assessments; results are expected within this week. There remains a concern about the safety of drinking water, especially in Lezhe prefecture. Even though clean up and repair works are progressing and main national roads have been cleared of debris and mud, several
villages can still not be accessed by road. Electricity supply remains sporadic in rural areas.  Latest figures from prefectures speak of 16,721 flooded private houses.  Out of these 262 are heavily damaged, i.e., no
longer usable, and 3,429 have experienced medium-level damage, i.e., can be put back to use. 9,700 people had to be at least temporarily evacuated from their homes and 45 people were rescued. 3,295 people remain in temporary shelter (mostly with relatives)  at this point in time with 2,500 in Lezhe alone. Overall
the number of families affected and requiring assistance is estimated at 16,721, including those whose houses have been lightly damaged.  No casualties or missing persons are reported.

Government of Albania (GOA): The Albanian Government appeals for food items such as oil, rice, pasta, sugar and flour;  and portable beds, mattresses, bed sheets, clothing, blankets and detergents. The State of Natural Disaster is still active in seven prefectures. The Albanian RC has distributed 5,690 blankets, 54 tons of wheat flour, 15 tons of conserves, 5 tons of sugar, 4 tons of vegetable oil, 10,000 pieces of soap, and 3 tons of detergent to victims. State Reserves have distributed 23,851 loaves of bread to affected cities and 316 tons of other food supplies. High-pressure cleaners, water and mud pumps, portable dryers and electric generators are needed for clean up operations. A detailed list is available upon request. Contact point is the Director of Planning and Coordination in the Ministry of Local Government: Mr. Bujar Kapllani
Ministry of Local Government and Decentralization
Tel/Fax: (355-4) 233 542
E-Mail: Ercarmen@yahoo.com 

International Response: A request for international assistance has been made by the Government. For coordination purposes, donors are requested to inform OCHA Geneva, as indicated below, on relief missions/pledges/contributions and their corresponding values by item. OCHA is in close contact with the Office of the UN Resident Coordinator in Albania and will revert with further information, as it becomes available. This situation report, together with further information on ongoing emergencies, is also available on the OCHA Internet Website at http://www.reliefweb.int  In case of emergency only: Tel. +41-22-917 20 10

 

 

Click on "Czech Republic" to get Country Information

Type of Incident: Floods

Location: Southern Bohemia and other areas in the north-west of the Czech Republic 

Date and Time:  12- 13 August 2002 and Continuing

Situation: (OCHA):  The overall situation following the 12 and 13 August floods in the Czech Republic has continued to stabilize. (ACT) The Czech Republic continues to struggle against the aftermath of the
devastating floods that have been affecting the region for weeks, leaving deep scars on the country's infrastructure. The affected population of Czech Republic is slowly recovering while continuing joint endeavours to accommodate the homeless and serve the most vulnerable categories of population. Through this revision of EUCS-21 Appeal, the joint ACT operation in Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary will gain additional support from ACT members The Evangelical Church of Czech Brethren (ECCB) and the
Czechoslovak Hussite Church (CCSH).

Government of Czech Republic: (ACT) The operations (first phase of the disaster) carried out by the army, firemen and other units of the Integrated Rescue System were effective and viewed positively by the majority of the population.  A total of 3,810 members of the Fire Rescue System, 12,530 voluntary and
professional fire fighters, and 7,854 soldiers and policemen were involved in the emergency response operations.  Also the level of communication and information to the inhabitants was good - this was one of the main reasons the death toll was not much higher. As the crises operations continue with removal of debris, the cleaning and drying processes it is obvious that the need is far beyond that which the
local and governmental authorities are able to provide.  The assistance of humanitarian organisations is needed urgently.  (OCHA)The Government has issued requests for both material and financial assistance and has requested OCHA to inform the international community that the bank account opened to assist victims of the emergency is with Ceska narodni banka (Czech National Bank), cislo uctu (account number) 9025-001/0710, Variabilni symbol 2002, Konstantni symbol 379 for cash payments and 558 for non-cash payments (e.g. bank tranfers).  Financial contributions will be invested into shelter repair, obtaining dryers and other humanitarian assistance. Rescue operations are coordinated by the Ministry of Interior of the Czech Republic and interested contributors are encouraged to direct their offers of assistance to the Czech authorities at the below contact: Ministry of Interior General Directorate of the Fire and Rescue Service of the Czech Republic Fax: 420-2-61424035; 420-2-24232321 E-mail: rhzs.opis@grh.izscr.cz 

International Assistance:  OCHA is in close contact with the Permanent Mission of the Czech Republic in Geneva and will revert with further information, as it becomes available.  OCHA Website at http://www.reliefweb.int   In case of emergency only: Tel. +41-22-917 20 10  ACT: ACT members in responding to the most immediate needs of flood-affected population, ACT International will release Rapid Response Funds for its members in the Czech Republic and Romania. ACT Appeals Officer, Leila Dzaferovic (phone +41 22 791 6710 or mobile phone +41 79 757 9206)

 

Click on "Tajikistan" to get Country Information

Type of Incident: Flash floods and Landslides

Location: Roshtqala District in Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province

Date and Time:  7 August 2002 and Continuing

Situation: (OCHA): On 7 August a flash flood struck the village of Dasht close to the administrative centre of the Roshtqala District in Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province.  The Prime Minister of Nepal chaired a coordination meeting on the evening of 8 August with all the organizations and government departments involved in the relief effort. The overall number of deaths was reported at 24, revised from the initial report of 28 casualties. However the infrastructural damage and destruction reported previously by the Ministry of Emergency Situations was confirmed.  501 persons are currently displaced to neighbouring villages.  Local authorities believe that the capacity to host them will not last beyond 2-3 days, as the communities in the area are extremely poor. Emergency shelter support will continue to be required until reconstruction efforts can get underway.

Government of Tajikistan: The Prime Minister was joined today by President Rakhmonov who flew out
to Khorog to assess the conduct of the relief effort. Teams are continuing work at the site of the disaster and a decision has been taken not to recover the bodies of those buried under the mudslide due to the complexity of such activity with the resources available.

International Response: The Humanitarian Coordinator and OCHA are expected to visit the site of
the disaster on Monday.  OCHA has approved an emergency cash grant of US$34,400 (US$ 24,400 from OCHA emergency fund and US$ 10,000 from a Norwegian contribution) based on a detailed list of needs submitted by the UN RC's Office in Tajikistan. These funds will be used by OCHA-Tajikistan for the immediate local procurement of tents and related shelter items. WFP is distributing a one-month food aid ration (wheat flour, oil, sugar and salt) to 501 persons affected by the disaster using food stocks from its Khorog warehouse. The USAID office in Almaty has committed itself to provide US$50,000 worth of assistance both in kind (mainly emergency shelter and related items) as well as cash assistance to support relief efforts.  The donation will be channeled through the Agha Khan Foundation office in Dushanbe. OCHA is prepared to serve as channel for cash contributions to be used for immediate relief assistance, ico-ordination/consultation with relevant organizations in the United Nations system. http://www.reliefweb.int 

 

 

Click on "Central America" to get El Salvadore Information 

Type of Incident: Dengue Fever

Location: El Salvadore and Honduras

Date and Time:  14 to 20 July 2002 and Continuing

Situation: (OCHA): According to the Pan American Health Organization (WHO/PAHO), the risk
of contracting a clinical form of dengue is increasing in Central America, particularly in El Salvador and Honduras. In El Salvador, during the period from 14 to 20 July 2002, the risk was 5.4 times greater than
compared to the same period last year. In Honduras, comparing data for the period from 7 to 13 July 2002 against the data for the same period in 2001, it is estimated that the risk is 3.58 times higher.
www.paho.org/english/ped/dengue_Epidemic.htm  Dengue is a mosquito-borne infection, found in tropical and sub-tropical regions around the world, predominantly in urban and semi-urban areas. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there may be 50 million cases of dengue infection worldwide every year. For further information, please refer to the website, www.who.int/inf-fs/en/fact117.html 

Government of El Salvadore: In view of an increasing number of cases of dengue fever, along with
the detection of a new strain in the department of Usulutan, the Government of El Salvador extended the state of emergency, previously covering four departments, to cover the entire territory on 26 July. As of
1 August, 9 people have died this year, according to the health authorities.

Government of Honduras: Honduras also declared national emergency on 15 July due to the dengue
epidemic. According to the Comision Permanente de Contingencias (COPECO),
as of 31 July, the number of deaths is 12 (www.copeco.hn). Three of the 28 national hospitals, of which two in Tegucigalpa and one in San Pedro Sula, are providing medical care for cases of dengue 24 hours a day.

International Assistance: El Salvador: The health authorities updated an appeal to the international community for the amount of approx. USD 1.5 million.  It includes public awareness campaign 'Casa Limpia,' medical care for dengue patients, epidemiological and entomological surveillance and the
establishment of national technical teams. Honduras: The health authorities communicated the needs for the
dengue epidemiology, amounting to USD 4.6 million. It includes equipment for, fumigation, insecticides, public awareness campaign and monitoring. www.paho.org/disasters 

 

 

Click on "Nepal" to get Country Information

Type of Incident: Flash floods and Landslides

Location: Chitwan, Dhanusha, Makawanpur, Saptari, Mahottari, Syangja, and Kavre districts in Nepal

Date and Time:  14 July 2002 and Continuing

Situation: (OCHA/ACT):  Torrential and persistent monsoon rains over the last week of July and early August in central Nepal have caused significant damage and loss of life. According to the reports received from Nepal Red Cross Society District Chapters & Ministry of Home Affaire, the recent floods and landslides have affected approximately 301,046 persons and 49,249 families in 49 districts of the kingdom.  The Nepal Red Cross Society has provided relief materials to approximately 61,224 persons of 9,419 families in more than 43 districts.  In certain central districts, the intensity of rainfall has exceeded records; in the plains district of Sarlahi one day's rainfall volume exceeded 200 millimetres, the heaviest recorded in the
past 200 years Though flood damage was very localised in the western Districts, related seasonal problems have also caused localised suffering.  The high level of insecurity arising from the Maoist insurgency and security operations, the recent resettlement of former bonded labourers (Kamaiyas) whose first farming season has just commenced, together with the lack of farm work during the monsoon seasons has meant severe shortages in certain remote parts of Kailali District.

Government of Nepal: The Ministry of Roads and Transport has mobilized manpower to clear the highways.

International Response: The Office of the UN Resident Coordinator (UNRC) in Kathmandu is in
contact with the Ministry of Home Affairs as well as the Nepal Red Cross Society.  OCHA is in close contact with the Office of the UNRC. Three sectoral working groups of the United Nations (Food and
Agriculture, Health and Logistics) held joint meetings on 30 July, 2 August and 12 August in the UN Emergency Operations Centre. The UN convened a meeting on disaster preparedness gathering the concerned ministries and the international community on 2 August. The next joint sectoral working group is scheduled to take place on 19 August.  http://www.reliefweb.int 

 

 

Click on "Guam" to get Island Information

Type of Incident: Tropical Storm CHATA'AN

See: FEMA.gov and www.pdc.org for details and updates.

 

Click on "Peru" to get Country Information

Type of Incident: Snow Storms and Extreme Cold

Location: Departments of Puno, Cusco, Moquegua, Huancavelica, Arequipa, Apurimac, Tacna and Ayacucho, Peru

Date and Time:  2 July and Continuing.

Situation: (OCHA)According to OCHA, about 60 persons reportedly died and over 86,000 persons have been affected in Peru due to the freezing temperatures. 200 houses were destroyed and over 20,700 houses damaged, while about 17,700 hectares of crops were affected or destroyed. Among the main needs, shelter, roofing materials, food, health care, seeds, fertilizer have been  identified.  (ACT) There were heavy snowfalls and temperatures to minus 20 degrees.  The most affected are the very poor rural peasants living in isolated and remote areas in the mountains. It is also estimated that 17,896 hectares of crops have been totally destroyed and that the loss of livestock is more than 50%. 

Government of Peru(GOP): INDECI continues to provide relief to the affected areas with the
support of all the agencies that are part of the Civil Defense System.  www.indeci.gob.pe(ACT)The Peruvian government has declared a thirty-day emergency in eight departments of the southern Andean region (Ayacucho, Arequipa, Apurimac, Huancavelica, Cusco, Tacna, Moquegua y Puno).  Due to the remote location of most of the affected areas and limited government presence, the Civil Defense has had to airlift relief aid into the communities. Recognizing that the impact of this severe weather has exceeded their own emergency response capacities, the Peruvian government has requested humanitarian assistance from within Peru and from abroad.  Their top priorities include medicines for the treatment of bronchial illnesses and materials for shelters and roofs.  They have also requested feed, medicines, and vitamins for the livestock and quinoa and potato seeds for the upcoming planting season (August- October). The weather situation is
not improving and is making communication difficult.

International Assistance: The Ministry of Foreign Affairs convened an information meeting on 16 July, with the participation of representatives from governments, international organizations, non-governmental organizations, where the Head of INDECI presented the situation and requirements. The following bank accounts of the Banco de la Nacion were indicated for cash contributions: Saving Account No. 0000-246840 (currency: Nuevo Sol) Saving Account No. 6000-020952 (currency: US Dollars).  OCHA is prepared to serve as a channel for cash contributions to be used for immediate relief assistance, in coordination with relevant organizations in the United Nations system. For banking details, please
contact the desk officers indicated below. OCHA provides donor governments with written confirmation and pertinent details concerning the utilization of the funds contributed. Desk Officers:
  Mr. Erik Haegglund direct Tel. +41-22-917 32 99
  Mr. Ricardo Mena direct Tel. +41-22-917 14 55
  Ms. Masayo Kondo direct Tel. +41-22-917 19 97
http://www.reliefweb.int

 

 

Click on "FSM " to get Country Information

Type of Incident: Tropical Storm CHATA'AN

Location:  Chuuk (Formerly Truk)

Date and Time: July 1 and 2, 2002

Situation (July 5): (OCHA): Tropical Storm CHATA'AN (the Chamorro word for 'rainy') with maximum sustained winds estimated at 112 km/h hit Chuuk State (formerly known as Truk), one of the four States that make up the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) in the Western Pacific. The State consists of 7 major island groups lying in the Eastern Caroline Islands (5 - 8 degrees North and 148 - 153 degrees East), about 1000 km southeast of Guam and 2800 km east of the Philippines.  Its total land area is 118 sq. km and its population is 65,000. The high winds caused heavy seas and broke power lines and the
communications links between islands.  The heavy rain flooded many of the islands in Chuuk Lagoon, particularly Weno, the state capital, Dublon, Fefan, Udot, and Uman.  On the afternoon of Tuesday 2 July, the persistent rainfall caused a series of mudslides on Weno and other islands, that destroyed about 50 houses and damaged many more.  According to the FSM Red Cross, the death-toll from the landslides
across Chuuk State is 40, including four women who were rescued alive but were dead on arrival in hospital, and two US military personnel.  So far the Government has confirmed 20 deaths, but this is expected to rise as reports come in from remote villages and islands.  Between 70 and 100 persons were injured and evacuated to the state hospital. Locals are still digging through the debris as more people are unaccounted for; up to 10 according to press reports.  The rescue effort is made more hazardous and difficult by the poor drainage of the site, where there is still up to one metre of water. According to a media report on 4 July, survivors are in dire need of food, water and medical supplies. Many of the seriously injured are unable to receive the medical treatment they need. Telephone and radio communications, aviation links, power and water supplies, where available in the affected islands, were cut by the typhoon.  However, the power station is now functioning again, and aircraft have resumed flights into Chuuk.  Although there are sufficient immediate food stocks in homes and local stores, the typhoon also damaged food crops, infrastructure and private property including fishing boats, posing longer-term problems for the inhabitants of the atoll. See:
FEMA.gov and www.pdc.org for details and updates.

GOFM: The Government of FSM has requested international assistance. Chuuk State Governor, Dr. Ansito Walter, has declared a state of emergency, and appealed for federal and international assistance. The
Federal Government met in Pohnpei, the capital, on Thursday 4 July.  The National Disaster Committee endorsed the declaration of a disaster and issued a general appeal for international assistance. On the same day the government despatched the deputy National Disaster Management Officer (NDMO) to Chuuk to coordinate the national response.

International Response: The FSM Government has requested urgent assistance from the US Government, particularly for medical expertise and supplies, and for assessment.  OCHA has not received reports of international assistance provided so far. OCHA has alerted the UNDAC Team in the Pacific and will be dispatching a small assessment team.  It remains in contact with the relevant government authorities in the Federated States of Micronesia through the OCHA Regional Disaster Response Advisor for the Pacific in Suva, Fiji, and will revert with further information, if and when available. In case of emergency only: Tel. +41-22-917 20 10

 

Click on "Afganistan " to get Country Information

INCIDENT: An earthquake of magnitude 5.8

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: 04:00:26 UTC at 35.88N 69.25E and at a depth of 33km. This point is approximately 150 kilometers north of Kabul in Nahrin district, Baghlan province.

