GLOBAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM ©2000

Updated: 28 December 2002

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Information Resources

Center for International Disaster Information CIDI
Current Global Emergencies & Disasters
Currency & Exchange Rates (CNN)
Earth Watch (World Wide Disaster Aid and Information)
European Community Humanitarian Office (ECHO) of  Disaster Preparedness
Enviref (Refugee SAT)
Global Intelligence Updates:   Email subscribe: alert@stratfor.com
The International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR)
IDNDR 2000 Campaign  Contact: Madeleine Moulin-Acevedo, IDNDR Secretariat, United Nations, Palais des Nations, CH-1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland; tel: (41-22) 917-9709 Email: madeleine.moulin-acevedo@dha.unicc.org 

International Emergency Phone Numbers

Langauge Dictionaries (Bucknell U)
United Nations (OCHA) Emergency Reports by Country
USAID Programs (Regions & Countries)
Gender and Disaster Network
Global Fire Monitoring Center
Global VSAT Forum         
OCHA Telecommunications
SITREPS:    VITA,  International Federation of Red Cross, INTERACTION
The World Clock (International Time)
Current Global Disaster Maps
State of the Planet (Discovery Channel)
World Map Library -University of Texas
UN Commission for Refugees (UNCHR)
US State Department Travel Warnings
World Watch (Air Security International - Airports)
World Meterological Organization (UN)

 

Global Disaster Information Network (GDIN) URL: http://gdin.org

 

Afica

Egypt: (Arab Republic of Egypt) Founded in 1936/1982.  Area is 386,660 square miles. Capital is Cairo.  Climate is hot and dry.  Population is 64.2 million and mostly Arabic. Government is a Multiparty Republic.  Official language is Arabic.  Unit of currency is the Pound (Pilasres).
Ethiopia: (Undetermined) Founded 1903/1993. Area is 435,605 square miles.  Capital is Addis Ababa.  Climate is moderate.  Population is 56.7 million with 76 nationalities and 286 languages.  Government is a  Multi-party Republic.  Official Languages are Amharic, English, Arabic Tigrinya, and Orominga.  Unit of currency is the Birr. United Nations Economic Commission for Africa.
Nigeria: (Federal Republic of  Nigeria) Founded in 1960.  Area is 356,668 square miles. Climate is hot and humid with an arid north.  Population is 115 million with over 250 ethnic groups. Government is a Military Regime.  Official language is English. Unit of currency is the Naira. 
South Africa: (Republic of South Africa)  Founded 1910/1934.  Area is 471,443 square miles.  The Capitals are Pretoria, Cape Town and Bloemfontein.   Climate is warm and temperate.  Population is 37.4 million and is a mix of European and indiginous Africans. Government is a Multiparty Republic.  Official language is Afrikaans and English. Unit of currency is the Rand.  Development Bank of Southern Africa  Disaster Mitigation for Sustainable LivelyhoodsEmergency and Disaster Management Center South African Weather Bureau  
Tanzania: (United Republic of Tanzania) Founded in 1964. Area is 364,900 square miles.  The capital is Dodoma.  Climate is Tropical and Semi-arid.  Population is 28.8 million and is mainly ethnic Bantu.  Government is a Single-party Republic.  The official language is English.  Unit of currency is the Shilling. Red Cross,  Transparency International
Zimbabwe: (Republic of Zimbabwe)  Founded in 1980.  Area is 150,800 square miles.  Capital is Harare. Climate is tropical. Population is 10.9 million and comprised of two main ethnic groups, Ndebele (north) and Shona (south).  Government is a Multiparty Republic. Official language is English.  Unit of currency is the Zimbabwe.

