Catastrophes and Alerts©2002

Current Response Information for, Nepal Floods/Landslides,  India Floods,  PR China Floods, Nambia Floods, Mexico Volcano Alert, Equidor Volcano Alert, Philippines Volcano Alert

Current International Disasters in Major Response

Updated: 2003 

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Other Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs)

Adventist Development and Relief Agency: 800-424-ADRA, http://www.adra.org

American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee: 212-885-0832, http://www.jdc.org

American Jewish World Service: 800-889-7146, http://www.ajws.org

B'nai B'rith International: 202-857-6533,http://www.bnaibrith.org

CARE: 800-521-CARE, http://www.care.org

Catholic Relief Services: 800-736-3467, http://www.catholicrelief.org

Christian Aid: 800-977-5650

Christian Children's Fund: 800-SPONSOR, http://www.christianchildrensfund.org

Christian Reformed World Relief Committee: 800-55-CRWRC, http://www.crwrc.org

Church World Service: 212-870-2167, http://www.churchworldservice.org

Concern Worldwide: 212-557-8000, http://www.concernusa.org


Direct Relief International: 805-964-4767, http://www.directrelief.org

Doctors Without Borders: 888-392-0392, http://www.doctorswithoutborders.org

Food for the Hungry: 800-2-HUNGER, http://www.fh.org

Lutheran World Relief: 800-LWR-LWR2, http://www.lwr.org

MAP International: 800-225-8550, http://www.map.org

Operation USA: 800-678-7255, http://www.opusa.org

Oxfam America: 800-77-OXFAM, http://www.oxfamamerica.org

Salvation Army World Service Office: 703-684-5528

United Methodist Committee on Relief: 800-554-8583, http://www.gbgm-umc.org

U.S. Fund for UNICEF: 800-FOR-KIDS

United Way International: 703-519-0092, http://www.uwint.org

World Concern: 800-755-5022, http://www.worldconcern.org

World Relief: 800-535-5433, http://www.worldrelief.org

World Vision: 888-56-CHILD, http://www.worldvision.org

 

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SEE DISASTER ARCHIVES for Past Disasters

 

Click on "Nepal " to get Country Information

Type of Incident: Flooding and Landslides, 17 July 03

Location: Nepal

Situation:   The United Nations Disaster Management Team (UNDMT) will meet early
next week to review the situation and to work closely with the international community and government agencies.

Government of Nepal: The Government of Nepal has been rescuing victims from disaster
affected areas, and providing them relief materials and financial assistance.

International Response: For coordination purposes, donors are requested to inform OCHA Geneva on relief missions/pledges/contributions and their corresponding values by item. The OCHA Standardized Contributions Recording Format for information on contributions may be found by clicking on Financial Tracking at the top of the page for this disaster on the OCHA Internet Website  http://www.reliefweb.int 

 

 

Click on "India " to get Country Information

Type of Incident: Flooding, beginning 13 June 03

Location: State of Assam, main Brahmaputra river.

Situation:  A total of 11 districts in the state have been hit by the floods.  The worst affected districts are Dhemaji, Haillakandi, Karimganj, Kamrup, Nalbari, Darrang, Dhubri and Goalpara, where 763 villages have been flooded. The first wave of floods began on 13 June, displaced 400,000 people, and then subsequently receded. A second wave of severe flooding began on Friday 27 June when the Brahmaputra River breached its banks at several places. The UNDP reported official sources as stating that at least 2.36
million people have been affected by the current floods.  According to the Ministry of Home Affairs, as of 14 July, 2953 villages in 20 districts in Assam have been hit by the floods.  Official government sources also
reported that a total of 7 people in Assam had been killed, although media sources report a much higher figure.  As of 15 July, state officials reported that while the Brahmaputra River's water levels are falling, the
river is flowing above the danger level in almost all areas.