SITUATION: Aid agencies on Monday stepped up emergency relief work for the latest victims of an earthquake in northern Afghanistan, which killed at least 50 people and injured another 150 on Friday. Rebecca Richards, spokeswoman for the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA),
told IRIN from the Afghan capital, Kabul, that most of those killed were children. The quake, measuring 5.8 on the Richter scale, hit several villages in Nahrin district of the northern Baghlan Province.
http://www.hic.org.pk   

GOVERNMENT OF AFGHANISTAN: A coordination center has been established by UNAMA in Nahrin to provide coordination and communication support to the relief effort. Assistance provided today has been limited to emergency medical services and a small number of tents.

INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE:  Currently, the following organizations are present on the ground:
ACTED, FOCUS, SCA, CONCERN, Omar International, HuMedica International, Iranian Red Crescent and UNAMA. From the AIA side, the Deputy Governor of Baghlan province, Governor of Nahrin District and several other local authorities and Defense Ministry commanders are present at the disaster site.  OCHA is prepared to serve as a channel for cash contributions to be used for immediate relief assistance, in coordination with relevent organizations in the United Nations system. OCHA provides donor governments with written confirmation and pertinent details concerning the utilization of the funds contributed. http://www.reliefweb.int 

 

Click on "Afganistan " to get Country Information

INCIDENT: Series of Earthquakes, the strongest measuring 6.0 on the Richter Scale.  Maps relating to the sites of the two earthquakes can be found on the Website of the Afghanistan Information Management Service (AIMS) at http://www.hic.org.pk  Two tremors
hit the area today with an intensity of 5.4 and 4.4 on the Richter Scale (03-27-02).

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: 25-26 March 2002

SITUATION: The epicenter of the earthquake was in Nahrin district, Baghlan province, in the Hindu Kush region of Afghanistan. Damage was reported to the north, south and in the center of Nahrin.             (1 April IRIN) - Despite continuing tremors in the earthquake area of Nahrin in the northern Afghan province of Baghlan, further damage has been minimal, a UN official in the Afghan capital, Kabul told IRIN on Monday. "There were tremors over the weekend and the last one was on Saturday," spokeswoman for the UN Office of the Coordinator for Afghanistan, Stephanie Bunker said. Meanwhile, efforts to provide up to 23,000 families affected by the quake with food aid were going well, a WFP official told IRIN on Monday. "Within four days we have reached 60,000 people following the immediate deployment of resources," WFP spokesman in Nahrin, Aljandro Lopez Chicheri said. The death toll, following the quake on 25 March which hit 6.1 on the Richter scale, is estimated at 800, according to the UN. However, other reports suggest a much higher number running into the hundreds. Donors are being advised that relief supplies are needed to replenish the ear-marked stocks that agencies and organizations have diverted to the earthquake zone.

GOVERNMENT OF AFGANISTAN: A second emergency planning meeting was convened in Kabul, Wednesday, 27 March, at 1700hrs local time. The Afghanistan Interim Authority (AIA) planning figure is 20,000 families and 15,000 tents have been distributed or are en route. A shortfall remains of 5000 tents. 100, 000 blankets have been distributed or are en route but shortfall remains of 60,000 blankets. A major shortfall in mattresses has been identified. Only 800 have been made available which currently leaves a shortfall of 99,200. Another priority is water management and distribution. Food distribution systems appear to be in place and medical emergency teams in Nahrin seem to be no longer required. Any new medical teams will be deployed to Puli Khumri for purposes of emergency referral.

INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE: As a result of the coordinated approach and cooperation among the
Afghan authorities, donors, UN agencies and NGOs in responding to the earthquake, the urgent needs of the affected population have been met, mostly by in-country stocks.  Action by Churches Together (ACT) member Diakonie Emergency Aid (DEA) is preparing to re-direct relief goods such as clothes and food to the earthquake area. ACT Director, Thor-Arne Prois (phone ++41 22 791 6032 or mobile phone ++ 41 79 203 6055) or ACT Appeals Officer, Mieke Weeda (phone ++41 22 791 6035 or mobile phone ++ 41 79 285 2916)

DONATIONS:  OCHA is prepared to serve as a channel for cash contributions to be used for immidiate relief assisstance, in coordination with relavent organizations in the United Nations system. For banking details please contact the desk officers indicated below. OCHA provides donor governments with written confirmation and pertainent details concerning the utilization of the funds contributed.  Mr. Ivo Freijsen, Mr. Anvar Munavvarov Direct Tel. +41-22-917 1695/1669

 

 

Click on "Bolivia " to get Country Information

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: 19 February 2002

INCIDENT: Heavy rains and a hailstorm hit the Bolivian capital of La Paz between 14:20 and 15:50 on Tuesday, 19 February.  The rainfall reached a record of 39.4 litres per square meter exceeding the historical record of 32 litres per square meter in 1976.  Due to the topography of the city and the overflowing of the Choquepayu and La Paz rivers that run through the city, the streets quickly became fast flowing rivers sweeping along people, vehicles, trees and buildings. The rural communities downstream were also
affected.

SITUATION: ( 5 March):  In the city of La Paz overall activities are going back to normality.
Most of the affected areas have been cleaned up and opened to traffic. Rehabilitation of infrastructure is ongoing and the reconstruction planning phase has begun. Ten thousand pamphlets on preventive measures against floods and landslides have been printed for public distribution in high-risk areas.
According to PAHO/WHO, the situation in the health sector is under control: epidemiological surveillance has been established in the city of La Paz as well as in the rural areas. The implementation of the Supply
Management System (SUMA) continues in five reception centres that have been adequately equipped to register all incoming donations. As of 1 March, hundred and twenty families were still accommodated in

the Coliseo Cerrado.  To Date - People affected: 5000, Dead: 63  Injured: 146 Missing: 13 Damage on Infrastructure: Roads and Bridges   Damage to property varies from light to total destruction due to the collapse of residential buildings. Extensive damage to drainage systems, underground river canals and to the street network, particularly along the Choqueyapu and Cotahuma rivers. Several historic buildings located in Honda Street have been severely damaged.
        

STATUS: Areas affected are in the city of La Paz and rural communities downstream of the Choqueyapu and La Paz rivers. A survey is still ongoing to determine the number of those in need of immediate relief and those in need of support because of loss of their source of income (in particular street vendors and owners of small businesses who lost all their assets). A preliminary estimate gives an overall figure of some 2,500 persons
affected.

GOVERNMENT OF BOLIVIA (GOB): The President of Bolivia requested international assistance on 20 February in a meeting held with the international community, the Mayor of La Paz and several Ministers to discuss damage and impact caused by the rain and hailstorm. The local government has set up three temporary shelters, however no official report on the situation of the homeless is available yet.

INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE: The Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) has mobilized the United Nations Disaster and Assessment Coordination (UNDAC) team upon the request made by the United Nations Resident Coordinator in La Paz. The Team Leader, the OCHA Regional Disaster Response Advisor for Latin America and the Caribbean, arrives today, and another four UNDAC
members (from Brazil and Paraguay) are due in La Paz by 22 February. The Team will assist in strengthening the municipal coordinating authority and providing information management support to the United Nations Resident Coordinator. OCHA is prepared to serve as a channel for cash contributions to be
used for immediate relief assistance, in coordination with relevant organizations in the United Nations system. The OCHA Standardized Contributions Recording Format for information on contributions may be found by clicking on Financial Tracking on the OCHA Internet Website http://www.reliefweb.int 
Situation Reports and information on contributions are available on the OCHA Internet Website at http://www.reliefweb.int  Telephone: +41-22-91712 34 Fax: +41-22-917 00 23 E-mail: ochagva@un.org 

 

Click on DRC" to get Country Information

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: 17 January 2002, 0930L

INCIDENT: Volcanic Eruption 

SITUATION: ( 31 Jan)  Mt. Nyiragongo erupted at approximately 9:30 AM local time (2:30 AM EST)
on January 17.  The volcano produced three paths of lava, one of which headed toward the city of Goma, 18 kilometers to the south.  A fourth fissure opened at 4:00 PM on January 17.  Seismic shocks, ranging from moderate to strong, continue to be felt in the Goma area. Even if these are related with the present
volcano-seismic crisis, these shocks have not been followed by any volcanic activity of volcano Nyiragongo. There were no recordings of seismic signals (tremors) showing magma movements in the area. No eruption is expected at the moment. One more seismic station in Kibati has been added to the Goma Volcano Observatory network.  This brings the total number of stations to 4. The alert level remains Yellow.

STATUS: (9 Mar) (WFP)  The WFP emergency operation for assistance to the volcano victims,
EMOP 10166.0, remains seriously under funded. As of 7 March, only 20 percent of the total resources required have been made available to WFP. Urgent contributions of USD 9.5 million are needed to continue providing food assistance to the most vulnerable people affected by this emergency. Scientists from OCHA and the Volcanic Observatory of Goma have observed an increase in seismic activity in the Nyamurigira volcano, located 45-km northwest of Goma. The volcano may erupt over the coming days or weeks, thus threatening populations living in the surrounding areas.

Rassemblement Congolais pour la Démocratie (RCD): The first preparatory meeting for the launch of a Commission on volcano contingency planning took place between authorities from Gisenyi and Goma.  The meeting was chaired by Mr. Adolphe Onusumba, President of the Rassemblement Congolais pour la Démocratie (RCD)  and Ms. Odette Nyiramirimo, Minister of State for Social Affairs of Rwanda, and included representatives of OCHA and international and local vulcanologists.

INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE:  (29 Jan) OCHA has prepared the outline and criteria of a contingency plan due to be developed in the coming days among local authorities, UN agencies, local and international NGOs. 20.  A consolidated inter-agency appeal for the short-term and mid-term (next three months) is due to be drafted this week.  A major consideration taken into account is the risks of having the population remain in Goma, and how assistance will take place longer-term at camps, transit camps and those with host families. OCHA is prepared to serve as a channel for cash contributions to be used for immediate relief assistance, in coordination/consultation with\ relevant organizations of the United Nations system.  Funds should be transferred to the following account: Bank's Name: Chase Manhattan Bank, NY
Address: International Agencies Banking
               1166, Avenue of the Americas, 17th Floor
               New York, N.Y. 10036-2708, USA
Account's Name: United Nations Geneva General Fund  Account's Number: 485-001802
SWIFT Code: CHASUS33  ABA code: 021000021
Reference: OCHA - DRC-Volcano 2002

CHURCH WORLD SERVICE:  Congo Volcano, #6439, P.O. Box 968, Elkhart, IN,
46515. Phone pledges or credit card donations: 1-800-297-1516. On-line contributions to: www.churchworldservice.org  Call the CWS HOTLINE for updates: (800) 297-1516. For further information about disasters to which Church World Service is responding, contact CWS Emergency Response. Telephone: (212) 870-3151

 

Click on "United States " to get Country Information

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: September 11, 2001

INCIDENT: Terrorist Attacks on New York City and the Pentagon

CURRENT STATUS: See FEMA Online

DOCUMENTARY DETAILS: www.infowarrior.org/terror 

 

Click on "Philippines " to get Country Information

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT:  A Typhoon hit the Philippines on 6-7 November and then Viet Nam on 12 November then dissipated on Tuesday, November 13.

INCIDENT: Typhoon Lingling

SITUATION: As of 12 November 2001, the extent of the damage in the Philippines is
as follows (source:  Office of Civil Defense-National Disaster Coordinating Council):
Death toll: 184  Injured: 147 Missing: 106 Affected population: 1.06 million Affected provinces: 13 Worst affected area: Mahinog Municipality in the Province of Camiguin Population evacuated: 183,435
Houses destroyed: 1,119  Houses damaged: 2,811 Estimated cost of damage in USD: 22.7 million

STATUS:  OCHA is in contact with the UN Resident Coordinator Office in Manila, which is monitoring the situation.

GOVERNMENT OF THE PHILIPPINES: According to the Office of the UN Resident Coordinator in Manila, the Central Government, through the Department of Social Welfare and Development, has provided PHP 7 million (USD 136,000) to the most affected provinces to assist the relief efforts of the provincial and municipal authorities.  The Central Government has also informed that it plans to carry out rehabilitation activities in the agriculture sector.

INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE: No appeal for international assistance has been received by OCHA to date.

 

Click on "Algeria " to get Country Information

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: 10 November 2001

INCIDENT: Flooding and Mudslides

SITUATION:  Sixteen days after the devastating floods that hit northern Algeria, the latest provisional toll announced by the Algerian authorities reached 751 people killed, out of which 700 deaths in Algiers alone. 170 persons are still missing. In total, floods may have affected up to 10,000 families (40,000 to 50,000 persons). The fifty other deaths were reported in the wilayas of Chlef (13), Tipasa (11), Relizane (09), Tiaret (05), Tlemcen (04), Mascara (03), Aïn-Témouchent (02), Mostaganem (01), Oran (02) and one in Tizi-Ouzou.

STATUS: Search and rescue operations have ended with the departure of main international teams (up to 80 persons from France, Morocco and Tunisia coordinated by the Algerian Civil Protection). Operations to clean the city continue. So far, more than 1,1 million m3 of mud have been removed from the worst affected district. According to media, at least 800.000 m3 are still to be removed from small streets, cellars and basements. Many roads are still impassable, particularly in Algiers, Blida, Relizane, Chlef, Tebessa and Oran. So far, more that 6,120 houses have been assessed in Algiers (out of which 2,749 are not anymore habitable).

GOVERNMENT OF ALGERIA: The Government of Algeria urgently requests international assistance. An inter-ministerial meeting was held on 17 November with the participation of the 14 districts (wilayas) affected by floods, in order to prepare an exhaustive assessment of relief operations since 10
November. A team of 31 engineers already assessed 1,600 houses in Bab El Oued's area. The Algerian Red Crescent Society (ARCS) has mobilized relief supplies and volunteers comprising 120 relief specialists, 400 specialists and 13 medical teams and is providing 40 tons of relief items (kitchens utensils, plastic sheets and blankets) as part of the CHF 200,000 donated by the Swiss Red Cross and CHF 100,000 donated by the Swiss government.

INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE: OCHA has decided to allocate an Emergency Grant of US$ 30.000 for local purchase of relief items and or logistical support to assist the affected population. In addition, the Government of Norway is providing an Emergency Grant of US$ 30.000 through OCHA to assist the local population. OCHA is prepared to serve as channel for cash contributions to be used for immediate relief assistance, in coordination/consultation with relevant organizations in the United Nations system. OCHA provides donors with written confirmation and pertinent details concerning the utilization of the funds contributed.Funds should be transferred to: Chase Manhattan Bank, NY
Address: International Agencies Branch
1166, Avenue of Americas, 17th floor
New York, NY 10036-2708 USA
A/C name:    United Nations Geneva General Fund

A/C:         485-001802
ABA Code:    021000021 (US Banking Code)
Swift Code:  CHASU33
Reference:   OCHA - Algeria - floods

OCHA Internet Website at http://www.reliefweb.int 
Telephone: +41-22-91712 34
Fax: +41-22-917 00 23
E-mail: ochagva@un.org 
In case of emergency only: Tel. +41-22-917 20 10

Several Red Cross and Red Crescent national societies (UAE, France, Germany, Iran, Tunisia) are delivering assistance to the flood-affected people, mainly tents and food.

 

 

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: Cuba /Jamaica/ Honduras 6 November 2001

INCIDENT: Hurricane Michelle

SITUATION: After making landfall on the southern coast of Cuba on 4 November, Hurricane Michelle affected Cuba from Pinar del Rio in the east to Ciego de Avila in central Cuba. About 45 percent of the country, where some 5.9 million people or 53 percent of the total population live, has been
affected by the hurricane.


 
STATUS: Cuba 31 Dec - (OCHA) Information available at present indicates that 45 percent of the Cuban territory and 53 percent of the population (some 5.9 million people) was affected by Hurricane Michelle. The immediate needs of the population and particularly those that had to be sheltered or assisted because their houses were affected in one way or another (over 500,000), were met mostly using the reserves that the Government of Cuba keeps in order to respond to emergencies. These reserves, however, are only meant to address very short-term needs and need to be complemented by other sources. Cuba continues to need medicines, foodstuffs, and building materials for housing. The priority is for medicines to attend to children,
expectant mothers and elderly people. Medical equipment is also in dire need in order to equip the medical facilities that were hit and that are now severely strained with more calls for service in the period after the
hurricane. (CWS) Hurricane Michelle was the worst hurricane to hit Cuba in 50 years and struck the Caribbean nation Nov. 4 and affected nearly half of the country geographically, an area of 5.9 million people. The most affected areas are the provinces of Matanzas, Cienfuegos, Villa Clara, Havana and the special municipality Isle of Youth. www.cwserp.org  (ACT) According to the Cuban Civil Defense, the provinces affected were from the northern part of Pinar del Rio province to the province of Ciego de Avila. This represents 45 % of the national territory where 5,899,000 or 53 % of the entire population of Cuba live.  The areas most affected are the provinces of Matanzas, Cienfuegos, Villa Clara and Havana, the City of Havana and the special municipality Isle of Youth. Loss of life has been limited to 5 persons thanks to the rapid action of the Civil Defense agencies and the solid participation of all the people. Infrastructure has been devastated severely affecting provision of vital services such as electricity, potable water, domestic fuel, transportation network and telephones.  Social and educational institutions were also damaged.  A total of 1,500 schools were partly damaged, 50 were razed to the ground or suffered major damages to installations. 