Asia

China: (Peoples Republic of China) Founded in 1949/1950.  Area is 3,628,166 Square Miles. Capital is Bejing.  Climate varies according to altitude, longitude and latitude. North and West are arid and dry. South and east are warmer and humid. Population is 1,234.3 million with the majority being Han Chinese.  There are 55 minorities. Government is a Single Party Republic.  Official language is Mandarin.  Unit of currency is the Yuan. Red Cross Society of China
India: (Republic of India) Founded in 1947/1961.  Area is 1,269,338 square miles.  Capital is New Delhi.  Climate can be considered generally warm to hot and varies according to location, altitude and latitude, it experiences three seasons. Population is mostly ethnic Indian.  Government is a Multiparty Republic. Official language is Hindu.  Unit of Currency is the Rupee. AhmedabadBhopal, Bhopal (Photos),  Bhopal (Union Carbide), CARE-India, Dakshinayan, Discovery India, East West Rescue, Natural disaster Management, Disaster Relief, Geological Survery of IndiaGOI National Informatics Centre, Gujarat, Gujarat (2), Gujarat MapsGujarat Industry, Gujarat OnlineIndia Development and Relief Fund, India MediaMaps of India, National Tourist Organization, Online Current NewsTravel India (US Consular Information)
Iran: (Islamic Republic of Iran) Founded 1906.  Area is 636,293 square miles. Capital is Tehran. Climate is mostly desert.  Populations is 68.7 and consists of many Middle East ethnic groups. Government is an Islamic Republic.  Unit of currency is the Rial.
Iraq: (Republic of Iraq) Founded 1932/1981. Area is 169,235 square miles. Capital is Bagdad.  Climate is hot,  dry and arid.  Population is 21 million and mainly Arab and Kurdish.  Government is Single-Party Republic.  Unit of currency is the Dinar.  UN Office of the Iraq Programme
Israel: (State of Israel) Founded in 1947.   Area is 7,992 square miles.  Capital is Jerusalem.  Climate is hot and dry in the summer and mild in the wet season from March to November. Population is 3.4 million and mainly European and Middle Eastern in origin. Government is a Multiparty Republic.  Official language is Hebrew. Unit of  currency is New Shekel. Local Authorities Confronting Disasters and Emergencies Local Authorities Confronting Disasters and Emergencies, MASHAV, Mass Emergencies Projects,
Japan: Founded in 1868/1943. Area is 145,869 square miles with four principal islands and 3000 smaller ones..  Capital is Tokyo.  Climate is generally temperate oceanic. Population is 125 million and racially homogenous.  Government is a Constitutional Monarchy.  Official language is Japanese.  Unit of currency is the Yen. Alex Disaster Prevention Research InstituteAsian Productivity Organisation, Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Earthquake Research Center (Kyoto U), Earth Observation (EORC)Environmental Agency, Global Health Disaster Network, Institute for Global Enviromental StrategiesInternational Center for Disaster-Mitigation Engineering ( Uof Tokyo/KOBENet), INCEDE, IDNDR, Japan International Co-operation Agency (JICA), Kobe Disaster Reduction Center, Ministry of SearchNational Research Institute of Fire & Disaster, National Research Institute for Earth Sciences and Disaster Prevention (NIED)Nippon Volunteer Network Active in Disasters, Overseas Economic Co-operation Fund (OECF), Red Cross, Research Center for Disaster Reduction Systems (Japan), Search & Rescue Robotics (RoboCup),  Study on Utilization of Networks for Emergency Management
Korea: (Republic of Korea) Founded in 1948.  Area is 38,232 square miles.  Capital is Seoul. Climate has four distinct seasons. Winters are dry and cold and summers are hot and wet.   Population is 44.5 million and a single ethnic group. Government is a Multiparty Republic. Official language is Korean.  Unit of currency is the Won. Center for Urban Disaster Prevention, Civil Defense and Disaster Prevention Bureau, Disaster Management Act,  Environmental/Disaster Prevention and Research Institute (Inchon)Korea Meteorological Administration, Ministry of Government Administration and Home Affairs, National Institute for Disaster Prevention
Philippines: (Republic of the Philippines)  Founded in 1946. Area is 115,831 square miles (Archipeligo of 7,107 islands) The Capital is Manila. Climate is tropical. Population is 66.5 million comprised of over 100 ethnic groups.  Official language is Philipino and English.  Unit of currency is  the peso.  Asian Pacific Disaster Management Centre, Taal Volcano, 
Saudi Arabia: (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia)  Founded in 1932/1981.  Area is 829,995 square miles.  The capital is Riyadh.  The climate is hot and arid.   Population is 16.5 million and mostly ethnic Sumni Muslim. Government is an Absolute Monarchy.  Official language is Arabic.  Official currency is the Riyal. International Islamic Relief Organisation
Taiwan: (Republic of China) Founded in 1949.  Area is 13,969 square miles (An island 80 miles from Mainland China who considers it to be a province.) Capital is Taipei.   Climate is tropical monsoon.  Population is 20.8 million and the majority is Han Chinese. Government is a Multiparty Republic.  The official language is Mandarin. Unit of currency is New Taiwan.

Turkey(Republic of Turkey) Founded in 1923/1939.  Area is 300,950 square miles.  The Capital is Ankara.  Climate is subtropical on the coast and Continental in the interior. Population is 63.3 million and is racially diverse. Government is a Multiparty Republic.   Official language is Turkish.  Unit of currency is the Turkish Lira. Deprem Arastirma Dairesi,  Disaster Management Implementation and Research Center, European Association for Earthquake Engineering, General Directorate of Civil DefenseKandilli Observatory,  SPOTALSATTelsiz ve Radyo Amatörleri Cemiyeti (TRAC) (ARES), Tubitak/Marma Research CenterTurkey Red Cresent, UN Development Programme, Urban Design Issues in Communities Stricken by the Kocaeli Earthquake