Government of India: Army and civil authorities continues to help to evacuate people from the flood-affected areas to highland areas. The Federal Government is coordinating relief measures through the
National Disaster Management Division of MHA at the central level and producing regular situation reports for both Assam and Bihar. In Assam, army and civil authorities continue to evacuate people from
the flood-affected areas to highland areas. The State Government of Assam is distributing relief items to affected populations and has opened numerous relief camps throughout the flooded regions.  District
authorities are using boats for rescue and relief operations.  Mobile medical teams are using vans and boats to reach the most vulnerable populations.

International Response: UNDP continues to support the State Government efforts in assisting the
most vulnerable people of Dhemaji district. NGOs like Catholic Relief Services (CRS), World Vision International (WVI), Action Aid, and CASA are carrying out relief activities in various affected areas.  CASA and WVI are providing relief assistance to Barak Valley in Karimganj and Hailakandi districts.
For coordination purposes, donors are requested to inform OCHA Geneva on relief missions/pledges/contributions and their corresponding values by item. The OCHA Standardized Contributions Recording Format for information on contributions may be found by clicking on Financial Tracking at the top of the page for this disaster on the OCHA Internet Website  http://www.reliefweb.int 

 

Click on "China " to get Country Information

Type of Incident: Flooding

Location: Eastern part of China. notably the areas around the Huaihe River in three provinces of Anhui,
Jiangsu and Henan. 

Situation:  In Anhui province, the accumulated rainfall exceeded 500 mm at some areas, causing the largest floods since 1991. The Government is trying to avoid further major flooding by discharging water
from several points of the dyke along the Huaihe River. As of today, 13 people have been killed, 552,000 people evacuated, and 1.85 million people in 6,266 villages stranded by floods. In addition, 3.4 million hectares of crops have been affected, and 2 million hectares damaged.  A total of 58,000 housing units have collapsed and 180,000 units were damaged. The direct economic loss is estimated at CNY 7.16 billion
(USD 866 million).

Government of Peoples Republic of China: The Central Government has attached great importance to relief work responding to the flood disasters. The Party Secretary General and the Premier have made urgent instructions, and the Vice Premier visited the affected areas to direct the response and relief work. Various levels of governments have immediately launched emergency preparedness plans and
taken effective measures to assist the affected population.

International Response:  OCHA has not received any request for international assistance from
the Government.
 
For coordination purposes, donors are requested to inform OCHA Geneva on relief missions/pledges/contributions and their corresponding values by item. The OCHA Standardized Contributions Recording Format for information on contributions may be found by clicking on Financial Tracking at the top of the page for this disaster on the OCHA Internet Website  http://www.reliefweb.int 

 

Click on "Nambia " to get Country Information

Type of Incident: Flooding

Location: Nambia

Situation:  The floods, said to be the worst in 21 years, occurred when after few days of torrential rains the Zambezi River burst its banks thus submerging twenty-two villages. The authorities estimate that it will take six months for the water to completely recede to normal level. The floods, which displaced 12,000 people in the Kabbe and Katima rural constituencies, in the Caprivi region of northeastern Namibia in the
beginning of May, have started to subside.

Government of Nambia: On 5 June 2003 the Government of Namibia informed that affected
households will need food and non-food assistance until the end of August 2003 and solicited support for the provision of the following items:

  
       Big tents - capacity: 25/35 people, to serve as classrooms
         1,000 - jerry cans for potable water
         500 boxes - water purification tablets

International  Response: The British Red Cross contributed USD 11,480 in cash, the Embassy of
the Netherlands in Windhoek donated USD 12,000 in cash; UNICEF provided 100,000 water purification tablets, USAID donated USD 25,000 in cash and kind. On 17 June WFP started food distributions to the affected people. 12,000 beneficiaries in 22 villages will receive a two-month ration, while a third month ratio will be provided in July/August. Food aid has been arranged by the Government, and will be delivered by helicopter and boat where necessary. The water is currently receding and most areas are now
accessible by road.
For coordination purposes, donors are requested to inform OCHA Geneva on relief missions/pledges/contributions and their corresponding values by item. The OCHA Standardized Contributions Recording Format for information on contributions may be found by clicking on Financial Tracking at the top of the page for this disaster on the OCHA Internet Website  http://www.reliefweb.int 

 

Click on "Ecuador " to get Country Information

VOLCANO ALERT : (20 July 2003) .  (OCHA) The Permanent Representative of Ecuador met with the Director, OCHA Geneva, on 15 November 2002 to transmit the request made by the Government
of Ecuador for international assistance following the eruption of El Reventador volcano.