Jamaica - The United Nations Resident Coordinator's Office in Jamaica informs that the Office of Disaster Preparedness in Jamaica issued on 2 November a preliminary report of the damage caused to various sectors as follows: roads (estimated at approx. USD 9 million), gameon baskets, to stop land erosion (estimated at approx. USD 8.5 million), water supply systems (estimated at approx. USD 450,000), health facilities (estimated at approx. USD 380,000). There has been no report on damage to agriculture yet, but assistance is expected to be needed in replanting. 6,000 households are without electricity and there is a lack of potable water and shelter.

Honduras: (CIDI) The United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) team,
in country since 8 November, reports that two communities, La Lima in the department of Cortes and La Mosquitia in the department of Gracias a Dios, continue to suffer from flooding caused by Tropical Storm Michelle some
two weeks ago.  According to the Permanent Commission of Contingencies (COPECO),
61,051 people have been affected by the storm.

Nicaragua: The latest information on the impact of the storm in Puerto Cabezas, Waspan and Rosita in the North Atlantic Autonomous Region (RAAN) shows: 24,866 people affected, 3,349 houses damaged and 7 bridges damaged/destroyed (source: Civil Defense) and 7,000 hectares of staple crops lost.

INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE: The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) reports that two Post-Disaster Appeals were issued following Tropical Storm/Hurricane Michelle.  The first is for Honduras and Nicaragua for health promotion, violence, disease surveillance and control, water and sanitation and information systems, with a total amount of USD 129,000 requested. The second is for Jamaica and The Bahamas for restored environmental health conditions and epidemiological surveillance of communicable diseases, with a total amount of USD 156,000 requested. For further information, please
refer to the Website: www.paho.org/disasters  OCHA is prepared to serve as channel for cash contributions to be used for immediate relief assistance, in co-ordination/consultation with relevant organizations in the United Nations system.  Funds should be transferred to OCHA account no. CO-590.160.0, Swift code: UBSWCHZ12A at the UBS AG, P.O.  Box 2770, CH-1211 Geneva 2, with reference: "OCHA -Name
of Country- Hurricane Michelle-".  OCHA provides donors with written confirmation and pertinent details concerning the utilization of the funds contributed.  See OCHA Internet Website athttp://www.reliefweb.int  

 

Click on "Belize " to get Country Information

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: October 17, 2001

INCIDENT: Hurricane Iris

CURRENT STATUS: (October 22) Category-four strength Hurricane Iris swept through the country on 8 October, swelling the sea and whipping up highly destructive 145 mph (233 km/h) winds. The hurricane took its highest toll on the poorest part of the country where in a matter of days it deprived many of the vulnerable Mayan and Garinagu families living in the districts of Toledo and Stann Creek of their traditional means of livelihood, their homes, schools and health centers.

GOVERNMENT OF BELIZE: The projects proposed by the United Nations System target the most
affected, and hence the most vulnerable families in the communities affected by the disaster.  They take into consideration the emergency priorities of the Government of Belize and the information provided thus
far by NEMO.

INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE: OCHA is prepared to serve as a channel for cash contributions to be
used for immediate relief assistance, in coordination/consultation with relevant organizations in the United Nations system.  OCHA provides donors with written confirmation and pertinent details concerning the utilization of the funds contributed. Funds should be transferred to:

Bank name:         Chase Manhattan Bank, NY
Address:               International Agencies Branch
                              1166, Avenue of Americas, 17th floor
                             New York, NY 10036-2708 USA
A/C name:          United Nations Geneva General Fund
A/C:                     485-001802
ABA Code:         021000021 (US Banking Code)
Swift Code:        CHASU33
Reference:           OCHA - Belize - Hurricane Iris
   www.reliefweb.int 

 

Click on "Guinea " to get Country Information

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: October 9, 2001

INCIDENT: Flooding

CURRENT STATUS: (November 18) Following the request for international assistance from the Government of Guinea on 09 October, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of
Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) dispatched an UNDAC team to Guinea on Thursday 18 October 2001. The report on the UNDAC mission was distributed and is available under http://www.reliefweb.int   Major floods hit many areas of eastern Guinea (Haute Guinée) due to the overflow of major rivers in August and September. According to governmental authorities, 9 people were killed and 220,000 people are affected persons. More than 20,000 hectares of farmed land ready for the harvest were washed away.

GOVERNMENT OF GUINEA: In order to evaluate the magnitude of the disaster and prepare the
best emergency response, OCHA and the SENAH (National Service for Humanitarian Action) of the Ministry of Territorial Administration conducted a first fact-finding mission (Cf Situation Report No1).

INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE: OCHA has decided to allocate an Emergency Grant of US$ 30.000 for
local purchase of relief items and or logistical support to assist the affected population. In addition, the Government of Norway is providing an Emergency Grant of US$ 20.000 through OCHA to assist the local population. OCHA is in close contact with the OCHA Field Office in Guinea and will
revert with further information, as it becomes available. This situation report, together with further information on ongoing emergencies, is also available on the OCHA Internet Website at
http://www.reliefweb.int 

 

Click on "United States " to get Country Information

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: September 27, 2001

INCIDENT: Flooding

CURRENT STATUS: (October 29)  By the morning of 24 October upstream gauging stations of the Mekong River Delta in southern Viet Nam, on the Viet Nam-Cambodia border, and
inland gauging stations of the Long Xuyen and Dong Thap Muoi areas, were registering a reduction in water levels. Nevertheless the Chau Doc Gauging Station on the Hau River, in An Giang province, was at 3.88 metres. It still exceeded Alarm Level III which denotes very dangerous flood conditions. The flood waters at the in-land Moc Hao Gauging Station on Long An province measured 2.46 metres (0.66 metres above Alarm Level III). In addition, a tropical depression triggered torrential rains over central provinces of Viet Nam early this week. While there is no official report available to date, an initial media report indicates that around 20 persons have been killed. Floodwater levels of rivers in the Central River Systems in the area are increasing above Alarm Level II (dangerous flood condition)

GOVERNMENT OF VIET NAM: Vietnamese authorities continue to engage in search and rescue and
relief activities through the provision of rice, life-buoys (especially for children), medicines, water purification tablets and other relief supplies and by mobilising relief teams and first-aid and health care teams. The Government has so far mobilized VND 30 billion (USD 2 million) to support flood-stricken provinces in the Mekong River Delta.  They have also undertaken a major public education initiative warning parents not to
leave their children unattended.

INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE: OCHA is prepared to serve as channel for cash contributions to be
used for immediate relief assistance, in coordination/consultation with relevant organizations in the United Nations system. Funds should be transferred to the following account: Bank's Name:Chase Manhattan Bank, NY,  Address: International Agencies Banking 1166, Avenue of the Americas, 17th Floor,
New York, N.Y. 10036-2708, USA, Account's Name:  United Nations Geneva General Fund Account's Number: 485-001802

 

 

Click on "Peru " to get Country Information

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: June 23, 2001 

INCIDENT: Earthquake measuring 7.9 on the Richter Scale. On 7 July 2001 at 09:38 GMT, another earthquake with a magnitude of 7.2 on the Richter Scale hit the Department of Arequipa. The epicenter was 17.38S and 71.78W (110 km south-southwest of the city of Arequipa). (Source: United States Geological Survey). According to preliminary reports from the Peruvian National Civil Defense, this quake caused no loss of life nor severe injuries and on 5 July 2001 at 13.53, the Department of Arequipa was hit by an earthquake of magnitude 6.6 on the Richter Scale causing damage to housing and roads and injuring 40 persons.

LOCATION: The earthquake was centered in and around Peru's second largest city, Arequipa. The U.S. Geological Survey reported that, on June 23, 2001, at approximately 3:33 pm local time, an earthquake with a magnitude of 8.1 on the Richter Scale occurred near the Peruvian coastline some 120 miles west of Arequipa or about 375 miles southeast of Lima at 16.15 degrees latitude and 73.40 degrees longitude. A tsunami subsequently struck along the coastal department of Arequipa.

CURRENT STATUS: (OFDA): As of August 8, the Peruvian Civil Defense Institute (INDECI) is reporting that 81 people were killed, 2,734 people were injured, and 64 residents are missing.  Estimates by INDECI indicate that a total of 223,679 people have been affected, most of whom were left without shelter.  An estimated 36,769 homes suffered some damage, while a further 24,972 homes were destroyed. The displacement of residents is of particular concern to local officials as overnight temperatures in the affected highland areas can drop below freezing.

GOVERNMENT OF PERU (GOP): The Ministry of Energy and Mines reported that electricity has been
restored to most of Arequipa, Moquegua, and Tacna departments; however, some rural areas remain without power. The Pan-American Highway is now passable with some restrictions. Most rural roads have been cleared, although access to some remote areas remains difficult.  The ports of Matarani and Ilo did not sustain major damage and are operational.  The airports of Arequipa, Moquegua, and Tacna are all reported to be operative. The Ministry of Transport estimates that $50 million will be required for road and bridge repairs. The Ministry of Agriculture indicates 40,843 hectares of cultivation, 255 miles of irrigation canal, 77 reservoirs, 190 distribution canals, 52 wells, and 57 miles of rural road have been damaged.  An estimated $80 million will be required to fully repair this damage. The Ministry of Education estimates the damage to educational infrastructure (schools) to be approximately $55 million.

REMOTE SENSING: The Global Disaster Information Network (GDIN)  http://www.cartographic.com 

INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE: A UN Interagency Mission will be fielded for the assessment of
rehabilitation and reconstruction requirements. Participating Agencies are FAO, HABITAT, ILO, PAHO, UNDP/ERD, UNICEF, and WFP. Coordination made in regard to the participation of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) which will carry out the assessment of the
economic impact of the disaster, based on reports and data to be produced by the sectoral groups. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is coordinating the participation of the concerned Ministries.

OCHA is prepared to serve as channel for cash contributions to be used for immediate relief assistance, in co-ordination/consultation with relevant organizations in the United Nations system. Funds should be transferred to OCHA account no.  CO-590.160.0, Swift code: UBSWCHZ12A at the UBS AG, P.O.  Box 2770, CH-1211 Geneva 2, with reference:  "OCHA - Peru - Earthquake"  OCHA provides donors with written confirmation and pertinent details concerning the utilization of the funds contributed. For additional information about the relief effort in Peru, please refer to the Natural Disasters section of ReliefWeb at http://www.reliefweb.int/ 

Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief Coordination Program - Pan American Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) through the following contact numbers:  Phone no: +1 202-974-33.99 / Fax no: +1 202-77545.78 / Email: disaster@paho.org 

A list of the PVOs may be obtained from the USAID web site at http://www.usaid.gov/   Those interested in providing specific technical relief services or commodities should contact Volunteers in Technical Assistance's (VITA's) Disaster Information Center for information and guidelines at 703-276-1914.

USAID will not deviate from standard Denton Program procedures for transporting privately donated relief supplies.  USAID will prioritize delivery of essential relief commodities.  For more information on theDenton Program, please refer to the USAID website at http://www.usaid.gov/hum_response/pvc/denton.html 

The American Red Cross donations hotline is 1-800-HELP NOW.

Volunteers in Technical Assistance's (VITA)
Disaster Information Center for information and guidelines: 703-276-1914.

CWS HOTLINE for updates: (800) 297-1516.
   Telephone: (212) 870-3151
   E-mail: cherlinger@ncccusa.org
   After-hours emergency pager: (800) 780-0853
   Web site: www.cwserp.org 

ACT Co-ordinator, Thor-Arne Prois (phone ++41 22 791 6033 or mobile phone
++ 41 79 203 6055) or ACT Appeals Officer, Elsa Moreno (phone +41 22 791 6420 or mobile phone ++41 79 608 88133)

 

Click on "El Salvador " to get Country Information

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: 13 February 2001  

INCIDENT: An earthquake with a magnitude of 6.1 on the Richter Scale one month after a January 13 quake killed at least 844 people. (See Below under El Salvador).  (See Alert Archives for information on the 13 January Earthquake)

LOCATION: The epicenter is located at 13.60N and 88.96W (20 km east/south east of San Salvador). (Source: United States Geological Survey).

CURRENT STATUS: (OFDA) (24 Aug 01)El Salvador's National Emergency Committee (COEN) has provided data for the table below.  The figures for the January 13 earthquake were last
updated by COEN on February 9, and on February 21 for the February 13 earthquake.  COEN has finalized these figures and will no longer update the numbers affected.

                                  People     Houses    Houses
Earthquake      Deaths  Injuries  Affected   Damaged   Destroyed

January 13       
844    4,723   1,329,806   169,632    108,226
February 13      
315    3,399     252,622    15,706     41,302
Total              
1,159    8,122   1,582,428   185,338    149,528

REMOTE SENSING: The Global Disaster Information Networ
k (GDIN)  http://www.cartographic.com  and http://www.eastview.com

GOVERNMENT OF EL SALVADOR: Please note that the correct number for the Emergency Operations Center in San Salvador is +503-248-2222. The Government has a website for Earthquake Information at www.terremoto.gob.sv  The National Emergency Committee (COEN) continues to coordinate relief activities for this latest earthquake and the previous one and has set up a web page with information on this emergency at www.coensv.50megs.com  El Salvador's National Commission for Solidarity, charged with receiving and distributing contributions from the international community, provides official guidance for cash donations at http://www.rree.gob.sv/  For further information on international assistance, interested donor countries may wish to contact the focal point for international assistance at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs:  Dr. Elisabeth Cubias, International
Assistance Coordinator, mobile no.  +503-8-85.80.74, fax no.503-2-43.85.82, e-mail: ecubias@rree.gob.sv 

MEDICAL NEEDS: Interested donors may contact the Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief Coordination Program - Pan American Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) through the following contact numbers:  Phone no:  +1 202-974-33.99 / Fax no: +1 202-77545.78  Email: disaster@paho.org 

INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE:
The United Nations Resident Coordinator has called a meeting with the in-country United Nations Disaster Management Team to evaluate the situation  further information on ongoing emergencies
are also available on the OCHA website at http://www.reliefweb.int  OCHA Contacts: Telephone: +41-22-917 1234 Fax: +41-22-9170023 E-mail: ochagva@un.org  In case of emergency: Tel. +41-22-9172010 Desk Officers: Mr. Erik Haegglund / Mr. Carlos Pereira / Ms. Masayo Kondo
Direct tel: +41-22-917 32 99/13 83/19 97 Press contact: Mr. D. Kiniger-Passigli, Direct tel. +41-22-917 26 53  OCHA is prepared to serve as channel for cash contributions to be used for immediate relief assistance, in co-ordination/consultation with relevant organizations in the United Nations system.  Funds should be transferred to OCHA account no. CO-590.160.0, Swift code: UBSWCHZ12A at the UBS AG, P.O.  Box 2770, CH-1211 Geneva 2, with reference: "OCHA - El Salvador - Earthquake- February."  OCHA provides donors with written confirmation and pertinent details concerning the utilization of the funds contributed.
A list of the PVOs may be obtained from the USAID web site at http://www.usaid.gov/   Those interested in providing specific technical relief services or commodities should contact Volunteers in Technical Assistance's (VITA's) Disaster Information Center for information and guidelines at 703-276-1914.

The Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief Coordination Program - Pan American Health Organization (PAHO/WHO): Phone no:  +1 202-974-33.99 / Fax no:  +1 202-77545.78 / website: http://www.paho.org  Email: disaster@paho.org 

WHO-Geneva Ms. Isis Pluut, Tel: +41-22 791 2704, Fax: +41-22- 791 4844, E-mail:
pluute@who.ch
  Dr. Yonas Tegegn, Tel: +41-22-791 2722, Fax: +41-22 791 4844, Email:
tegegny@who.ch
  http://www.who.int/eha/disasters 


The American Red Cross donations hotline is 1-800-HELP NOW.


CHURCH WORLD SERVICE, Attn. El Salvador Earthquake, #6727, P.O. Box 968, Elkhart, IN 46515.  Phone pledges or credit card donations: 1-800-297-1516, ext. 222.  On-line contributions to: www.churchworldservice.org

 ACT Co-ordinator, Thor-Arne Prois (phone ++41 22 791 6033 or mobile phone
++ 41 79 203 6055) ACT Appeals Officer, Elsa Moreno (phone +41 22 791 6420)        http://www.act-intl.org 

 

Click on "India" to get Country Information

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: 26 January 2001  03.16 hrs GMT, or 08.46 hrs local time. 