Australiasia

Australia: (Commonwealth of Australia) Area is 2,967,893 square miles.   Founded in 1901.  Capital is Canberra.  Climate in the interior, west and south is arid and very hot in the Summer.  The North is hot throughout the year.   East, southeast and southwest are temperate.  Population is 17.8 million with mainly an European, Asian and Aboriginal origin.  Government is a Parlimentary Democracy. The official language is English.  Unit of currency is the Australian dollar. Australian Agency for International Development, Australian Capital Territory (SES),  Australian Centre of Occupational Health and Safety, Australian Emergency Management Institute(AEMI), Australian Red CrossAustralia Geological Survey Organisation (Natural Hazards Research Centre), Batur Volcano,  Bureau of Meteorolgy, Charles Sturt University ~ Emergency Management, Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre, Department of Defence: EMA, Emergency Management Australia (EMA), Emergency Management Plan (Vic), Fire Protection Association Australia, International Firenet (ANU), IDNDR,  Landslide Survival & Property Protection, Multi-Agency Incident Management, National Emergency Management Studies Program, New South Wales (SES), Northern Territory (SES), Queensland (SES), Red Cross,  Rescue Home PageRESCUE Guide, RMIT Seismology Research Centre, Royal Australian Flying Doctor ServiceSatellite Remote Sensing Service, SES Links, South Australia (SES), State of Victoria Dept of Human Svcs, Tasmania (SES), Victoria States Emergency Services (SES), Western Australia (SES), WICEN Australia, Y2K (Fire Safety Systems)
Indonesia: (Republic of Indonesia) Founded in 1949/1963.  Area is 735,555 square miles. Capital is Jakarta.  Climate is mainly monsoon (Tropical).  Population is 200. 6 million and with multiple ethic groups, pre-dominantly Islamic. Government is a Multiparty Republic.  Official language is Bahassa Indonesia with many dialects. Unit of currency is the Rupiah. Batur Volcano, Research Center for Natural Hazards International Association of Vulcanology and Chemistry of the Earth Interior
Malaysia: Founded in 1957/1965.  Three separate territories over 1,240 miles with land mass of 127,317 square miles. Climate is equatorial and warm. Population is 20.6 million of indiginous Malay and a large Chinese minority. Government is a Federal Constitutional Monarchy.  Official language is Malay.  Unit of currency is the Ringgit. Rivers, Sustainable Development, Red Cresant
New Zealand: (The Dominion of New Zealand) Founded in 1947.  Area is 103,703 square miles and is comprised of a north and a south island with many smaller islands.  The Capital is Wellington.  Climate is generally temperate and damp. Population is 3.5 million and is European (British) and indigenous in composition. Government is a Constitutional Monarchy.  Official language is English. Unit of currency is the New Zealand Dollar.    Earthquake Commission, Foreign Affairs and Trade Ministry,  Health and Safety Net, Ministry of Civil Defense-New ZealandNational Rural Fire Authority, New Zealand Land & Search RescueRescue Australasia, Search and Rescue (NZ),  Red Cross, The New Zealand Office of Civil Defense
Singapore: (Republic of Singapore)  Founded in 1965.  Area is 239 square miles.  The Capital is Singapore City.  Climate is Equatorial.  Population is 2.8 million and mainly Chinese. Government is a Multiparty Republic.  Official language is Malay and Chinese.  Unit of currency is the Singapore Dollar. Centre for Remote Sensing, Red Cross, Singapore Civil Defence Force
Thailand: (Kingdom of Thailand) Founded in 1822/1887.  Area is 198,116 square miles.   The Capital is Bangkok.  Climate is hot and tropical.  Monsoons occur between May and October.  Population is 56.9 million and is mainly Asian. Government is a Constitutional Monarchy.  The official language is Thai.  Unit of currency is the Baht. Asian Disaster Preparedness Center , AIT Disaster Preparedness Index, Red Cross, Regional Programme on Occupational Safety and Health, United Nations Economic and Social  Commission for Asia and the Pacific
Viet-Nam: (Socialist Republic of Viet-Nam) Founded in 1976.  Area is 127,243 square miles.  Capital is Hanoi. Climate is even temperatures that are cool in the north with tropical conditions prevailing in the south. Population is 76.2 million and is mainly ethnic Vietnamese. Government is a Single Party Republic.  Official language is Vietnamese.  Unit of currency is the Dong.  Disaster Management (UNDP)