Location: The Tungurahua volcano is situated 180 Kilometers South of Quito at 5,020 meters above sea level. Its latest eruption began in October 1999 and prompted temporary evacuation of the town of Baños. Since then, the volcano's activity has been characterised by periods of intense activity, particularly in August 2001 and September 2002, combined with calmer periods.

Situation:  On 5 June 2003, a new period of intense volcanic activity began. Several explosions have been taking place and Strombolian activity has been visible at the volcano's summit. According to NOAA's Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre, the highest rising ash cloud reached approximately 9.4 km above sea level. Significant amounts of ash have fallen over several villages, including Pillate, Mocha, Cusúa, Juive, Quero, San Juan, Riobamba and Pelileo. According to information provided by the UN Resident Coordinator in Quito, based on a United Nations interagency assessment conducted between 26 and 28 June 2003, approximately 25,000 persons have been affected in Quero and Penipe. An extension of approximately 15,000 hectares of cultivated land and close to 19,000 heads of cattle have also been affected.

Governement of Ecuador:  On 3 July 2003, the President of Ecuador declared a State of Emergency in the seven cantons affected: Guano and Penipe in the province of Chimborazo and Cevallos, Mocha, Quero, Pelileo and Tisaleo in the province of Tungurahua. The alert level remained at Yellow in the town of Baños and at Orange for the rest of the population in the high-risk zone.

Requirements: In the past the Government of Ecuador requested international assistance in the
following areas: Ash removal, Health, Water, Electric Power Supply, Emergency Logistics
Emergency Communications, Agricultural Sector, Community Infrastructure, Monitoring Equipment, Architectural and Artistic Heritage

Contact: 
  
Amb. Juan Salazar Sancisi
   Director Ejecutivo del INECI
   (Instituto Ecuatoriano de Cooperacion Internacional)
   Av. 10 Agosto y Carrion Esquina
   Quito, Ecuador

   Tel.    +593-22-560-989
   Fax     +593-22-504-933 / 507 077
   Email   ineci@mmrree.gov.ec 
For coordination purposes, donors are requested to inform OCHA Geneva on relief missions/pledges/contributions and their corresponding values by item. The OCHA Standardized Contributions Recording Format for information on contributions may be found by clicking on Financial Tracking at the top of the page for this disaster on the OCHA Internet Website  http://www.reliefweb.int 

 

Click on "Papua New Guinea" to get Country Information

Type of Incident: Volcano

Location: The volcano continues to erupt, expelling steam and a thin vapour plume from vents near Mt. Pago's summit to the northwest over the Hoskins Peninsula. 

Date and Time: 5 August and Continuing

Situation: (OCHA):  Although steam and fumes are still being emitted from Mt. Pago's upper and lower vents, since early November the volcano has settled down and no ash emissions have been observed recently.  Lava continues to flow slowly from the northwestern-most vent of the fissure system, creating a
significant lava field within Witori Caldera.  Some volcanic earthquakes are still being recorded, but overall seismicity is at a low 'normal background' level for Witori Caldera.  There has been no noticeable ground
deformation in the last month, in contrast to the period between the start of the eruption and early November, when complex and significant movements were recorded. The Mt. Pago Volcano Monitoring Team at the new Kimbe Vulcanological Observatory (KVO) expects the vapour emission, lava flow, and slow deformation to continue, and they state that there is no threat from the current level and nature of eruption.  Its previously dynamic nature and experience from other similar volcanoes indicate that the character of the eruption may change. Acting on scientific advice following the lull in volcanic and seismic
activity, in November the West New Britain Provincial Administration began to encourage most of the 13,000 displaced people to return to their villages on the Hoskins Peninsula, if these were areas assessed as being of lower risk. The ongoing eruptions in New Britain, which include Tavurvur Volcano at Rabaul in the east and Mt. Ulawun as well as Mt. Pago in the west, also pose a hazard to aviation, necessitating the diversion and cancellation of many flights.