INCIDENT:  7.9 Earthquake on the Mercalli Scale

LOCATION: The epi-centre is located about 50 kilometres north-east of Bhuj city, at a latitude of 23.4 degrees north and a longitude 70.3 degrees east. Detailed Earthquake Map.

CURRENT STATUS: (ACT) The number of deaths caused by the killer earthquake still remains
unclear, but it is mostly attributed to faulty construction of buildings. The official estimate puts it at around 20,086 and the number of people injured are reported as 166,812.  In fact several million people are still
living under trauma with the frequent aftershocks in the region. Many people have completely lost all their means of livelihood beyond recovery and need outside help for fast revival in order to be able to support
themselves.

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA (GOI): See Website Below

BACKGROUND: (OCHA) According to the Government of India (GOI), the affected areas in Gujarat State include Bhuj, Kutch, Surat, Ahmadabad, Gandhinagar, Rajkot, Surendranagar, Jamnagar, and Jodia. The Kutch district was the most severely affected area and remains isolated from surrounding areas. Local government officials indicate that 90% of the buildings in Bhuj have suffered significant structural damage, while 10% have completely collapsed. In Ahmadabad, the commercial capital of Gujarat, the local media reported that the Nehru bridge, which spans the Sabarmati river, was structurally damaged. In addition, as many as 100 high-rise and multi- story buildings have collapsed.  Ahmadabad has a population of approximately 4.5 million residents. Media reports cited damage to power lines, phone infrastructure, gas lines, railways, and water systems.  

UNITED NATIONS (OCHA): OCHA Contacts:  Telephone +41-22-917 1234 Fax  +41-22-9170023 Email  ochagva@un.org  In case of emergency: Tel. +41-22-9172010 Desk Officers: Mr. R. Mueller / Mr. S. Matsuka Direct Tel. +41-22-917 31 31 / 40 34 Press contact: Mr. D. Kiniger-Passigli, Direct tel. +41-22-917 26 53     Pisa, Italy.  The total value of these commodities is $725,650 including transport.

SITUATION REPORT ("Click" on Current News Below) Source: Government of India

Government of India
Ministry of Agriculture
Department of Agriculture & Cooperation

Natural Disaster Management 

                                                         

Management Drought 2000-01 Management Plan
Research and Development Mail Us at: agrindia@krishi.delhi.nic.in Projects
Training Links Recent Disasters
Committees Addresses Current News
The relief activities mounted by the Indian authorities are reflected on their Internet website at
http://gujarat-earthquake.gov.in  or http://www.ndmindia.nic.in  (Krishi
Control Room website- the purple button directory above)  or http://www.gujaratindia.com  (Gujarat government website)
HELP LINE NUMBERS:  Birla AT&T has set up cellular helplines - 98240-1234. This will send the text messages to any mobile GSM anywhere in the world.
Gandhinagar: 51911-17 and 49256. STD Code: 02712
Bhuj: 50444. STD Code: 02832.
Ahmedabad: 5630200, 6578369 STD Code: 079 Contact: Mr. Bhatia
NGOs:
SEWA - 079-5506474,079-5506444
Social Justice Centre - 079-6769248
Janpath - 079-6813029
Swati - 02754-60338
Red Cross Society - 011-3716411, 3716442
RELIEF FUNDS: Prime Minister's Relief Fund
Contributions to the Fund can be deposited in select branches of the Central Bank of India. State Bank of India, Bankof India Indian Overseas Bank, Syndicate Bank and the Punjab National Bank through chequew or bank draft in favour of the 'Prime Minister's National Relief Fund'. For more information
Visit: http://pmindia.nic.in/funds/nrf.htm
MAP RESOURCES: Maps of India, (USGS http://gldss7.cr.usgs.gov/neis/current/asia.html  Current Global Disaster Maps, World Map Library -University of Texas
REMOTE SENSING: The Global Disaster Information Network (GDIN) and it's remote sensing partners, Space Imaging, SPOT and RADARSAT, as well as East View Cartographic, have provided relevant maps of the Earthquake location.  Contact: Kent Lee at 763-550-0951. (They also provided assistance in the El Salvador Earthquake - See Below).  Website: http://www.cartographic.com  and http://www.eastview.com   Email  kent@eastview.com  
EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS: (DERA) The National Insitutue of Amateur Radio (NIAR) India. VU2MYH (Suri Ram Mohan)  Twenty meters (14.160 MHz) for liaison between Ahmedebad (callsign VU2LIC), the NIAR net control station in Hyderabad (VU2NRO), and New Delhi (various callsigns).   Forty meters (7.023 MHz) for links within Gujarat state.  Mobile station VU2MYH  
MEDICAL RESOURCES:  Doctors wanting to help can contact Ahmedabad Medical Association at  6588775. STD code: 079.
Association of Medical Doctors of Asia (ADMA): http://www.amda.or.jp
Medical Assistance Programs (MAP) International: http://www.map.org/prindia.htm   

MEDIA RESOURCES:
India Online Current News: http://www.ndtv.com 
TIMES OF INDIA  http://www.timesofindia.com  

http://www.gujaratindustry.gov.in/    http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/south_asia/newsid_1137000/1137632.stm
http://www.rediff.com/news/quake.htm   
http://dailynews.yahoo.com/h/p/nm/20010126/sc/mdf10169.html http://dailynews.yahoo.com/h/p/ap/20010126/wl/india_pakistan_earthqua.html http://dailynews.yahoo.com/h/p/ap/20010126/wl/india_earthquake_2nh.html  http://dailynews.yahoo.com/h/p/nm/20010126/wl/mdf10123.html
http://www.timesofindia.com/today/30trem1.htm
http://www.disasters.org/dera/blog/blogger.html

INTERNATIONAL AID: UNDP has coordination offices in Bhuj, Ahmedabad, and Delhi. The
coordination mechanism in Bhuj helps to coordinate the work in Gujarat and serve as an international help-line working in tandem with local government authorities. The team is headed by a senior UNDP Programme Manager and supported by National UN Volunteers. Information on contributions to this disaster may be found by clicking on Financial Tracking at the top of the page for this disaster on the OCHA Internet Website http://www.reliefweb.int  Donors are requested
to verify this table and inform OCHA Geneva of corrections/additions/values. Donors are encouraged to notify OCHA Geneva if their contributions to this disaster using the OCHA Standardized Contributions Recording Format, available electronically in the above mentioned Financial Tracking Website.
(USAID) http://www.usaid.gov/hum_response/pvc/denton.html 
(ACT)  ACT members in India, Churches Auxilary for Social Action (CASA) and Lutheran World Service - India (LWS-I) sent relief and assessment teams to the affected area. For further information please contact:  ACT Web Site address: http://www.act-intl.org  ACT Contact: Ecumenical Centre Phone: ++41-22-791.60.33 150, route de Ferney Fax: ++41-22-791.65.06 1211 Geneva 2 Telex: 415 730 OIK CH Switzerland   ACT Co-ordinator, Thor-Arne Prois (phone ++41 22 791 6033 or mobile phone ++ 41 79 203 6055) or ACT Appeals Officer, Neville Pradhan (phone +41 22 791 6035 or mobile phone ++ 41 79 285 2916) 
CARE India: http://www.careinternational.org.uk/countries/india.html   
Center for International Disaster Infomation (CIDI) List of NGOs and type of Humanitarn Assistance being provided in India Press Contact:  Shanta Bryant, 202-667-8227 x115 NGO Contacts:  James Bishop, Director of Humanitarian Response, 202-667-8227, x104 Anita Malley, Program Associate, x105  http://www.cidi.org 
(CWS) CHURCH WORLD SERVICE, Attn. India Earthquake, #6924, P.O. Box 968, Elkhart, IN 46515.  Phone pledges or credit card donations: 1-800-297-1516, ext. 222. On-line contributions to: http://www.churchworldservice.org  Call the CWS HOTLINE for updates: (800) 297-1516, ext. 111.  
(InterAction)   http://www.interaction.org/.  A coalition of voluntary humanitarian and development organizations that work overseas. InterAction can be contacted at 1-202-667-8227 x106 
International Federation of Red Cross(IFRC): http://www.ifrc.org/docs/news/01/012801 
Volunteers in Technical Assistance's (VITA's) Disaster Information Center at http://www.vita.org.

 

Click on "Philippines " to get Country Information

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: July 4, 2001

INCIDENT: Typhoon Utor 

CURRENT STATUS:  At least 78 people have died as Typhoon Utor cut a devastating
swath throughout southeast Asia. The storm was been downgraded to a tropical storm as it hit southern
China; the worst hit was the Philippines, where at least 74 people died earlier this week; another 49 remain missing, officials said. Most of those who died were killed in landslides in and around the northern
mountain city of Baguio. Initial damage to the Philippines was estimated at $1.9 million.

GOVERNMENT OF PHILIPPINES:  NDCC, through the Regional Disaster Coordinating Councils (RDCCs), is continuously monitoring the effects of the typhoon. RDCCs have dispatched their respective search and rescue units/teams to the different low-lying areas in Regions I, II, III, IV and CAR. The Armed Forces of the Philippines has dispatched manpower, equipment and logistics to assist the local Disaster Coordinating Councils in the search and rescue operations. The regional office of the Department of Public Works and Highways is conducting clearing and restoration of damaged roads and bridges along the Maharlika Road within the boundary of Nueva Ecija and Nueva Vizcaya, as well as on roads leading to Baguio City, Kalinga and Apayao.

INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE: No appeal for international assistance has been received by OCHA to
date. Telephone: +41-22-91712 34 Fax: +41-22-917 00 23 Email: ochagva@un.org  

The Council of Churches of the Philippines, a CWS partner, is conducting assessments. CWS will respond if the council requests assistance. Call the CWS HOTLINE for updates: (800) 297-1516.

Click on "Ghana " to get Country Information

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: 1 July 2001

INCIDENT: Flooding

LOCATION: Coastal Areas of Ghana and the Capital Accra

CURRENT STATUS: (OCHA):  The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said this week that the most urgent threat from floods in Ghanaian coastal towns including Accra came from water-borne diseases, such as cholera, diarrhoea and typhoid, which could be brought on by a lack of clean water. The floods, which followed heavy rains on 26 June, killed at least five people and affected some 139,000 others, OCHA reported on Monday.

GOVERNMENT OF GHANA: Ghana's National Disaster Management Office (NADMO) has
distributed relief items such as tents, blankets, and kitchen tools but more supplies were needed, including food, clothing, medical supplies, and water tankers.

INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE: Nine interagency teams, including WHO, UNICEF, other UN agencies, NGOs and NADMO have been formed to evaluate the damage and assess the needs of
affected people, OCHA reported. WHO and UNICEF have provided US $20,000 for the water, drugs, health education and shelter. The United States has given US $25,000, and UNDP has also made a contribution.

Telephone: +41-22-91712 34
Fax: +41-22-917 00 23
Email: ochagva@un.org 
In case of emergency only: Tel. +41-22-917 20 10
Desk Officers (OCHA Disaster Response Branch):
  Ms. Ute Kollies-Cummings / Mr. Marcel Mikala / Mr. Max Bonnel
  Direct tel: +41-22-917 3948 / 1729 / 1457

Press contact:
  Ms. M. Moulin-Acedo, Direct tel. +41-22-917 31 60

Click on "Sudan " to get Country Information

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: Mid July Through August 19

INCIDENT: Flash Flooding

CURRENT STATUS:  According to government reports, flash floods and the Nile river's seasonal rising waters have affected ten states. The most adversely affected are Kassala, River Nile and South Darfur States.  The number of people who have died since the beginning of floods (mid July) has reached three, all in Khartoum State. In total, an estimated 61,545 persons have been affected, 14,000 of whom are in Kassala. 2,240 houses were completely destroyed and 2,798 partially damaged in 56 villages. Infrastructure in the River Nile State was especially hit.

GOVERNMENT OF SUDAN:  On Sunday 19 August, the GoS sent a letter to the United Nations
Resident Coordinator's Office in Khartoum, requesting UN assistance to respond to needs of disaster-affected people.

INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE: OCHA is prepared to serve as a channel for cash contributions for
immediate relief needs. Funds channelled through OCHA will be spent in coordination with the relevant organisations of the UN System and OCHA will provide written confirmation of their use. For coordination purposes, donors are requested to inform OCHA Geneva, as indicated below, of relief missions, pledges or contributions and their corresponding values by items. OCHA remains in close contact with OCHA / UNDP offices in Sudan and will revert with further information. This Situation Report and further information on ongoing emergencies are also available on the OCHA website at http://www.reliefweb.int 

Click on "Iran " to get Country Information

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: August 10, 2001

INCIDENT: Flash floods triggered by torrential rains that have started on Friday 10 August affecting three provinces in northeastern Iran have now stopped.

CURRENT STATUS:  The UN Inter-agency mission (UNDP/UNICEF) visited the worst affected
province of Golestan on 16 and 17 August (OCHA Situation Report No.4 refers).  The total number of people directly affected by the floods in the province is 217,796, out of which 10,000 are homeless (although close to 1.2 million people have been directly or indirectly affected by the floods at varying degree (OCHA Situation Report No.3 para.3 refers)). 387 villages are reported to have been affected and 4,000 buildings have sustained heavy damage.  The floods have also submerged some 10,000 ha of forest and pastureland.  Due to water logging, malaria and diarrhoea are of health concern in the affected areas. 

GOVERNMENT OF IRAN:  August 15, 2001, the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran has sent a letter to the Office of the United Nations Resident Coordinator in Iran, welcoming international support to assist in the national effort underway to respond to the flood disaster affecting three provinces in northeastern Iran. ( Golestan, Khorassan and Semnan)

INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE: OCHA is prepared to serve as channel for cash contributions to be used for immediate relief assistance, in co-ordination/consultation with relevant organizations in the United Nations system.  Funds should be transferred to OCHA account no. CO-590.160.0, Swift code: UBSWCHZ12A at the UBS AG, P.O. Box 2770, CH-1211 Geneva 2, with reference: "OCHA ?
Iran ?  Flash Floods".  OCHA provides donors with written confirmation and pertinent details concerning the utilization of the funds contributed.

Click on "Russian Federation " to get Country Information

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: 14 June 2001 Continuing

INCIDENT: Floods

LOCATION: Republic of Sakha (Yakutia),

CURRENT STATUS: (OCHA):  In response to a request from the Government of the Russian Federation to bring to the attention of the international community the situation of the  population affected by floods in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), OCHA deployed on 14 June 2001 the United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) Team to the affected region. The United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) Team returned from the flood-affected areas in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)
on Wednesday 20 June.

REPUBLIC OF SAKHA GOVERNMENT: On 26 June 2001, Prime Minister Mikhael Kasyanov signed a decision on comprehensive measures to tackle the consequences of the floods in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).  The document stipulates, inter alia, which financial resources will be made by the Federal Government to provide housing to 2,000 affected families and to restore public buildings and facilities.  In addition, the document outlines how vulnerable groups will be assisted and which financial schemes will be established to support the Government of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in meeting the needs.

INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE: OCHA is prepared to serve as channel for cash contributions to be used for immediate relief assistance, in coordination/consultation with relevant organizations in the United Nations system. Funds should be transferred to OCHA account No. Co-590.160.0, Swift code: UBSWCHY12A at the UBS AG, P.O. Box 2770, CH-1211 Geneva 2, with the reference: OCHA Republic of Sakha Floods  OCHA provides donors with written confirmation and pertinent details concerning the utilization of the funds contributed. Donors are requested to inform OCHA Geneva, as indicated below, of
bilateral relief missions/pledges/contributions and their corresponding values by item. http://www.reliefweb.int 

 

Click on "Mozambique" to get Country Information

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: 8 February 2001. 

INCIDENT: Floods

LOCATION: Mozambique's centre parts have received heavy rains between 8 and 14 February, with the heaviest recording in Tete city, 305.7 mm; followed by the northern parts of Inhambane, 127 mm and Manica, 112mm. 

CURRENT STATUS: (OCHA/CIDI) .  The water level of the Cahora Bassa reservoir continues to fall about 5-10 cm per day, with a discharge of 4,700 m3/s as of 3 May. Upstream from Cahora Bassa, the level of the Zambezi river at Zumbo had fallen to 8 cm above flood level on 3 May.  Downstream from the dam, the Zambezi had fallen below flood level at Tete by 3 May and was down to 62 cm above flood level at Caia on the same day.

GOVERNMENT OF MOZAMBIQUE: (OCHA/CIDI) A donor conference to be held in Mozambique by the Government is now scheduled in early June (OCHA Situation Report no. 18 para. 5 refers). The
Ministry of Finance and Planning is taking the lead role.  The purposes of the conference are to review the rehabilitation/reconstruction programmes in 2000 and the impacts of the floods in 2001, and to raise funds to respond the unmet needs for the victims of the flooding in 2001.

INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE: (OCHA) Information on contributions to this disaster may be found by clicking on Financial Tracking at the top of the page for this disaster on the OCHA Internet Website ( http://www.reliefweb.int  ). Donors are requested to verify this table and inform OCHA Geneva of corrections/additions/values. Donors are encouraged to notify OCHA Geneva of their contributions to this disaster using the OCHA Standardized Contributions Recording Format, available electronically in the above mentioned Financial Tracking Website. The World Food Program (WFP) has carried out food deliveries by boat and pre-positioned supplies for over 20,000 people. USAID has made available a Caravan-aircraft to WFP to shuttle in food stocks from Beira, capital of Sofala. UNICEF has provided 500 kg of chlorine and 30,000 sachets of chloroflocs for distribution in all affected areas. further information  ongoing emergencies available on the OCHA Internet Website at: http//www.reliefweb.int 
OCHAContacts: Telephone: +41-22-917 1234  Fax: +41-22-9170023 Email: ochagva@un.org  In case of emergency: Tel. +41-22-9172010 Desk Officers: Mr. K. Wiersing / Ms. Y. Sawada, Mr. M. Bonnel
direct Tel. +41 - 22 917 2270/ +41-22-917 1768 Press contact: Mr. D. Kiniger-Passigli, Direct tel. +41-22-917 26 53

Click on "Bolivia" to get Country Information

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: 14:22 GMT, 1 February 2001 (Ongoing) 

INCIDENT: Heavy rains are forecast to continue, increasing the likelihood of further communities being flooded.

LOCATION: The Government of Bolivia has declared an emergency situation in four departments (La Paz, Oruro, Cochabamba and Beni)  and requested the assistance of the international community for the victims of the floods.

CURRENT STATUS: (OCHA) The United Nations Resident Coordinator's Office in La Paz informs
that a total of 52,913 families have been affected by the recent floods, according to the report prepared by the National Civil Defense Service (SENADECI) dated 5 March. Bolivia 's nine departments have been hit by
rains and flooding, but the most affected are La Paz (23,334 families affected), Cochabamba (12,902) Potosí (6,767) and Beni (3,651). According to the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red
Crescent Societies (IFRC), the heavy rainfall over the past months in the 'altiplano' region has severely affected the lower departments of the country, with rivers overflowing their banks and causing floods. In the
Chaco zone, many of the areas, which were severely affected by drought, are now experiencing flooding.
The United Nations Resident Coordinator's Office in La Paz informs
that a total of 52,913 families have been affected by the recent floods, according to the report prepared by the National Civil Defense Service (SENADECI) dated 5 March. Bolivia 's nine departments have been hit by
rains and flooding, but the most affected are La Paz (23,334 families affected), Cochabamba (12,902) Potosí (6,767) and Beni (3,651). According to the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red
Crescent Societies (IFRC), the heavy rainfall over the past months in the 'altiplano' region has severely affected the lower departments of the country, with rivers overflowing their banks and causing floods. In the
Chaco zone, many of the areas, which were severely affected by drought, are now experiencing flooding.

GOVERNMENT OF BOLIVIA: Civil Defense (SENADECI) reports that 150,615 persons have been seriously affected by the floods and landslides.  In the department of La Paz, there are 66,160 persons affected by the floods and the national Government remains unable to give any tangible assistance to the affected.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: (OCHA) The United Nations Resident Coordinator's Office in Bolivia informs that some 39,000 families (234,000 people) have been affected by the floods in the western and northern highlands of the country, according to the National Civil Defense Service (SENADECI).
A full Situation Report and further information on ongoing emergencies are also available on the OCHA Internet Website at: http://www.reliefweb.int

INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE: OCHA is prepared to serve as channel for cash contributions to be
used for immediate relief assistance, in co-ordination/consultation with relevant organizations in the United Nations system.  Funds should be transferred to OCHA account no. CO-590.160.0, Swift code: UBSWCHZ12A at the UBS AG, P.O. Box 2770, CH-1211 Geneva 2, with reference: "OCHA - Bolivia - Floods".  OCHA provides donors with written confirmation and pertinent details concerning the utilization of the funds contributed, Contacts: Telephone: +41-22-917 1234; Fax: +41-22-9170023; E-mail: ochagva@un.org  In case of emergency: Tel. +41-22-9172010 Desk Officers: Mr. Erik Haegglund/Mr. Carlos Pereira/Ms. Masayo Kondo Direct tel: +41-22-917 32 99/13 83/19 97 Press contact: Mr. D. Kiniger-Passigli, direct tel. +41-22-917 26 53 
Center for International Disaster Information

Volunteers in Technical Assistance web: www.cidi.org   listserv: www.cidi.org/listsub.htm

   

Click on "Angola" to get Country Information

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: 14 April  2001; response and recovery. 

INCIDENT: Floods

LOCATION: Angola

CURRENT STATUS: (IRIN/CIDI) During the past week, Government authorities and representatives of the humanitarian community carried out six technical assessments in flood-affected areas in the provinces of Bengo, Benguela, Huila, Luanda and Namibe.  Registration of the affected populations and distribution of
emergency assistance are on-going. Under the leadership of the Technical Unit for Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance (UTCAH), Government authorities, the UN agencies and NGOs are developing a consolidated national plan of action to respond to the needs of flood-affected populations in the affected provinces of Bengo, Benguela, Cunene, Huila, Luanda and Namibe. The Angola provinces of Benguela and Namibe were hit by floods in middle April with an estimated 25,000 people affected. The floods left a trail of
destruction with hundreds of mud houses literally washed away resulting in thousands of people being displaced and left in the open without shelter.

GOVERNMENT OF ANGOLA: (OCHA) Complex Emergencies. (South Africa) .  Humanitarian partners are working closely with the Government to help flood victims and provide complementary support to meet urgent needs. The Angolan Government has allocated approximately USD nine million to respond
to the flood situation.

INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE: (OCHA) Rapid response interventions are currently being conducted within the context of the UN Consolidated Inter-Agency Appeal for 2001.  Financial
support for programmes outlined in the Appeal is urgently required to address the needs created by the floods.  Following first quarter adjustments, the 2001 Appeal totals USD 236,768,783, including
approximately USD 210 million for UN agencies and USD 26 million for NGOs. By the end of March, contributions and pledges had been received for only 15% of original requirements. Cash contributions to the UN Consolidated Inter-Agency Appeal for 2001 are urgently needed.
Within the context of the Appeal, OCHA is also prepared to serve as a channel for cash contributions to be used for immediate relief assistance,
in co-ordination/consultation with relevant organisations in the United Nations system. Funds should be transferred to OCHA account no. CO-590.160.0, Swift code: UBSWCHZ12A at the UBS AG, P.O. Box 2770, CH-1211 Geneva 2, with reference:  OCHA - Angola- floods 2001.

Click on "Zimbabwe" to get Country Information

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: 14 March  2001; in recovery. 

INCIDENT: Floods

LOCATION: Zimbabwe

CURRENT STATUS: (IRIN/CIDI) The worst floods in living memory washed away hundreds of houses in Tsholotsho, about 100 km northwest of Bulawayo in Zimbabwe's Matabeleland province, leaving at least 1,500 people homeless. Residents of Tsholotsho awoke last week to find the district flooded after the Gwayi river, whichmeanders its way through the area, burst its banks after heavy rains. Hundreds of families fled into the mountains as a huge mass of water destroyed their homes and livestock. A 17-year-old boy was carried away by the floods, bringing to 15 the number of people killed countrywide since the start of the heavy rains. Three schools were closed after people were evacuated from villages in the area. They ended up at Sipepa Hospital where tents were erected for the flood victims. School lessons are now being held in the open in the hospital grounds.

GOVERNMENT OF ZIMBABWE: (OCHA) Transport and repair of the road network are a priority. The acquisition of vehicles will allow the Civil Protection and Drought Management Units of the Government to assess and monitor the affected areas. Due to a lack of these, authorities have been forced to hire them at high prices. See Complex Emergencies. (South Africa)

INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE: (OCHA) OCHA is prepared to serve as channel for cash contributions to be used for immediate relief assistance, in co-ordination/consultation with relevant organisations in the United Nations system. Funds should be transferred to OCHA account no. CO-590.160.0, Swift code: UBSWCHZ12A at the UBS AG, P.O. Box 2770, CH-1211 Geneva 2, with reference: "OCHA - Zimbabwe - floods 2001". OCHA provides donors with written confirmation
and pertinent details concerning the utilisation of the funds contributed.

Click on "Ukraine" to get Country Information

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: 14 March  200; in recovery. 

INCIDENT: Floods

LOCATION: Twelve (12) regions of the Zakarpatian Oblast. 

CURRENT STATUS: (OCHA). The overall situation is stable with water levels increasing on smaller
rivers and a slight decrease on the Tisza River. As a result of the floods, nine persons lost their lives and approximately 5.000 persons are still displaced. The highest priority need, as requested by the Government
of Ukraine, remains high-capacity pumps. 

GOVERNMENT OF UKRAINE: (OCHA) According to information received from the Ukrainian Ministry of Emergencies and Population Protection from the Consequences of Chernobyl (MoE of Ukraine) and other sources, the situation on 28 March 2001, is as follows: Due to heavy rainfalls at the beginning of March and the annual melting of snow, severe floods hit the western part of Ukraine along all major
rivers (12 regions of the Zakarpatian Oblast/Transcarpathian Region). Historical heights of water levels had been exceeded. After a short stabilisation period, as a consequence of intensive rains, water levels
started to rise again on 19 March 2001 (as much as 1.2 to 1.8,). As of 28 March 2001, the situation is described as stable with an increase in water levels (up to 60 cm on the smaller rivers in the Trans-Carpathian Region) and a slight decrease (10-12 cm) on the Tisza River.

INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE: (OCHA) - Focal point for coordination of foreign aid is: Coordination Center of the Ministry for Emergencies: Phone +38 044/ 247 3070 or 247 3015 - Fax:
+38 044/ 247 3233 (operating 24 hours); Focal point for reception and distribution of foreign aid is: Commission of Zakarpatian Administration on Humanitarian Assitance: Phone +38 03 122/
13247 or 33540 or 13114 - Fax: +38 03 122/ 12557 or 13114 - (operating 24
hours). 

OCHA Desk Officers (Disaster Response Branch):
  Mr Sergio Piazzi      Tel: +41 - 22 - 9173518
  Mr Dusan Zupka        Tel: +41 - 22 - 9171645

OCHOPress contact:  Mr. Donato Internet Website at Kiniger-Passigli, direct
Tel. +41-22-917 26 53  http://www.reliefweb.int   

Click on "Malawi" to get Country Information

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: 24 February 2001; in recovery. 

INCIDENT: Floods

LOCATION: On 24 February, President of Malawi declared 13 of the 27 country's districts as disaster areas (Nsanje, Chikwawa, Karonga, Machinga, Blantyre, Dedza, Nkhotakota, Phalombe, Salima, Zomba, Mangochi, Mchinji and Thyolo).

CURRENT STATUS: (OCHA/CIDI) . Since mid-April, no heavy rains have been recorded and floodwaters have continued to recede in the affected area.  Access to the flood affected areas, such as Makhanga, Mankhokwe, Mbenje and parts of Phalombe has improved.  Affected families continue to go back to their villages to start rebuilding their homes.  With winter approaching and the temperature
dropping, living conditions of the affected families are getting more difficult.

GOVERNMENT OF MALAWI: (OCHA/CIDI))  The DDPRR continues its efforts in coordinating the Government response to the disaster and in raising funds to procure food commodities
for the victims.  The Vice President appealed for assistance for the recovery and rehabilitation phase.  The Ministries of Transport and Works, Health and Population, and Agriculture and Livestock Development have been tasked to expedite and finalize assessment of damages so as to provide donors with consolidated needs.  The Ministry of Agriculture is leading the appeal for farm inputs, particularly seeds, to be distributed to affected farmers for the winter planting season.

INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE: (OCHA) OCHA is prepared to serve as channel for cash contributions to be used for immediate relief assistance, in co-ordination/consultation with relevant organisations in the United Nations system.  Funds should be transferred to OCHA account no. CO-590.160.0, Swift code: UBSWCHZ12A at the UBS AG, P.O. Box 2770, CH-1211 Geneva 2, with reference: "OCHA - Malawi - floods 2001". OCHA provides donors with written confirmation and
pertinent details concerning the utilisation of the funds contributed. Any future updates on contributions to this disaster may be found by clicking on Financial Tracking at the top of the page for this disaster on
the OCHA Internet Website ( http://www.reliefweb.int  ). Donors are requested to verify this table and inform OCHA Geneva of corrections/additions/values.  Donors are encouraged to notify OCHA Geneva
of their contributions to this disaster using the OCHA Standardized Contributions Recording Format, available electronically in the above mentioned Financial Tracking Website. OCHAContacts:

Telephone: +41-22-917 1234
Fax: +41-22-9170023
E-mail: ochagva@un.org
In case of emergency: Tel. +41-22-9172010
Desk Officers (OCHA Disaster Response Branch):
Mr. K. Wiersing /Ms. Y.  Sawada/Mr. M. Bonnel
direct Tel. +41 22 917 2270/1768/1457
Press contact: Mr. D. Kiniger-Passigli, Direct tel. +41-22-917 26 53

 
DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT:   13, January 2001 11:35 AM  local time, an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.6 on the Richter Scale and a depth of 60 km.   

INCIDENT: An earthquake with a magnitude of 7.6 on the Richter Scale and a depth of 60 km 

LOCATION: Off the El Salvadoran coastline some 65 miles southwest of San Miguel at 12.8 degrees latitude and 88.8 degrees longitude.

CURRENT STATUS: (USAID) As of February 2, El Salvador's National Emergency Committee (COEN)
reported 827 deaths, 4,520 injuries, 1,160,316 people affected, 92,080 houses destroyed, and 130,005 houses damaged. The Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) reports that a total of 4,028 emergency shelters are operating in the departments of La Libertad, San Salvador, Santa Ana, San Miguel, Usulutan, Sonsonate, and San Vicente. There are pockets of damage throughout the country that range from 0% to 60% affected.  The southern and eastern portions of the country are most-affected, while little damage is in the north. 

BACKGROUND: (OCHA) The United Nations Resident Coordinator in El Salvador informs that aftershocks are still continuing, totaling 1,953 as of 21 January 2001, according to the National Emergency Committee (COEN). According to the same official figures released on 21 January, the death toll is 704, with 4,055 people injured and 573,609 people affected nationwide. 496 landslides have been recorded. 69,714 houses were destroyed and 104,865 damaged by the devastating earthquake of 13 January. The following departments are in greater need of assistance: La Paz (144,783 people affected), La Libertad (90,585), San Vicente (83,228) and Usulutan (81,662). Some 68,000 people have been evacuated so far. It is estimated that some 60,000 people are now in temporary shelters. In view of crowded shelter conditions (some 10,000 persons in the Cafetalon shelter in Santa Tecla), priority needs are mostly concentrated on basic humanitarian needs for the people in shelters. 

UNITED NATIONS (OCHA): Contact info: Telephone: +41-22-917 1234 Fax: +41-22-9170023 Email: ochagva@un.org  In case of emergency: Tel. +41-22-9172010 Desk Officers: Mr. Erik Haegglund / Mr. Carlos Pereira / Ms. Masayo Kondo Direct tel: +41-22-917 32 99/13 83/19 97 Press contact: Mr. D. Kiniger-Passigli, Direct tel. +41-22-917 26 53 This Situation Report and further information on ongoing emergencies are also available on the OCHA website at http://www.reliefweb.int  OCHA is prepared to serve as channel for cash contributions to be used for immediate relief assistance, in co-ordination/ consultation with relevant organisations in the United Nations system. Funds should be transferred to OCHA account no. CO-590.160.0, Swift code: UBSWCHZ12A at the UBS AG, P.O.  Box 2770, CH-1211 Geneva 2, with reference: "OCHA El Salvador   Earthquake." OCHA provides donors with written confirmation andpertinent details concerning the utilisation of the funds contributed.  