Europe

Austria: (Republic of Austria) Area is 32,373 square miles. Founded 1918/1945.   Capital is Vienna.  Climate is Temperate Continental. Population is 7.8 million and of Germanic origin. Government is a Multiparty Republic.  Official language is German.  Unit of currency is the Schilling. Natural Catastrophes and Developing Countries (CAT) Project at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) Federal Environment Agency Red Cross
Belgium: (Kingdom of Belguim) Area is 12,780 square miles.  Founded in 1830. Capital is Brussels.  Climate is maritime with mild temperatures, heavy cloud cover and rain.  Population is 10 million with two key ethnic groups of Flemish and French speakers. Government is a Constitutional Monarchy.  Official language Dutch, French and German. Unit of currency is the Franc.  CARE Worldwide, Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) ECHO European Commission, Protection Civile Belgium, Institute for Occupational Safety and HealthMedecins Sans FrontiZres, Partners in Smart Emergency (PASTEL), Red Cross
Bosnia: (The Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina) Area is 19,741 square miles.  Founded in 1992. Capital is Sarajevo.  Climate is continental.  Population is 3.5 million with a Muslim ethnic majority and a large Catholic minority.  Government is a Multiparty Republic) Official language is Serbo-Croation.  Unit of currency is the Dinar. Bosnia Information
Finland: (Republic of Finland) Founded in 1917/1920.  Area is 130,552 square miles.  Capital is Helsinki..  Climate is long harsh winters with frequent snow falls and short cool summers. Population is 5 million and are principally ethnic Fins, native Lap or of Swedish descent. Government is a Multiparty Republic.  Official language is Finnish. Unit of currency is the Markka. African Newsletter on Occupational Safety and Health, Estonian Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety,  European Occupational Health and Safety Databases, International Occupational Safety and Health Information Centre, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Finland Rescue Services, Finish Meteorological Institute, Red Cross
France: (Republic of France) Founded 1685/1920.  Area is 551,500 square miles. Capital is Paris. Climate ranges from temperate and damp to Continental and Mediterranean. Population is 57.4 million with a strong national identity. Government is a Multiparty Republic. Official language is French.  Unit of currency is the Franc. Agence Francaise de Development, French Ministry of the Environment, La Protection Civile du Haut RhinMedicine en 3 Dimensions, National Meteorological Office, Red CrossObservatories Volcanologiques FrancaisPartners in Smart Emergency (PASTEL) SpotImage: Natural Disaster Management,  Unites d'Instruction et d'Operation de Protectection Civile de Rhone-Alpes
Germany: (Federal Republic of Germany)  Founded in 1871/1990. Area is 356,910 square miles. Capital is Berlin. Climate is damp and temperate in the north with continental extremes in the mountainous south.  Population is 80.6 million with Germanic origins and Turkish minorities. Government is a Multiparty Republic.   Official language is German.  Unit of currency is the Deutshe Mark. Arbieter-Sarmariter-Band(SAR),  CTIFDLRG Dettingen-Dingelsdorf e. V., Die Johanniter, Deutsche Investitions und Entwicklungsgesellschaft MbH, Federal Environment Agency, Feuerwehr, Fire Investigators DictionaryGlobal Fire Warning Center (GFWC) ,Höhlenrettung-Kameradenbergung (SAR), KatastrophenmanagmentIDNDR, Mobile GC/MS System (Analysis of Fires/Chem Accidents), Munich Re, Naturkatastrophen, Popular Culture of  Disasters(U of Kiel), Rot Kreuz, Taal Volcano,  Techniach Hilfswerk, Transparency International, Use of Satellite Technology for German Aid Authorities
Greece: (Hellenic Republic ) Founded in 1830/1947.  Area is 50,961 square miles.  Capital is Athens.  Climate is Meditterrean. Population is 10.2 million and is mainly ethnic Greek.  Government is a Multiparty Republic.  Official language is Greek.   Unit of currency is the Drachma.  Athens ARES, Red Cross
Iceland: (Republic of Iceland) Founded  in 1944.  Area is 39,770 square miles. Capital is Reykjavik.  Climate is moderated by the gulf stream with mild winters and brief cool summers.  Population is 300,000 and homogenous Nordic. Government is a Constitutional Republic.  Official language is Icelandic.  Unit of currency is the Krona. Bjorgunarsveet Ingolfshttp://www.samband.is/lacde,  Red Cross
Ireland: (Republic of Ireland) Founded 1921/22.  Area is 27,155 square miles.  Capital is Dublin.   Climate is mild and wet. Population is 3.5 million and ethnically homogenous (Gaelic). Government is a Multiparty Republic. Official language is English and Irish Gaelic. Unit of currency is the Irish Pound.   Concern, Health and Safety Authority, Irish Civil Defence,  Red Cross
Italy: (Italian Republic) Founded in 1871/1954.   Area is 116,320 square miles. Capital is Rome. Climate is Mediterranean in the south and seasonal in the plains and mountains of the north plain. Population is 57.8 million and ethnically homogenous. Government is a Multiparty Republic. Official language is Italian. Unit of currency is the Lira. A.R.I.-Radiocomunicazioni d'Emergneza,  Associazione Volontari Protezione Civile, BINE Associazone Bambini in Emergenza, Civil Protection Simulation on the Web, CMIRL (Hydrology), CNR Catastrofi Idrogeologiche, CNR Gruppo Nazionale per La Difesa dai Terremoti, CNR La Vulcanologia, Emergenza, Emergenza!!! (D'Africa),  Emergenza Firenze, Emergenza (Terremoto),  Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO), Intertrade International Services, Italian National Group for Defense against Earthquakes, Inter Press Service (IPS), Numeri Di Emergenza, Operatori Emergenza Radio Trani, Radio Comunicazioni Emergenza, Remote Sensing, Red Cross, Servizio Emergenza Radio (Siena), Sevizio d'Emergenza Recupero , UN World Food Programme (WFP)
Luxembourg: (Grand Duchy of Luxembourg) Founded in 1890.  Area is 998 square miles.   Capital is Luxembourg.  Climate is moist, warm summers cool winters. Population is 400,000 with mixed ethnic groups. Government is a Constitutional Monarchy.   Official language is Letzburgish, French and German.  Unit of currency is the Franc. Civil Protection Information System, Croix Rouge
Netherlands: (Kingdom of the Netherlands) Founded in 1815/1890.Area is 12,780 square miles. The Capital is Amsterdam.  Climate is mild and rainy with cool summers.   Gales are common in winter.  Population is 15.3 million with Dutch and European mix. Government is a Constitutional Monarhy.  Official language is Dutch.   Unit of currency is the Guilder.  Brandweer op Internet, Coal Fires,  Disaster Management and Medical Relief (DMMR), Institute for Emergency TechniquesInternational Water and Sanitation Centre, Netherlands Institute for Fire Fighting and Emergency Management., Respond!  Red Cross, Technical Secretariat of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical WeaponsUse of Space Technologies by Civil Protection Authorities