Government of Papua New Guinea (GOPNG): Aerial observation of the volcano has been suspended for the present, owing to financial constraints.  However, remote-sensing instruments are still in place, enabling continuous monitoring of the threat by staff of the KVO.  Technicians from Rabaul Vulcanological Observatory (RVO) and AusAID are currently installing equipment that will telemeter data from a
seismometer and an electronic tilt back to Rabaul in 'real-time', to enable vulcanologists to monitor from the main observatory in Rabaul. They have also produced a volcanic hazard map based on three scenarios; for a
large, intermediate, or small-scale eruption in the future.  The map is designed to assist the Provincial Disaster Committee (PDC) in managing the current emergency and in establishing longer-term contingency measures.

International Response: .  Although some food assistance has been made, the main need over the
next three to four months will be for food.  The few who are still displaced will continue to need rations, and the majority who have returned to their homes will probably need support until their new gardens have become productive.  During their 4 month absence in the 'care centres' the evacuees harvested from their existing gardens without replanting, partly because they believed that new crops could be poisoned
but also because it was difficult for them to get to their land.  This situation report, together with further information on this and other ongoing emergencies, is also available on the OCHA Internet Website at http://www.reliefweb.int 

Click on "Mexico " to get Country Information

VOLCANO ALERT : (6 February 2002) .  (OCHA) Colima volcanic complex is situated 450 kilometers west of Mexico City, in the border areas of the States of Colima and Jalisco. The Colima volcanic complex consists of two volcanoes, the Nevado de Colima (inactive)  in the north and the Volcano de Colima (active) in the south. The activity of the Volcano de Colima (19.51 N, 103.62 W) increased in October 2001. The Volcano de Colima has a 5-km-wide crater, breached to the south, that has been the source of large debris avalanches. Over the past few days, an increasingly growing dome has been observed from the city of
Colima. The activities of this volcano are monitored by the Observatorio Vulcanologico (Vulcanologic Observatory) of the University of Colima.  As a precautionary measure, the inhabitants (some 300 people) of La Yerbabuena (State of Colima), a village that lies at the base of the volcano, have been moved by the Army and the Red Cross to temporary shelters in the town of Comala. An alert is in force for an area within the radius of 11.5 kilometers from the top of the volcano.  The Government of Mexico has not requested international assistance.

Click on "Philippines" to get Country Information

VOLCANO ALERT - Current Situation (3 July 2001): Some 30,000 residents of Albay province in the Central Philippines were forced to flee their homes due to a violent eruption of Mayon volcano, known as one of 22 active volcanoes in the Philipinnes. After two weeks of increased volcanic activity, the Mayon exploded with a series of eruptions, directly affecting 19 villages in 7 towns by pieces of lava that ejected some 20 km up from the summit. Rapid reaction by local Governmental disaster bodies resulted in
establishment of 23 evacuation centers to provide accommodation to the people on move. However, in spite of the efficiency of the initial response, the needs are constantly and rapidly growing with the prolonged
eruption. Local population remains in need of food, clothes and hygiene items, in addition to primary health care to fight respiratory diseases caused by the disaster.
Background:  Mayon Volcano, located 215 miles southeast of Manila, last erupted in February 2000, when it tossed boulders as large as cars 1,640 feet into the sky.  Although no casualties were reported, more than 80,000 local residents were displaced. Considered the most active volcano in the Philippines, Mayon has had at least 43 eruptions since 1616.  The most violent eruption occurred in 1814 when flaming ash killed some 1,200 people. The most recent deadly eruption occurred in 1993, when 77 villagers were killed.  In comparison, Mount Pinatubo killed about 800 people in 1991 in one of the world's biggest volcanic blasts of the 20th century.  Mayon is located in rice- and coconut-growing Albay Province near the provincial capital of Legazpi.  Albay Province has a population of over 600,000 with over 140,000 residing in Legazpi at the foot of the  Mayon Volcano.