GOVERNMENT OF EL SALVADOR: Please note that the correct number for the Emergency Operations Center in San Salvador is +503-248-2222. The Government has opened a website, Earthquake Information Center at www.terremoto.gob.sv  The National Emergency Committee (COEN) continues to coordinate relief activities and has set up a web page with information on this emergency at www.coensv.50megs.com 
REMOTE SENSING: The Global Disaster Information Network (GDIN) and it's remote sensing partners, Space Imaging, SPOT and RADARSAT, as well as East View Cartographic, have provided relevant maps of the Earthquake location.  Contact: Kent Lee at 763-550-0951. (They are providing assistance in the India Earthquake - See Above).  Website: http://www.cartographic.com  and http://www.eastview.com
WEBSITES:
National Emergency Committee (COEN): www.coensv.50megs.com 
UNDP/OCHA in San Salvador: www.terremotoelsalvador.org.sv 
OCHA: www.reliefweb.int 
INTERNATIONAL AID: Focal point for international assistance at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Dr. Elisabeth Cubias, International Assistance Coordinator, mobile no. +503-8-85.80.74, fax no.503-2-43.85.82,
Email: ecubias@rree.gob.sv  Contributions can be placed in the following accounts, especially set up by the Government for this purpose: Banco Salvadore, savings account number 024-54-0020989, or Banco Agricola, checking account number 303-002-002-3, in each case, with the reference Comite Financiero de
Solidaridad (CONFISOL).
(USAID)
  The USAID/Disaster Assistance Response.  Team (DART) has set up an office in COEN to assist it in coordination efforts and to ensure access to the latest information. A list of the PVOs may be obtained from the USAID web site  http://www.usaid.gov/   
The World Food Program (WFP) has available enough supplies in El Salvador to satisfy food needs for the next two weeks (Until February). The planned appeal for food relief and rehabilitation needs over the next three to six months will, however, need support from the international community. Note: Relief items received from the international community are recorded  and distributed by the Comision Nacional de Solidaridad, a private-sector organization. Contributions can be placed in the following accounts, especially set up by the Government for this purpose: Banco Salvadoreno, savings account number 024-54-0020989, or Banco Agricola, checking account number 303-002-002-3, in each case, with the reference Comite Financiero de Solidaridad (CONFISOL).  El Salvador's National Commission for Solidarity, charged with receiving and distributing contributions from the international community, provides
official guidance for cash donations at http://www.rree.gob.sv/ 

Click on "Mozambique" to get Country Information

DATE AND TIME OF INCIDENT: 3 January 2001  

INCIDENT: Heavy rains and the release of water from the Kariba dam in Zambia,
caused flooding in the northwestern province of Tete.   

LOCATION: The Zambezi River burst its banks on 3 January, flooding farmland in the districts of Zumbo, Magoe and Mutarara. 

CURRENT STATUS: (OCHA)Some 10,000 people in Mutarara district are reported to be 'facing a difficult situation. Later in January, a tropical storm brought heavy rain to Quelimane, the capital of Zambezia, and other areas of the province.  On 28 January, a joint United Nations Disaster Management Team (UNDMT) comprising UN agencies, INGC, DFID, USAID, Action Aid, and Save the Children, went to the affected areas.  The mission reported that 19,000 - 23,000 people in six districts of the province were directly affected.  The rains inundated 4,078 houses and destroyed 425.  An unspecified number of displaced people are currently accommodated in temporary shelters, set up in schools and/or by relatives and neighbours.  The districts of Mopeia and Chinde are isolated.  Food and non-food items, pre-positioned by WFP and UNICEF respectively, are being distributed by the Government to the affected population. The outlook until 10 February is for dry conditions over the southern part of Mozambique, and generally wet conditions in the centre and north of the country.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: A full Situation Report and further information on ongoing emergencies are also available on the OCHA Internet Website at: http://www.reliefweb.int

INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE:

Action by Churches Together (ACT) is a worldwide alliance of churches and their related agencies, meeting human need through co-ordinated emergency response.  ACT Co-ordinator, Thor-Arne Prois (phone ++41 22 791 6033 or mobile phone ++ 41 79 203 6055) ACT Appeals Officer, John Nduna (phone +41 22 791 6040) The ACT Coordinating Office is based with the World Council of Churches (WCC) and the Lutheran World Federation (LWF) in Switzerland.
Ecumenical Centre                          Phone: ++41-22-791.60.33
150, route de Ferney                        Fax: ++41-22-791.65.06
P.O. Box 2100                                 E-Mail: act@wcc-coe.org

1211 Geneva 2                              Telex: 415 730 OIK CH
   Switzerland                                 http://www.act-intl.org 

                                Earthquake 6 December 2000
Status: Recovery.  December 9: (OCHA)A major earthquake occurred on 6 December 2000 at 22:11 local time, in the southern part of the Caspian Sea, on Turkmenistan's west coast, about 150 km west-northwest of Gyzylarbat. According to United States Geological Survey, the earthquake had a magnitude of 7.2 Mw, with the epi-centre situated at latitude 39.7 degrees north and longitude 54.9 degrees east. The quake was felt both in Ashgabat, capital of the country, and in Baku, Capital of Azerbaijan, situated on the other side of the Caspian Sea. The quake was also reported to have been felt in much of southern Russia and even noticed in the outskirts of Moscow. The shock of the earthquake caused cracks on the buildings. Some residents were hospitalized mainly because of heart and stress problems. A number of people spent the night on the street. Nevertheless, the main municipal services are working and shops are open. Local authorities are now identifying the scale of damages. Tangible damages to buildings and possibly loss of life in the south-west region of Turkmenistan have been reported to the UN office in the country. The Government has not yet confirmed the effects of the earthquake in this region.  On 7 December 2000, the UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Representative met with the President of Turkmenistan who said there was no need for international assistance, as the Government had the situation under control. In consultation with the UN Resident Coordinator, UNICEF is fielding a mission to the region to assess the unconfirmed information. For coordination purposes, donors are requested to inform OCHA Geneva, as indicated below, of bilateral relief missions/pledges/contributions and their corresponding values by item. This situation report, together with further information on ongoing emergencies, is also available on OCHA Internet Website at http://www.reliefweb.int 

                 Storm, rain and frost 26-28 November 2000
Status: Recovery.  December 9: (OCHO) From 26 to 28 November 2000, the northern parts of Moldova were severely hit by a storm with heavy rains and frost. In the worst affected areas, a layer of ice of about 1.5 cm has covered tree branches, telephone and electricity cables.  According to a preliminary report issued by the Civil Protection and Emergency Situations Department, the storm damaged hundreds of kilometers of power lines and thousands of pylons. The electricity supply was cut off in the northern counties of Edinets and Soroca, and 60 per cent of the settlements in the counties of Orhei and Balti. In the eastern region of Transnistria, the power supply was interrupted in the districts of Camenca and Rabnita, including the Rabnita metallurgical plant.  According to the Civil Protection and Emergency Situations Department, 546 villages were affected. The area includes the counties of Orhei, Soroca, Edinets, Chisinau, Ungheni, and Balti, as well as some of the adjacent parts of Transnistria.   The population of the affected areas has no electricity and water supply (since electric water pumps are in use). On 7 December 2000, 356 communities were entirely deprived of electricity out of which 225 lack any means of telephone communication.  At this stage (6 December 2000) the total damage is estimated at MDL 255,000,000 (approximately USD 20.8 million).  The UNDP field office has issued a Situation Report, and is ready to facilitate custom clearance for humanitarian aid in order to avoid any delay.  Contact: Ms. Malin Lunden, Program officer, UNDP Moldova. Tel.: (+373) 2 22 00 45 Fax. (+373) 2 22 00 41 Email: malin.lunden@undp  This situation report, together with further information on ongoing emergencies, is also available on the OCHA Internet Website at http://www.reliefweb.int  

                                 Earthquake 25  November 2000
Status: Recovery.  December 4: (VITA) A strong earthquake, centered about 25 km into the Caspian Sea and measuring 7,0 on the Richter Scale, hit Azerbaijan on 25 November 2000. The aftershocks are still continuing. As a direct result of the earthquake, 31 people died, of whom 23 due to stress-induced heart attacks and 3 as the result of a gas explosion. More than 430 persons are reported to have received medical treatment. 44 injured people are still in hospital, of which 10 are in serious condition.  The State Emergency Commission (SEC) dispatched assessment teams to the affected areas. As of 29 November 2000, the following are the damages reported: 558 families (2,213 persons) need to be evacuated from severely damaged houses, as well as 529 IDPs (160 families) from five damaged hostels. 73 buildings (houses, hostels, educational institutions, hospitals, and industrial enterprises) were severely damaged. In Baku, as of 27 November 2000, 19 families have been evacuated from three severely damaged houses. Schools have been temporarily closed. National Response: Following the Presidential Decree of 28 November 2000, the SEC was provided with an amount of approximately US$ 5.5 million in order to deal with the consequences of the earthquake. The SEC also convened a meeting with Heads of UN Agencies and major international relief and development organisations operating in the country. International Response: A UN Disaster Management Team, comprised of UNDP, UNHCR, UNICEF, UNFPA and WHO, was established in order to consider opportunities to support the
governmental efforts. OCHA is monitoring the situation in close cooperation with the UN Resident Coordinator's office in Baku. The IFRC launched an emergency appeal for international assistance amounting to US$ 590,000. The IFRC is collaborating with the Azerbaijan Red Crescent Society in collecting information on the damage. Assistance Required: The Government of Azerbaijan officially appealed for international
assistance but has not yet issued a list of requirements/needs. According to the SEC, construction materials, heated tents and financial resources will be needed to start the reconstruction work and to rehabilitate the
damaged buildings. For coordination purposes, donors are requested to inform OCHA Geneva, as indicated below, of bilateral relief missions/pledges/contributions and their corresponding values by item. This situation report, together with further information on ongoing emergencies, is also available on the OCHA Internet Website at http://www.reliefweb.int  Telephone: +41-22-917 12 34 Fax: +41-22-917 00 23
Email: ochagva@un.org  In case of emergency only: Tel. +41-22-917 20 10 Desk Officer: Mr. Dusan Zupka Direct Tel. +41-22-917 1394 Press contact: (in GVA) Mr. Donato Kiniger-Passigli, direct Tel. +41-22-917 26 53 (in NY) Ms. Phyllis Lee, direct Tel. +1-212-963 48 32
            Flood and Mudslides November 2000
Status: Recovery.  November 18: (OCHO) According to the United Nations Resident Coordinator in Caracas, heavy rains continue and are causing flooding and some mudslides in the northern
coastal region. A state of emergency has been declared in ten (10) states and the Federal District). It should be recalled that in December 1999 (See below), Venezuela faced one of the worst disasters of its history. A state of emergency was declared for the Federal District of Caracas and eight of the country's 23 States, due to abnormal and heavy rains that affected most of the northern area of Venezuela. Approximately 350,000 people were affected and some 90,000 houses damaged or destroyed. The national authorities have reported to date two people dead, some 7,000 people affected and 3,000 homes damaged or lost.
(ACT)
A state of emergency has been declared in Venezuela, after days of incessant, heavy rains that have left at least three people dead and 2,400 homeless. The capital city of Caracas, along with Vargas and eight other states on the northern coast and to the west were declared to be in a state of emergency. The rains have raised fears of a recurrence of last year's massive floods and mudslides that killed at least 15,000 people, left tens of thousands homeless and wiped out entire towns in the northern coastal state of Vargas. Rivers swelled, streets became streams and mudslides buried hundreds of shanty homes this week as rains poured down on the northern coast and west of the country. Two people died after mudslides buried their homes and one man drowned after he was swept away by an overflowing river. Thousands abandoned their homes in Vargas, and authorities are worried about finding shelter as the number of homeless grows (thousands of Venezuelans who lost their homes in the floods last December are still living in shelters).  The government is preparing army barracks to receive some of those rendered homeless. The emergency has forced the President of Venezuela to cancel a five-day tour of Central America that was to begin Wednesday. The director of the Civil Defense reports that some 6,000 people throughout the country have been evacuated as a precaution.  Meteorologists report that the rains could continue for four more days however, at present the weather patterns do not resemble those that preceded last year's disaster. ACT Co-ordinator, Thor-Arne Prois (phone ++41 22 791 6033 or mobile phone ++ 41 79 203 6055) or ACT Appeals Officer, Elsa Moreno (phone +41 22 791 6420)

                                      Floods &  Landslides November 2000
Status: Recovery. December 5: (OCHO) The flood water has receded in the affected provinces of West Sumatra, North Sumatra and Aceh after the floods triggered by the seasonal torrential rains late last month caused damage to human and material resources. Landslides in West Sumatra have also reportedly killed or left
missing some 100 people and damaged houses, crops and public facilities though the damage observed by the Government assessment team was not as severe as initially expected. Damage and losses to the infrastructure and roads caused by the floods and landslides in West Sumatra and in Aceh are estimated at over IDR 300 billion (USD 34 million) and at IDR 36 billion (USD 4 million) respectively. The Indonesian Government has conducted assessments in the affected provinces from 29 November to 1 December, accompanied by UNDP and OCHA field staff members. A UN representative who accompanied the Government assessment team to West Sumatra reports that, in Malalo which was badly hit by the landslides and floods, 7 people have been killed with 14 missing and some of the housing areas and farming land and crops have been damaged. As of 30 November, electricity in some parts of the district has not yet been restored and there were still some 200 people displaced in
nearby mosques and schools, though the weather conditions were improving and some evacuated people were returning to their homes. Medical teams are available for the residents and all health needs are at present being met. As many of the public buildings and some houses were destroyed, building materials such as nails and wooden planks are needed. It is also reported that the Pariaman area, where 6 people have been killed with over 6,000 people displaced, is still difficult to reach and assistance is arriving slowly. There is still a need for food and medical assistance in the district. In Pesisir Selatan, Solok, Kota Padang and Kurao which the assessment team visited, little remaining damage caused by the landslides and flooding was observed though some 50 people were reportedly killed by the disaster. According to a report provided by another UN representative who joined
the Government mission to North Sumatra and Aceh, the disaster left 20 people dead in both provinces. In North Sumatra, houses and the road network were damaged. In Aceh, the floods have receded since 25 November and electricity and telephone lines have been restored. An official report available to date indicates that the floods in Aceh damaged 2,200 houses and affected over 388,000 people.(CWS) Those wishing to support the effort for this emergency should forward financial donations to account #6999 Call the CWS HOTLINE for updates: (800) 297-1516, ext. 111. For further information about disasters to which Church World Service is responding, contact CWS Emergency Response. Telephone: (212) 870-3151 Email: cherlinger@ncccusa.org  After-hours emergency pager: (800) 780-0853 Web site: www.cwserp.org 

                                Typhoons Reming and Seniang 2000
Status: Recovery.  November 10 (ACT) In a span of seven days two destructive typhoons have swept through the Bicol, Southern Tagalog, Metro Manila, Central and Northern Luzon and Eastern Visayas regions of the Philippines. Typhoon Reming (international code name Xangsane) left 40 people dead, 249 injured and 66 missing. The Office of Civil Defense reported that Xangsane caused extensive damage to property and infrastructure and forced more than 118,000 people to flee their homes. A total of 472,000 families or two million individuals were affected in nine regions. Typhoon Seniang (international code name Bebinca) struck the country on 2 and 3 November, less than a week after Typhoon Xangsane.  Bebinca left 43 people dead and more victims of landslides and drowning were reported. It affected at least 127,000 families or 668,000 individuals in three regions. Both typhoons toppled tress, cut power lines, triggered landslides and flooded many areas. Many houses were totally damaged especially in the poor rural and urban areas. According to the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration, statistics show that an average of three typhoons affect the Philippines in October, two in November and one in December.  At present there is an active low pressure in the Southern Mindanao region. ACT member, the National Council of Churches in the Philippines (NCCP) has prioritised the Bicol Region along with Central and Southern Tagalog which were the most severely hit by the two typhoons. They have set up an emergency operations centre in Naga City to assist churches in the Bicol Region while the national office will assist Central Luzon and Southern Tagalog. Contact: ACT Co-ordinator, Thor-Arne Prois (phone ++41 22 791 6033 or mobile phone ++ 41 79 203 6055) or ACT Appeals Officer, Neville Pradhan (phone ++41 22 791 6035 or mobile phone ++41 79 285 2916)

Epidemic of Haemorrhagic Dengue 2000

Status: Response:.  October 27 (ACT) :The Government of El Salvador has declared a national emergency due to an epidemic of haemorrhagic dengue that has affected a large area of El Salvador. Approximately 500 cases of dengue are reported every day including strains such as types II and III, as well as other cases of classic and haemorrhagic dengue. The haemorrhagic strain of dengue has so far produced 35 deaths, 33 of these being children.  Background: In September and October 2000 El Salvador suffered heavy rain fall causing many rivers to burst their banks and consequently floods in both rural and urban areas. This has provoked the warm and damp conditions ideal for the development of the host-mosquito. In mid-October, the Benjamin Bloom Children's Hospital reported that 1,800children were being treated for classic dengue and 284 for haemorrhagic dengue. Most of the data reflects the behavior of the epidemic in the urban areas, but in the rural areas it has been very difficult to carry out a census, given that in many cases there are no clinics or the patients do not attend the clinics. Currently, there is proliferation of the fever in various areas including the municipalities of Mercedes Umana and Berlin. In the municipalities of San Francisco Javier, San Agustin, Jiquilisco, 18 cases have been reported and other municipalities have reported the convergence of classic and hemorragic dengue.
Dengue Fever General Data: Dengue is a feverish illness caused by a virus and is manifested by daily
fevers, headaches, muscular and joint pains and sometimes by skin outbreaks. Furthermore, it can be presented by serious haemorrhaging in different parts of the body that may cause death. The new strain,
haemorrhagic dengue, is resistant to any known dengue treatment.
Haemorrhagic dengue is transmitted through the mosquito Aedes Aegypti which, in the ovarian state, can survive between 12 and 24 months and is resistant to any vaccine or other treatment currently available. The only way to control the illness is to organise and mobilise communities to stem the proliferation of the mosquitoes along with dengue mitigation programmes. Latin America has long been affected by dengue fever and at present there are around 250,000 cases in all, with Brazil at the top of the list with 75,000 cases. 