Norway: (Kingdom of Norway) Founded in 1905/1930.  Area is 125,060 square miles.   The Capital is Oslo. Climate is mild in the coastal areas and is more extreme inland and to the east.  Population is 4.3 million and is homogenous.   Government is a Constitutional Monarchy.  Official language is Norwegian. Unit of currency is the Krone. NASEN Environmental and Remote Sensing Center,  Norwegian Emergency Preparedness System, Norwegian Peoples Aid, Norwegian Refugee Council,  Norwegion Rescue Dogs,  Red Cross, Relief SAT (refugees)
Russia: (Russian Federation)  Founded in 1991. Area is 6,592,800 square miles. The Capital is Moscow.  Climate ranges from Continental, Sub-artic, to Mediterranean and hot dessert.  Population is 149.2 million and is 80 percent ethnic Russian with many minorities. Government is a Multiparty Republic.  The official language is Russian.  Unit of currency is the Rouble. Avialesookhrana (Remote Sensing/fires), Emercom, IDNDR, Moscow Fire Defence, Red Cross RARES Russia, Space Monitoring Support Laboratory (Remote Sensing)
Slovakia: (Slovak Republic) Founded in 1993 (Formerly Czechoslovakia). Area is 19,100 square miles.   The Capital is Bratislava.  Climate is continental with moderately warm summers and cold winters. Population is 5.3 million with a Slavik majority and a Hungarian minority. Government is a Multiparty Republic. Official language is Slovak.  Unit of currency is the Koruna.  IDNDR, Office of Civil Protection
Spain: (Kingdom of Spain) Founded1492//1713.   Area is 194,900 square miles,  The Capital is Madrid.  Climate is Maritime on the north coast, hotter and drier in the south, with extreme climate on the Central Plateau.  Population is 39.2 million and is broken into 17 ethnic and autonomous regions.  Government is a Constitutional Monarchy.  The official language is Castilian Spanish, Catalan, Galician, and Basque.   Unit of currency is the Peseta. Agenda de Proteccion Civil, Agrupacion Voluntarios de Proteccion Civil de MOS, Comunicado de prensa, Cruz Roja,  Cyberseguridad,  Direccion de Proteccione Civil y Bomberos, Emergencia 112,  Emergencia Ciudad Real, EMERSIS,  Escuela Naccional de Proteccion Civil-ENPC, ICT Net,  Ley de Proteccion Civil, Menu de Proteccion Civil, Proteccion Civil, Ministerio de Interior,  Proteccion Civil de TeldeProteccion Contra Incedios, Red Cross, Red Radio de Emergencia de Proteccion Civil de Espana Salvamento y Seguridad Maritime, Telefonos de Emergencia
Sweden: (Kingdom of Sweden) Founded in 1809/1905.  Area is 173,730 square miles.  The Capitol is Stockholm.  Climate is moderated by warm gulf stream in the south and more continental and cold in the north.  Population is 8.7 million and is ethnic Swede with a Lap minority.  Government is a Constitutional Monarchy.  Official language is Swedish.  Unit of currency is the Krona. Räddningstjänst och Näturkätätofer, Red Cross, Swedish International Development Corporation
Switzerland: (Swiss Confederation) Founded in 1815.  Area is 15,940 square miles.   The Capital is Bern.  Climate is seasonal.  Population is 6.9 million and is strongly European. Government is a Federal Republic.  The official language is German, French, Italian and Romansch. Unit of currency is the Franc. Chemical Safety Data Bases, Economic Commission for Europe,  Engineers for Disaster Relief (RedR), Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate, International Civil Defence Organisation, International Organization for Standardization, Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical SafetyInternational Relations and Security Network,  Inventory on Information Sources on Chemicals (UNEP), Natural Hazards Mitigation Group -U.of Geneva, Red Cross, Swiss Civil Protection (English), Swiss Disaser Relief, World Health Organisation (WHO)
United Kingdom (Great Britain)Founded in 1801/1922.  Area is 94,550 square miles. The Capital is London.  Climate is generally mild and temperate.    Population is 57.8 million and is of mixed European stock with Asian and West Indian minorities in most cities.  Government is a Constitutional Monarchy.  The official language is English.  Unit of currency is the British Pound.Sterling.  Access Business ContinuityAssociation of SAR Hovercraft,  Benfield Greig Hazard Research Centre, University College - London, British Civil DefenceBritsh Geological Survey, British Standards Institution, Centre for Voluntary Organisations, Chemical Data Base, Commonwealth  Development Corporation,  Contingency Planning Disaster Recovery Guide,   Coventry U. Disaster Management, Cranfield Disaster Management Centre, Department for International Development Disaster Prevention and Management Journal (United Kingdom), Disaster Prevention and Management Journal, Eldis Disasters and Refugee Guide, Disaster Recovery Tools (UK),  Emergency Planning CollegeEnvironmental Agency of England and Wales, Fire Research StationFlood Hazard Research Centre, Gender and Disaster NetworkGreen Cross UK, Health and Safety Executive, Home Office Emergency Planning Division, Home Office EPD Training Index,  International Emergency Technical Rescue Institute,  International Rescue Corps,  IT Transport Ltd, International Seismological Center, Mines (Land) Advisory Group, Institute of Civil Defense and Disaster Studies,  National Chemical Emergency Centre, Natural Disaster Management, RAYNET (Amatuer Emergency Radio), ODI Portland House, OXFAMOne World Online, Redcar Lifeboat Station, Red Cross, Severn Area Rescue Association (SARA), Standards for Civil Protection (Home Office)The International   Emergency Technical Rescue Institue, UK Emergency Planning Society, Tsunami Risks Program, UK Environment Agency, UK Fire Brigades  Note: "Disaster Prevention Management (DPM): An International Journal is now offering an Email Service: dfeely@mcb.co.uk Note: New Contact Information: The Emergency Planning Society, Northcumberland House, 11 The  Pavement, Popes Lane, London W5 4NG, England.  Tel: +44 (0)208 579 797 Fax: +44 (0)208 579 7972 ( 11-05-99)
Yugoslavia (Macedonia): (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) Founded in 1992.  Area is 9,929 square miles.   Capital is Belgrade.  Climate is Mediterranean on the coasts and Continental on the interior.  Population is 10.6 million with ethic Serbs and a large Islamic minority.  Government is a Multiparty Republic. Official language is Serbo-Croation.   Unit of currency is the Dinar.

International

International Organizations ( See Pan America and Others below):  International Committee of the Red Crossnternational Committee of the Red Cross, Global Disaster Information Network (GDIN),  International Emergency and Refugee Health Program, International Contacts, International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR), International Links & R and D, International Federation of Red Cross, Rescue International (SAR), The European Commission on Life Environment
Pan America: All Hazards (PAHO), Comites de Emergencia, DesInventar. Disaster Documentation Center (PAHO), Hazardous Materials Event Management (Spanish), Manual for the Logistical Management of Humanitarian Supplies (PAHO), OAS-ECHO Program for Flood Vunerability Reduction,   Pan American Health Organization (English) PAHO (Espanol), Oraganization of American States Natural Hazards Project (OAS),  PAHO/PED (Catologo de Materiales de Adiestramiento, Regional Disaster Information Center (CRID/Latin America) The Organization of American States (OAS) is seeking to establish a dialogue on disaster education and to consolidate the emerging network of professionals working in Latin America.  The OAS is planning regional meetings to facilitate networking of institutions and individuals working on disaster curricula, promote curriculum planning and development, help generate research incentives, facilitate the exchange of ideas and materials, further disaster education generally, and foster community involvement in disaster education.  Contact: Katherine Reilly (202) 458-6803, or Sergio Mora (202) 458-6261, Natural Hazards Project - Unit for Sustainable Development and Environment Organization of American States1889 F Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20008 (202) 458-6295  Fax: (202) 458-3560 Email: Natural-Hazards-Project@oas.org  (03-03-99)
Others (See International Organizations and Pan America above and below): Action Without Borders, AlertNet, American Rescue Team International, Doctors Without Borders, Center for Prevention of Natural Disasters in Central America,  Chemical Accident Prevention, Preparedness and Response (OECD), Chemical News & Intelligence, Disaster Information Center (VITA), Disaster Response Internet Directory, European Joint Research Centre (MAHB), FlyMedic International, FAQ (Spanish) Reglamentacion de la Seguridad Nuclear, Global Disaster Information Network (GDIN), Global Disaster Report, Global Emergency Management, Global Emergency Management Information Network Initiative (GEMNI)Counselling Net,   , GLO-DISNET, Volunteers in Technical Assistance (VITA), INTERACTION, International Decade for Natural Disaster Reductions (IDNDR), International Fire Net (AU), International Emergency Management Web Sites, International Institute of Disaster Restoration (ASCR)International Global Disaster Organizations, International Satellite System for Search and Rescue (COSPAS-SARSAT, MERGINET (Medicine, Emergency, Rescue & Global Information Net), Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)Red Radio de Emergencia (REMER), Rescue International, SAR Links of the World, Telefono de Emergencia, World Wide Amatuer Radio Information
United Nations (UN): ISDR (United Nations) Inter-Agency Task Force for Disaster Reduction Chemicals(IRPTC), Copp Resolution, Coast Guard Agency,  Directory for Disaster Reduction Institutions, Disaster Management Training ProgrammeEnvironmental Programme, HELPAGE, International Programme on Chemical Safety, Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Programme of Chemical Safety (WHO), RADIUS, ReliefWeb (UN), UN Children's Fund Emergency Web,  UN Committee for IDNDR, UN Centre for Human Settlements, UN Children's Fund, UN Dept of Economic and Social Affairs, UN Environment Programme, UN Dept of Humanitarian AffairsUN Development Programmes and Development Policy, UN Global Program ~ Disaster Science & Public Administration,   WMO HomepageUnited Nations Home Page,  United Nations Population Fund, United Nations Supply Data Base, United Nations Volunteers