                        Hurricane Keith and Flooding 2000
Status: Recovery.  November 9 (OCHO) : The districts affected by the intense rain and high winds of Hurricane Keith are Orange Walk, Corazal and Belize. The Government is targeting its appeal for urgent reconstruction of houses on the islands of San Pedro and Caye Caulker, and the city of Belize, all in the Belize District. It is estimated that 900 homes have to be built to replace those destroyed or severely damaged in such a way as to minimize future reoccurrence of comparable levels of damage in similar natural disasters. Approximately, 4,500 people will benefit from this reconstruction plan.Funds and Donations: OCHA is prepared to serve as channel for cash contributions to be used for immediate relief assistance, in coordination/consultation with relevant organizations in the United Nations system. Funds should be transferred to OCHA account No. CO-590.160.0, Swift code: UBSWCHZ12A at the UBS AG, P.O. Box 2770, CH-1211 Geneva 2, with reference: OCHA ? Belize - Hurricane "Keith". OCHA provides donors with written confirmation and pertinent details concerning the utilization of the funds contributed. CHURCH WORLD SERVICE, Attn. Belize/Hurricane Keith, #6724 for $20,000, P.O. Box 968, Elkhart, IN 46515. Phone pledges or credit card donations: 1-800-297-1516, ext. 222. On-line contributions to: http://www.churchworldservice.org 

                       Hurricane Keith and Flooding 2000
Status:Recovery.  October 12 : (ACT) Overview- Belize is the most affected country with an estimated 40% of the total population (100,000 habitants) being affected. 3,296 people were displaced and 1,200 are in shelters. After Belize, the impoverished country of Nicaragua was the worst affected, with the departments of Leon, Chinandega, Managua, Granada and Rivas being the most ravaged. Ten persons are reported dead and some 5,200 people have been evacuated to local schools which are being used as temporary shelters. It is estimated that 80% of the crops of the affected areas has been lost. CIETTS and the Lutheran Church of Nicaragua have been providing immediate relief assistance to the affected population and are preparing a request to the network for the post-crisis phase.

                                 Flooding - August 2000
Status: Recovery. Jan 13 2001 : (WFP) The allocation of food aid to cover immediate shortages resulting from the recent flood is well underway. The support is targeted to the most vulnerable groups in the five most-affected provinces in central and southern Laos. The initial supply of 2,931 tons of glutinous rice is
reaching an estimated 97,700 beneficiaries in as much as 265 different villages. WFP hopes to resource a total of 8,160 tons of rice, of which 4,173 tons have already been confirmed. (USAID) Background: In mid-August, Typhoon Keimi swept through southern Laos resulting in flooding in three districts of Saravanne Province. As Laos was coping with the August rain, Typhoon Wukong hit central and southern Laos in early September, affecting Borikhamky, Khammouane, Savannakhet, Saravanne, and Champasack provinces. The U.S Embassy in Vientiane reports that the floods have affected more than 1,000 villages and approximately 400,000 people. Nine deaths have been reported to date, with minimal damage to personal property and food stocks due to the slow rise of floodwaters. However, WFP reports that the floodwaters have destroyed about 180,000 MT of rice or more than eight percent of the total rice crop. In response to an emergency operation approved in October, WFP purchased 520 MT of rice for distribution to 17,000 flood-affected people. A revised emergency operation, approved in November, permits WFP to distribute 8,160 MT of food to 103,000 people. Although floodwaters are receding, some stagnant pools remain. The U.S. Embassy also reports that contaminated water is a critical problem and the Ministry of Health has warned that there is an increased risk of waterborne diseases in affected villages.(CWS) Since July, heavy monsoon rains - twice the average - have hit Thailand, Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia, resulting in extensive flooding of the entire Mekong watershed area. In fact, the floods this year, coming 45 days earlier than the usual seasonal floods, have been coupled with continuous rainfall in Cambodia since August, resulting in the worst floods in three decades. The flooding has made it extremely difficult to accurately assess the scope and extent of the damage caused by the floods, but the damage has been extensive, causing major damage to homes and businesses, transportation, irrigation, community water supply, communication infrastructures, schools and health centers. CHURCH WORLD SERVICE, Attn. Southeast Asia Flooding, #6919 for $386,680, P.O. Box 968, Elkhart, IN 46515. Phone pledges or credit card donations: 1-800-297-1516, ext. 222. On-line contributions to: http://www.churchworldservice.org  Call the CWS HOTLINE for updates: (800) 297-1516, ext. 111.

                                Flooding - 2000
Status: Recovery.  November 16 : (USAID) As of October 25, the National Committee for Disaster Management reports that the floods have killed 333 people and affected 3,448,629 million people along the Mekong and Tonle Sap rivers in central and southern Cambodia. Furthermore, the Committee reports that 21 provinces and some 131 districts have experienced flooding. The worst-affected provinces are those located in the southeast region, namely Kandal, Kompong Cham, Prey Veng, Takeo, and Svey Rieng. While the floodwaters are receding in some areas, flash floods occurred recently in the provinces of Kampong, Speu, Kandal, Pursat and the municipality of Phnom Penh. According to the National Committee for Disaster Management, approximately 84,000 families or 387,365 people have evacuated to higher ground since July. Most of these people remain displaced; however, some families are attempting to return home as floodwaters recede.  (WFP )WFP has already distributed 800 tons of rice to some 16,000 families most affected by the flood, through an immediate response EMOP, worth USD 200,000. A new, expanded EMOP was approved in mid-October, at a total value of over USD 9 million, for a period of six-months (October to March). This operation will be carried out in three phases: (i): emergency distributions of 5,150 tons of food to 500,000 affected people for one month; (ii) stabilisation distributions of 5,350 tons of food to 250,000 people for two months, to facilitate resumption of their normal lives; (iii) rehabilitation distributions of 4,815 tons of food to 115,000 most vulnerable people over a period of three months, through FFW activities in repair works).

                              Typhoons Prapiroon and Saomai
Status: Recovery.  November 13 : (WFP) WFP/FAO Crop and Food Supply Assessment mission took place between 14 and 21 October. The mission report is expected shortly. The findings of the mission are expected to form the basis for preparing the WFP Programme in DPR Korea next year.
                          Monsoon Rainfall and flooding
Status: Recovery.  October 26 : (USAID) Heavy rainfall in the upper tributary catchments of the Kosi and Bhramaputra rivers caused a preliminary wave of severe flooding in Assam and Bihar provinces in northern India during July and August. The Government of India (GOI) reports that 3.6 million people from 3,747 villages in 18 districts in the province of Assam were affected by the flooding. The GOI also reports that total damage to agricultural land was 224,252 hectares in Assam and 268,000 hectares in Bihar. The UNDP reports 157 people were killed and 6.8 million people were affected due to flooding in thirty-one districts of Bihar. In addition, the floodwaters damaged or destroyed 74,352 houses and interrupted transportation and communication links in many of the districts. In addition to significant flooding in Assam and Bihar, monsoons in August also led to flooding in the provinces of Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, and in the city of Hydrabhad. Heavy monsoons from September 17 - 21, exacerbated by the release of water from swelling dams, caused a subsequent wave of severe flooding throughout eastern India, particularly affecting the province of West Bengal. Media reports estimate more than 1,200 deaths and 18.5 million people affected in West Bengal due to the floods. (OCHO) Heavy rainfall in the upper tributary catchments of the Kosi and Bhramaputra rivers caused a preliminary wave of severe flooding in Assam and Bihar provinces in northern India during July and August.
The Government of India (GOI) reports that 3.6 million people in 18 districts of Assam were affected while 6.8 million people from 31 districts of Bihar were affected by the flooding. The GOI also reports that damage to agricultural land amounted to 224,252 hectares in Assam and 268,000 hectares in Bihar. Furthermore, the U.N. Development Program (UNDP) reports that hundreds of people were killed, tens of thousands of houses were affected, and transportation and communication linkages were disrupted in both Bihar and
Assam. Monsoons in September led to a second wave of flooding in the provinces of Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal, and in the city of Hydrabhad. Particularly heavy monsoon rains from September 17-21,
exacerbated by the release of water from swelling dams, significantly affected eastern India, most notably West Bengal. As of October 24, the U.N. Children's Fund (UNICEF) reports that 68 municipalities in West Bengal have been affected, with 1,262 persons killed, more than 18 million people affected, over 4 million people
evacuated, and some 21,484 relief centers established. In addition, UNICEF reports that 1,886,976 houses, 2,375,636 hectares of cropland, and 8,187 primary schools are either damaged or destroyed. Furthermore,
UNICEF reports that 1,345 health facilities and 3,240 km of national and state highways and district roads are damaged while over 450 km of railway are destroyed. Flooding in West Bengal also significantly impacted the
livestock industry in West Bengal, killing cattle, goats, sheep, and poultry. (ACT) The worst affected districts are Birbhum and Murshidabad, where 200 and 184 people have been reported dead. Of 17 million people affected, 4.7 million are from Murshidabad and one million from Birbhum. According to the state relief ministry, about 3.4 million people in Nadia have been rendered homeless. Many low-lying areas of Calcutta were submerged after the Hooghly experienced over six metres of high tide. According to the state government, property worth US$ 700 million has been damaged due to this flood. Rampurhat in Birbhum recorded the highest rainfall of 175 mm in 72 hours. Air dropping of relief supplies is continuing in Rampurhaat and Murshidabad district. The Panagarh-Morigram Expressway, built at a cost of nearly US$ 30 million and which had been opened only recently, has been breached, breaking road links between Burdwan and Birbhum districts. The flood situation in other districts is equally grim due to incessant rain and floods. Immediate relief measures have been taken up in the priority areas with distribution of food and clothing. Of equal importance are rehabilitation needs covering multi-purpose disaster shelters and tube wells for safe drinking water. This rehabilitation will address the physical infrastructure needs in view of the disaster prone characteristics of the affected districts.
                               Floods -2000
Status: Recovery.  December 4  (WFP) The flood affected the two western districts of Rajshahi and Chapai
Nawabganj and the seven southwestern districts of Satkhira, Chuadanga, Jessore, Meherpur, Kushtia, Jhenaidah and Magura. The overall flood situation has improved including in the districts of Satkhira and Jessore where some parts were still submerged last week. In these areas, unlike other parts of Bangladesh, floods have not occurred for over 60 years. Therefore, the population was not prepared for this kind of crisis,
resulting in extensive material and crop damage.  Most of the people who were in temporary shelters have returned to their homes, with the exception of 50,000 people in 75 camps in Satkhira, which is the worst affected district.

                                          October Floods of 2000

Status: Recovery.  December 23 : (USAID) The most affected provinces are An Giang, Long An, Dong Thap, Kien Gang, Tien Gang, Vingh Long, and Can Tho. High waters also reached the outskirts of Ho Chi Minh City and Da Nang. As of October 20, the OCHA reports at least 460 deaths, 5 million people affected, and 670,000 displaced or in urgent need of relocation. According to the UNDP, at least 256 of the deaths were children. The UNDP also reports that flooding affected approximately 814,000 families; 800,000 houses; 800,000 schools and classrooms; 10,000 kilometers of road; 13,000 bridges; and thousands of handicraft factories. Furthermore, the UNDP reports that the flooding has affected 163,500 hectares rice and subsidiary crops and delayed the planting season for the next crop cycle. (OCHO)Although floodwaters in the Mekong Delta are receding, and should continue to abate through November and December, they nonetheless exceed
the average level for this time of year. Water levels in rivers flowing through the provinces from Thua Thien Hue to Binh Dinh are still on the rise and are considered highly dangerous in some cases. For instance,
floodwaters measured at Tra Khuc gauging station on 12 November reached 0.63 metres above Alarm Level III. Rivers running through the plains and highlands of central Vietnam are fluctuating at present. The population of the Mekong Delta continues to suffer the consequences of the floods: Judging from a UNICEF report issued on 6 November, this disaster continues to affect huge numbers of the population and is entering into a
phase in which the health risk may well escalate. Up to 4 million people are homeless or have insufficient shelter, and more and more families are abandoning their wrecked homes. As floodwaters start to recede affected communities are at increased risk of contracting diarrhea, cholera, dengue fever and malaria. The Red
Cross has expressed concern that the majority of displaced families are consuming river water and therefore heightening their exposure to water-borne diseases, including diarrheal dehydration which is a grave
threat to children's health. Donations can be made directly to this Fund or through OCHA which is also available to serve as channel for un-earmarked contributions. OCHA will provide donors with written confirmation and pertinent details concerning the utilization of the funds contributed. Funds channelled through OCHA should be transferred to OCHA account No. CO-590.160.0, Swift code: UBSWCHZ12A at the UBS AG, P.O. Box 2770, CH-1211 Geneva 2, with reference: OCHA - Viet Nam - Floods. (WFP) WFP is ending its food aid operations in Vietnam on 31 December, after 25 years. The closure follows a careful food needs assessment in the country. Vietnam has progressed from being a significant importer of rice in the early 1980s to the world's second-largest rice exporter this year. Poverty has been reduced from affecting more than 70 percent of the population in the mid-1980s, to a current rate of about 37 percent. Average per capita income has more than doubled over the same period.

                                    Floods and Earthquakes 

Status: Recovery.  July 1.  See Complex Disasters Below.  New Earthquake - (OCHO) An Earthquake of 7.3 magnitude struck Sumatra, 4 June causing serious damage in the Sumatra Provincial Capital City of Kengkulu. SITUATION: Despite the magnitude and duration of the original tremor and the number of major aftershocks, the number of casualties was fairly low and the amount of damage remarkably light. Bengkulu province is a fertile and relatively rich province which, although lacking major manufacturing resources, should have the resources to recover in a relatively short period.  Last casualty figures reported from the provincial government: Dead: 90 Seriously injured: 612 Slightly injured: 1,562 Damage to houses: Completely destroyed: 352 Partially damaged: 669 AfterShock: Magnitude: 6.6 on the Richter scale Date/Time: 06.45 hrs on 8 June (local time) / 23.45 hrs on 7 June (GMT) Location: latitude 4.6 degrees south / longitude 101.8 degrees east Damage: no reports of damage or casualties have been received to date. (OCHO) The flood situation in West Timor  was one of the worst in a generation. 124 people, almost half of them East Timorese refugees with many women and children amongst them, have died in the floods.  Past Earthquakes: A succession of strong earthquakes shook the eastern part of the Indonesian province of Central Sulawesi on 14 and 15 May. This same province had been struck by an even more powerful earthquake, followed by a tsunami, on 4 May, and suffered heavy casualties in that earlier disaster. According to the United States Geological Survey, the strongest of the latest series of shocks occurred at 20.08 hrs GMT on 14 May, or 04.08 hrs local time on 15 May, and measured 6.2 on the Richter scale. No damage and/or victims were reported as a result of these earthquakes.
OCHO Contacts - Telephone: +41-22-917 12 34  Fax: +41-22-917 00 23
E-mail: ochagva@un.org  In case of emergency only: Tel. +41-22-917 20 10 Desk Officers: Ms. S. Metzner-Strack / Mr. R. Mueller / Mr. S. Matsuka
Direct Tel. +41-22-917 21 44 / 31 31 / 40 34 Press contact: (in GVA) Mr. Donato Kiniger-Passigli, direct Tel. +41-22-917 26 53 (in NY) Ms. Phyllis Lee, direct Tel. +1-212-963 48 32

                                          Drought

Status: Ongoing.June 13 (WFP)FAO/WFP Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission estimated food deficit for 2000/2001 crop year in Afghanistan as 2.3 million tons, as result of failure of winter and spring rains in 1999/200, more than double the record high level of 1.1 million tons for 1999/2000.Report available at:
http://www.fao.org/WAICENT/faoinfo/economic/giews/english/alertes/2000/SAAFG600.htm  
(OCHO) Southern Afghanistan is suffering from the worst drought since 1971. The current drought is reported to be a part of the wider climatic phenomenon affecting countries in South Asia across to the Near East and the Greater Horn of Africa. Unsatisfactory rainfall in 1998 and 1999 followed by unusually dry weather with far below average precipitation in recent months are root causes of the widespread aridity in the region.  OCHA is prepared to serve as a channel for cash contributions to be used for immediate relief assistance, in coordination/consultation with relevant organizations in the United Nations system. Funds should be transferred to OCHA account No. CO-590.160.0, Swift code: UBSWCHZ12A at the UBS AG, P.O. Box 2770, CH-1211 Geneva 2, with reference: OCHA - Afghanistan - Drought. OCHA provides donors with written confirmation and pertinent details concerning the utilization of the funds contributed. 