North America

Canada: Area is 3,851,788 square miles. Founded in 1867/1949. Capital is Ottawa. Climate ranges from polar to sub-polar in the north to cool in the south. Winters in the interior are longer and colder than on the coasts with temperatures well below freezing and deep snow. Population is 27.8 million with mainly European, Asian and native Indian origin.   Government is a Parliamentary State.  Official language is English and French. Unit of currency is the Canadian Dollar. Alberta Safety Net, British Columbia Inter-Agency EP Council,  British Columbia Provicial Emergency Program (PEP), Candian Centre fo Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS), Canada Centre for Remote Sensing, Canadian Interagency Forest Fire Network, Canadian International Development AgencyCanadian Chemical Producers Association,   Canadian Coast Guard, Canadian Council for Emergency Proceedures, CanWarn, CCEP News Online, Canadian Emergency News, Canadian Hurricane Centre, Chemical Institute of Canada, Civil Air Search & Rescue Association (CASARA), Continuity Planner,  Disaster Recovery Institute of Canada, Emergency Preparedness Canada, Emergency Preparedness Information Exchange (EPIX), Inter-agency Emergency Prepardness Council Home Page, Hazardnet, HazardNet/Intn'l Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR)IDNDR Home Page, IDNDR CA, Manitoba Seniors E.P., Mennonite Disaster Service, Mine Health and SafetyNorth Shore Neighborhood EPP (BC), Organizations Dealing with Hazards and Disasters, Radio Amateurs of Canada (RAC) ARES, Red Cross, Rescue Coordination Centre Ontario (Canada), Royal Canadian Mounted Police, SAFEGUARD Project, Transportation Safety Board, Vancouver, Turning Point (Vulnerable Population Assessments),  VitaLink (Medical Data Bases), Workplace Safety & Insurance Board, World Conference on Disaster Management, Y2K (Canadian Government Industry)
Costa Rica: (Republic of Costa Rica) Founded in 1821/1838.  Area is 19,730 square miles.  Capital is San Jose.  Climate is hot and humid in coastal regions and temperate upland.  High annual rainfall. Population is 3.3 million and mainly European, African and native Indian origin. Government is a Multiparty republic. Official language is Spanish.  Unit of currency is the Colon. Comision Nacional de Emergencia   Regional Disaster Information Center (CRID)  
El Salvador: (Republic of El Salvador) Founded in 1838/1856.  Area is 8,124 Square Miles.  Capital is San Salvador.  Climate is hot and tropical. Population is 5.4 million and mainly Mestizo. Government is a Multiparty Republic.  Official language is Spanish.  Unit of Currency is the Colon. Earthquake Info, Emergency Management (COEN)
Guatemala: (Republic of Guatemala) Founded in 1838.  Area is 42,043 square miles. Capital is Guatemala City. Climate is hot and tropical.  Population is 10 million with indigenous Indians as the majority. Government is Multiparty Republic.   Official language is Spanish.  Unit of currency is the Quetzal. Research Center for Disaster Management Del Valle University
Honduras: (Republic of Honduras) Founded in 1838.  Area is 43,278 square miles. Capital is Tegucigalpa.  Climate is hot and tropical.  Population is 5.6 million and primarily Mestizo.  Government is a Multiparty Republic.  Official language is Spanish. Unit of Curency is  the Lempira.
Mexico: ( Republic of Mexico) Founded in 1836/1867. Area is 756,061 square miles.   The Capital is Mexico City. Climate is warm on the high plateau and in the mountains most of the year. The northwest is dry.  Population is 95.5 million and is European (Spanish) and native Indian in origin. Government is a Multiparty Republic. Official language is Spanish. Unit of currency is the Peso. Asociacion Nacional de la Industria Qujmica, A.C., Asociacion para la Prevencion de Accidentes,  Baja Global Numeros de Emergencia, COBREWEB - Sala de Emergencia (Chat), Comite de Seguridad y Emergencia, Cruz Roja,  Emergencia de Acapulco, National Association of  the Chemical IndustryPrograma de Protection Civil 1998-2001, Sevicio Privado De Emergencia, Sevicios de Emergencia 080, Sistema Estatal de Proteccione Civil, Sumergida Emergencia (Chapa), Telefonos de Emergencia, Telefonos de Emergencia (Bomberos)
Nicaragua: (Republic of Nicaragua) Founded in 1838.  Area is 50,193 square miles.   The Capital is Managua.  Climate is tropical.  Population is 4.1 million and is mainly European (Spanish) and native Indian Government is a Multiparty Republic.   Official language is Spanish. Unit of currency is the Cordoba.  Ley de Emergencia
Puerto Rico: (Commonwealth Territory USA - Caribbean) Claimed in 1898.  Area is 3,458 square km.  Captial is San Juan.  Climate is tropical.  Population is 3.6 million with a mix of indigenous and Spanish descendents. Official language is Spanish and English.  Unit of currency is the US Dollar.    FEMA Director James Lee Witt announced 23 February 1999, the release of a Federal Action Plan for the long term recovery of Puerto Rico from Hurricane Georges (1998).  Priorities include housing, economic revitalization and sustainability, energy, transportation and infrastructure, and 57 specific actions.  Copies of "The President's Long-Term Recovery Action Plan for Puerto Rico" will be available on FEMA's Website or from FEMA Publications at 1-800-480-2520.   See FEMA's Building Performance Assessment Teams (BPAT)
United States (USA): (United States of America) Founded in 1787/1959. Area is 3,681,760 square miles.  The Capital is Washington, D.C.  Climate is wide ranging with four seasons in the east to dry arid climates in the Southwest.   Continental, artic and hot. Population is 265.8 million and multi-racial in composition. Government is a Multiparty Republic.  Official language is English. Unit of currency is the Dollar. American Refugee Committee, Collaborative for Development Action, Inc.Cuny Society for the Studies of Society in Crisis, Disaster Management Systems, Evironmental Protection Agency (EPA),  Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Global Emergency Management System(FEMA)  Inter Press Service(IPS), Landmine Survivors OrganizaitonInterWorks, Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA), Overseas Development Council, OXFAM AmericaPartners International, Project Hope, University of Wisconsin Disaster Management Center, US Committee for Refugees, World Bank Water and Sanitation Programme.

Oceania

American Somoa (Unincorporated Territory-Pacific) Claimed in 1900.  Area is 75 square miles consisting of five volcanic islands. Capital is Pago Pago.    Climate is tropical.  Population is 50,923 and is ethnically Polynesian.   Official language is English.  Unit of currency is the U.S. Dollar.

Antigua & Barbuda: (Caribbean Islands) Area is 170 square miles. Founded in 1981.  Capital is St. Johns. Climate is tropical and moderated by trade winds and sea breezes.  Humidity and rainfall are low for the area.  Population is 65,000 with mainly an African origin with minorities of Europeans and South Asians. Government is a Parliamentary Democracy. Language is English and English Creole.   Unit of currency is East Caribbean Dollar.  Emergency Guidance, Mitigation Plan for Schools Against Natural Disasters
British Virgin Islands: (Dependent Territory)  Island is 59 square miles. Claimed in 1672. Capital is Road Town. Climate is West Indes.  Population is 16,644. Office of Disaster Preparedness
Caribbean: Caribbean Disaster Emergency Response Agency (CDERA) , Caribbean Disaster Information Network (CARDIN), Caribbean Disaster Mitigation Project (CDMP), Caribbean Red Cross Society, Center for Latin America and the Caribbean (CRID) , Hurricanes,  Unit for Disaster Studies, Department of Geography and Geology, University of the West Indies   
Canary Isles:   A potectorate of Spain. Civil Protection
Dominican Republic: (Eastern 2/3 of the Island of Hispanola) Founded in 1865. Area is 18,815 square miles.  Capital is Santo Domingo.  Climate is hot and humid with heavy rainfall. Population is 7.6 million with a mixed race majority (European and African). Government is a Multiparty Republic. Official language is Spanish.  Unit of currency is the Peso. Dominican Republic Civil Defense
Guam: (Unincorporated USA Territory - Pacific) Claimed 1898. Area is 212 square miles.  Capital is Agafia.   Climate is tropical .  Population is 144,000.  Official language is English.  Unit of currency is the US Dollar.
Haiti: (Republic of Haiti) Founded in 1804.  Area is 10,714 square miles.  Capital is Port-au-Prince. Climate is tropical and humid.  Population is 6.9 million and primarily of African descent.  Government is a Multiparty Republic. Official language is French and French Creole. Unit of currency is the Gourde.
US Virgin Islands: (Unincorporated territory-West Indes) Claimed 1917. Capital is Charlotte Amalie. Area is 137 square miles with two main islands (St Johns and St Thomas) and fifty one smaller islands.  Climate is tropical.  Population is 101,809.  Official language is English.  Unit of currency is the US Dollar.  

South America

Bolivia: ( Republic of Bolivia) Area is 424,162 sq miles. Founded in 1825/1938. Capital is La Paz. Climate is extreme tropical with night frost in Winter, North and East are hot and humid. Population is 7.8 million. Government is Multiparty Republic. Unit of currency is the Boliviano.  Bolivaweb
Brazil: (Federative Republic of Brazil) Area is 3,286,472 miles.  Founded in 1822/1929.  Capital is Brasilia.  Climate is constantly hot and humid in the Amazon region.  Frequent droughts in the north east.  Greater ranges of temperature and moisture on the plateau.  Hot summers and cool winters in the south.   Population is 164.4 million with mainly European and native Indian origins.   Government is a Multiparty Republic.  Official language is Portugese.   Unit of currency  is the Real. Cruz Vermelha, Emergencia, Emergencia (Portugues), Escola de Engenharia da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais,  Remote Sensing (Fires), Enviromental Geotechnology and Global Sustainable Development
Chile: (Republic of Chile) Founded in 1818/1929.  Area is 292,258 square miles.  Capital is Santiago.  Climate is arid and dry in the north and wet and stormy in the south Andean peaks have glaciers and snow.  Population is 13.8 million and mainly of   European origin and indigenous Indians. Government is a Multiparty Republic.   Official language is Spanish.  Unit of currency is the Peso.  Capacitacion en Protection Civil, Otros Sitos de Interes para Proteccion Civil, Sistema de Proteccion Civil Chileno, UN Commission for Latin America and Caribbean
Columbia: (Republic of Columbia)  Founded in 1819/1922.  Area is 439,733 square miles.  Capital is Bogata.  Climate is hot and wet on the coastal plains. There are two wet seasons in the Equatorial east.  Population is 34 million and the population is mixed ethnic blood. Government is a Multiparty Republic.  Official language is Spanish. Unit of Currency is the peso.
http://www.viexpo.com/ear/index.htm,   Red Cross
Ecuador: ( Republic of Ecuador) Founded in 1830/1942.  Area is 109,483 square miles.   Capital is Quito.  Climate is hot and moist on the coast and cool in the Andes Mountains. Hot in the equatorial portions of the Amazon Basin. Population is 11.3 million and mainly European and native Indian. Government is a Multiparty Republic.  Official language is Spanish.  Unit of currency is the Sucre. Desastres Net
Peru: (Republic of Peru) (Photo Gallery) Founded in 1824/1942.  Area is 496,223 square miles. The Capital is Lima.  Climate is arid on most of the coast and temperate on the middle slopes of the Andes Mountains. The East is hot, humid and very wet. Population is 22.9 million and mainly native Indian and European (Spanish).  Government is a Multiparty Republic.  The official language is Spanish. Unit of currency is the New Sol.  Incident Commander, Instituto Nacional de Defensa Civil, Machu Picchu International Fire Protection Project
Venezuela: (Republic of Venezuela)  Founded in 1830/1929. Area is 352,143 square miles.   The Capital is Caracas.  Climate is tropical.  Population is 20.6 million of mixed European and native Indian blood. Government is a Multiparty Republic.   Official language is Spanish.  Unit of currency is the Bolivar. Emergencia, Organizacion Rescate Humbolt (SAR)