                                            Drought

Status: Ongoing. June 27 - (WFP) According to the Government of India, eleven states are experiencing drought of varying severity, with Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Rajasthan being worst affected. Food security continues to be a critical concern in Gujarat and Rajasthan, and the situation is likely to deteriorate further in the coming weeks and months with the projected dry spell. More than 90 million people in Rajasthan, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh alone are in the grip of the severe drought. A total of 23,406 villages in 26 out of 32 districts (administrative regions) in the state have been officially designated by Government of Rajasthan (GOR) as drought affected, home to an estimated 35 million cattle and 26 million people (59 per cent of the state's total population) The most seriously affected states are those of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya, Pradesh, Andhra, Pradesh, and Orissa  (See Horn of Africa and SW Asia below)

                                            Drought

Status: Ongoing. July 21  (OCHO) In Baluchistan province, it is estimated that 1.5 million people, 10.65 million livestock have been affected and 2.18 million livestock have perished. In Sindh province, it is estimated that 700,000 people and 5 million livestock have been affected. More than 120 persons and 30,000
livestock have lost their lives. A recent FAO/WFP crop and food supply assessment estimates 2000-2001 cereal output in Baluchistan at 1.2 million tons, 20% below average. The drought has also devastated livestock
production, on which some 70% of the people depend on for their livelihood. (See Horn of Africa and SW Asia below)

                                            Flooding 

Status: Recovery.  June 27 - (ACT) Ocha Contacts: Telephone: +41-22-917 12 34 Fax: +41-22-917 00 23Email: ochagva@un.org  In case of emergency only: Tel. +41-22-917 20 10 Desk Officers (OCHA) Mr. Sergio Piazzi, Mr. Dusan Zupka, Disaster Response Branch): Tel: +41-22-9173518  Tel: + 41-22-9171645  Press contact: Internet Website Mr.Donato Kiniger-Passigli, direct Tel. +41-22-917 26 53 
Donors are requested to co-ordinate directly with the Operational Point of Contact in the affected area. Organization: County Commission for Defense against Disasters in Times County. Telephone: + 40-56-194.045 + 40-56-194.045 + 40-56-304.273 Fax. + 40-56-194.432 Operation: 24 hours    And /or Organization: Romanian Civil Protection Command, Telephone: + 40-1-311.0265 Fax: + 40-1-311.0265 Operation: 24 hours.

Cyclones Leone/ Eline/Hudah and Floods

Status: Recovery.  October 28 : (IRIN) The National Disaster Management Institute (INGC) in Mozambique has begun making preparations for possible flooding during the coming rainy season.
INGC director, Silvano Langa, said this week meetings had already been held with British and French military specialists. UN agencies have been sending teams on field visits to assess what could be done in the event of a repeat of the catastrophic flooding that hit southern and central Mozambique in February. 

Maps and WWW Links:
http://www.reliefweb.int/mapc/afr_sth/cnt/moz/moz_wfp.html  
http://www.reliefweb.int  (Click on Map Centre)
http://fullcoverage.yahoo.com/fc/World/Mozambique/ 
http://www.un.org/Depts/Cartographic/english/htmain.htm  
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/Libs/PCL/Map_collection/  
http://www.vita.org/safflud.htm
http://www.reliefweb.int/IRIN/sa/countrystories/mozambique/20000309.htm

Drought  (Cyclones Leone/ Eline/Hudah and Floods)

Status: Recovery  Oct 18  (IRIN )The number of people receiving food aid following devastating floods in
Mozambique earlier this year has been reduced from half a million in July to some 200,000, WFP said in a statement on Monday. In September, the agency said it had delivered over 3,700 mt of food in Mozambique. 
"Agricultural surveys and assessment missions carried out by the government and WFP predicted poor crop prospects for the first and second growing seasons," it said. "WFP field staff report that crops do not seem to be
doing very well and that the bulk of the harvest will most probably be used for local consumption." Background: Cyclones Eline and Gloria hit the central and northern regions of Madagascar in the middle of February and at the beginning of March respectively. The Government's National Relief Council (le Conseil National de Secours:CNS) estimated that 736,937 persons were affected, of which 184,831 persons were in need of emergency relief assistance. On 2 and 3 April, cyclone Hudah brought heavy rains and caused
flooding in the northern towns of Antalaha, Andapa and Maroansetra, affecting 369,271 persons. Overall, 1,106,208 were affected, and some 295,613 persons were reported to be in need of immediate relief
assistance. Details and photographs taken during the initial survey can be seen on a website supported by the French chapter of Medecins sans Frontieres (MSF): http://www.lk-oi.com/hudah/en/index.htm  
OCHO Contacts: Telephone: +41-22-917 1234 Fax: +41-22-917 0023
In case of emergency Tel. +41-22-917 20 10 only.  Email: ochagva@un.org 

Cyclones Leone/ Eline and Floods

Status: Recovery. Oct 21- IRIN Human rights groups in Zimbabwe have accused the army of using excessive
force in suppressing food riots in Harare as the capital returned to relative calm on Thursday after three days of street protests over rising food costs.(CWS) Estimates:  500,000 people were affected by this disaster. More than 80 people died as a result of flooding in four provinces of Zimbabwe, a further 20,000 households were displaced. (OCHA) Areas affected include Chiredzi, in Masvingo Province, Plumtree in Matebeleland, South Province, and Chipingeand, Chimanimani in Manicaland.  See Complex Emergencies Below.
http://www.reliefweb.int/IRIN/sa/countrystories/zimbabwe/20000306a.ht 
                           Cyclones Leone/ Eline and Floods 
Status: Recovery. July 1 - (IRIN)"In view of the fact that the emergency phase has ended, no more situation reports are envisaged at this stage." "The Director of the Office of the National Disaster Management (in Botswana) indicated the cumulative number of damaged houses was 17,796 and the estimated number of displaced people was 106,776," 
                        Cyclone Leone/Eline and Floods 
Status: Recovery. July 1- (USAID/Pretori) Floods resulted in the death of approximately 100 people in South Africa.  Four of South Africa's nine provinces (Mpumalanga, Northern, Kwa-Zulu Natal, and Gauteng) were hard hit. The combined population of these areas is approximately 1.5 million. The South African Cabinet set up a command centre focusing on flood ravaged areas in the north and northeast of the country.  IRIN-SA - Tel: +2711 880 4633 Fax: +2711 447 5472 Email: irin-sa@irin.org.za  
                                                 Floods 
Status: Recovery. July 1- (ACT) Churches Action in Relief and Development (CARD) would like to respond in the post crisis phase of the floods that affected Malawi in the third week of March this year through the provision of relief food and agricultural seeds for food production. CARD had expressed willingness to respond during the crisis phase but lacked sufficient information and data of the floods to put forward a good proposal for an ACT appeal. IRIN-SA - Tel: +2711 880 4633 Fax: +2711 447 5472 Email: irin-sa@irin.org.za   http://www.reliefweb.int/IRIN/sa/countrystories/other/20000328.htm 
                                   Dzud /Drought
Status: Ongoing. July 17 -(VITA) Mongolian herders experienced their worst winter for 30 years. This is the consequence of a "multiple dzud" which is the cumulative result of last summer's drought and heavy snowstorms. Around 452,000 herders in this country with a total population of 2.6 million are directly affected by the dzud. (OCHA)According to the figures released by the State Emergency Commission (SEC), on 1 June 2000, 2,399,200 animals have died (7.3 percent of the total national livestock population). This is a significant loss in a country where animal husbandry represents more than 30 percent of the gross domestic product and on which one third of the population directly depends for food, transportation, heating material (animal dung) and purchasing power. This loss has directly resulted in severe socio-economic damage throughout the country.See OCHA Internet Website at http://www.reliefweb.int  as well as on the UNDMT Ulaanbaatar Website at http://www.un-mongolia.mn/news/disaster/index.html 
                              Floods -December 1999
Status: Recovery. 20 May 2000, Websites: Vita   National Emergency Committee, Ministry of Foreign Affairs/ United Nations    USGS Slide Show on Flashflood and Landslide Disaster. Status: Recovery  Situation: (OCHA) Heavy rains triggered landslides and over flowed main rivers and mountain streams, affecting in particular the coastal regions from the eastern State of Anzoategui to the State of Zulia on the west coast. Unofficial sources estimate that between 25,000 and 50,000 people died and over 600,000 persons were affected since the floods began in December 1999.  (ACT) 1 August 2000 It is estimated that the worst disaster in the country for fifty years left: 50,000 deaths, 331,164 persons affected, 96,000 houses damaged or destroyed, 230,000 jobs lost and considerable economic damage to the country. ACT Appeal LAVE01 was issued on 5 January to provide short-term emergency assistance to 1,000 vulnerable families affected by the floods in Venezuela. The Lutheran Church of Venezuela, The Presbyterian Church of Venezuela and Ecumenical Action (NGO related to the Lutheran Church) assisted 1,874 affected families in the emergency phase which concluded in May 2000. They are now proposing to work in the rehabilitation phase with the affected population who have not been included in the official rehabilitation programs. Donors who wish to provide assistance should contact the Pan American Health Organization, Washington for further details : phone : +1 202 974 35 20 , fax : +1 202 775 45 78. Funds should be transferred to OCHA account No. CO-590.160.0, Swift code: UBSWCHZ12A at the UBS AG, P.O. Box 2770, CH-1211 Geneva 2, with reference: OCHA provides donors with written confirmation and pertinent details concerning the utilization of the funds contributed.  OCHA Media Contact: Mr. Donato Kiniger-Passigli, direct tel: +41-22-917-2653 Telex 41 42 42 Fax: + 41 22 917 0023  Email: ochagva@un.org  Church World Service contact CWS Emergency Response. Telephone: (212) 870-3151 Email: chris@ncccusa.org  After-hours emergency pager: (800) 780-0853.  CWS SITREP Updates (800) 297-1516, ext. 111.  ACT Co-ordinator, Miriam Lutz (phone ++41 22 791 6033 or mobile phone ++41 79 203 6055) or ACT Appeals Officer, Elsa Moreno (phone ++41 22 7916420)  USAID Hotline 1-800-872-4373 InterAction 202-667-8227x106, www.interaction.org  Volunteers in Technical Assistance's (VITA) 703-276-1914. Radio Club Venezolano club station YV5AJ and National Emergency Net Station YV5RNE are on the air on the official emergency frequency 7090 kHz as well as on local 2-meter repeaters and monitoring 146.580 simplex.
                        Earthquake - August 1999
Status: Recovery. (ACT) (Jan 2001 Update) On 17 August 1999 and again on 12 November 1999 earthquakes measuring 7.4 and 7.1 on the Richter scale, respectively, hit Turkey in areas east of Istanbul.  The first earthquake rocked the Marmara Region of Turkey.  The second earthquake occurred on the North Anatolian Fault Zone (NAFZ) with a macro-seismic epicentre near the town of Golcuk (Kocaeli Province) in the western part of Turkey. With a great deal of the emergency needs now met, the government, local
and international agencies and NGOs are focussing their efforts from relief to recovery operations. There is currently a considerable need for reconstruction and rehabilitation projects targeting the most vulnerable
communities and earthquake survivors.  Over a year after the first earthquake, many families are just now beginning to rebuild their lives and return to a degree of normalcy.  However, for many others still living
in tents and makeshift shelters, the winter will continue to challenge their daily means of living and subsistence.
                                       Floods - 1999
Status: Recovery.  Website: UNDP  The worst flooding in Vietnam this century  killed nearly 550 people and affected eight provinces. Property damage was reported to be around $51 million, with some 1 million homes damaged and 185,000 acres of paddy fields either destroyed or damaged. More than 8,346 houses were destroyed and another 604,204 damaged, with some 15,000 people evacuated. Funds should be transferred to OCHA account No. CO-590.160.0, Swift code: UBSWCHZ-12A at the UBS AG, P.O. Box 2770, CH - 1211 Geneva, with reference: OCHA - Vietnam - Floods. 

Floods - 1999

Status: Recovery. (OCHO) Heavy rains caused severe flooding in three northern regions in Ghana killing at least 70 people and displacing more than 280,000 persons. Humanitarian funds should be transferred to OCHA Account No. CO-590.160.1 at the UBS AG, PO Box 2770, CH-1211 Geneva 2, Switzerland, with reference: OCHA -Ghana Floods 1999.

Volcano - 1999

Status: Response and recovery. (PAHO) Tungurahua Volcano (120 km south of Quito)  Authorities  initially ordered  the preventive evacuation of approximately 15,000 persons living in high risk areas like the towns of Banos (a popular tourist town), Penipe, Puela and Bilboa. Appeal for international assistance: Alternatives for mid term shelters for six to seven thousand persons. Authorities expect this emergency will last 20 months.  ACT Coordinator, Miriam Lutz (phone ++41 22 791 6033 or mobile phone ++ 41 79 203 6055) or the Latin America and Caribbean appeals officer (a.i.), Elsa Moreno (phone ++41 22 791 6031)The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) has prepared a list of medical supplies that can be consulted upon request. For further contacts with PAHO/WHO, interested donors may use the following contact numbers: PAHO/WHO - Washington D.C., : Phone:1-202-974-35.20/27 / Fax 1-202-775-45.78

Floods -  September 1999

Status: Recovery. (OCHA)The worst flooding to hit Mexico in 40 years. Worst affected states were Veracruz, Puebla, Tabasco, Oaxaca and Hidalgo, where some 530,000 were affected.  Estimates indicate that at least 476 persons lost their lives.  In the Oaxaca state only, the compounded effect of the earthquake, magnitude of 7.4 on the Richter scale, which hit the region on 30 September 1999 and floods, had a devastating impact, affecting more than 250,000 persons. 
                                  Earthquake - September 1999
(OCHA) On 15 September 1999, the General Secretariat for Civil Protection of the Greek Ministry of Interior released updated figures about the impact of the earthquake which hit the northern suburbs of Athens on 7 September 1999. The report stated that 136 persons were killed and 4 people were missing.  The General Secretariat for Civil Protection also reported that over 70,000 were homeless, and the total number of affected population is over 100,000. There were 7,746 buildings reported heavily damaged (under demolition) and 29,931 partly damaged (under repair), while 36 were fully collapsed. Several schools were reported as totally destroyed and four industrial plants totally damaged, with a number of small industrial plants partly damaged. Special Secretariat for Crisis Management at the Ministry of Interior (Operational Point of Contact) Tel No.: +30-1-324-8102, or +30-1-324-8089 or +30-1-335-9900, Fax No.:+30-1-335-9935.

Cyclone/Floods Novemeber 1999

Status: Recovery. Web sites (CWS), VITA and the World Food Progam  The Indian Government reported 15 million people affected. The death toll estimated at 9,803, with Jagatsinghpur district recording 8,119 victims.  A total of 1.711 million hectares of crops have been affected. The number of livestock to have perished is 406,000.. Contact: ACT Co-ordinator, Miriam Lutz (phone ++41 22 791 6033 or mobile phone ++ 41 79 203 6055) or ACT Appeals Officer, Neville Pradhan (phone +41 22 791 6035 or mobile phone ++ 41 79 285 2916) Send contributions through your communion/ denomination to account #976309 (ACT Appeal-India cyclone) or to Church World Service, P.O. Box 968, Elkhart IN 46515. Phone pledges or credit card donations: 1-800-297-1516, ext. 222. On-line contributions to: CWS Call the CWS HOTLINE for updates: (800) 297-1516, ext. 111.  Telephone: (212) 870-3151 E-mail: chris@ncccusa.org   After-hours emergency pager: (800) 780-0853

Earthquake  January 1999

Status: Recovery. (Source- ACT) On 25 January 1999, an earthquake registering 6 on the Richter Scale struck a mountainous region in the west-central part of Colombia's coffee growing area, one of the country's most developed regions. Among the 28towns that were affected, Armenia, the provincial capital of Quindio, was the worst hit. Official figures for the disaster were 1,186 deaths and 8,563 injuries. According to the Colombian Government census 35,972 houses were destroyed and 43,476 damaged. A total of 90,474 families were registered as homeless of which 35% were accommodated in camps, tents, or in provisional shelters in parks, sports fields, or in the streets. Almost all the schools were damaged or destroyed, along with many hospitals and health centres. ACT Co-ordinator, Thor-Arne Prois (phone ++41 22 791 6033 or mobile phone ++ 41 79 203 6055) or ACT Appeals Officer, Elsa Moreno (phone +41 22 791 6420)