U.S. Federal Response Plan and Links2000

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Introduction

FEMA uses the Federal Response Plan (FRP) to coordinate the Government Response to disaster or emergency situations.  The FRP is applicable to:  Natural disasters involving earthquakes, hurricanes, typhoons, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, floods, and fires.  Technological emergencies involving radiological or hazardous materials.  Other incidents requiring Federal assistance under the Stafford Act.  The FRP describes the basic mechanisms and structures by which the Federal Government mobilizes the resources and conducts activities to augment State and local response efforts.  To facilitate the provisions of Federal assistance, the FRP uses a functional approach to group the types of assistance that a State is most likely to need under the 12 Emergency Support Funcitons (ESFs).

 

General. The Federal Response Plan (FRP), Public Law 93-288, as amended, is a partnership of Federal, Public and Volunteer agencies. The information found here is intended to supplement the FRP and in order to get full benefit of this area, a hardcopy of the FRP will be extremely helpful. (Note: There are also 11 revisions that have been made to the FRP. Copies of the FRP with revisions, and FEMA's new State and Local Planning Guide (SLG 101) can be obtained in hard copy free of charge from the FEMA Distribution Center, 8231 Stayton Drive, Jessup, Maryland 20794 or by calling 1-800-480-2520. Change 8 to the FRP, Appendix C, Compendium of Emergency Authorities and Directives, contains important statutory changes to Public Law. There is a change to the general part of the FRP dated November 10, 1995, that briefly summarizes the organizational role of the military in a Federal response environment. The latest Change 11, Dated February 7, 1997, adds a Terrorism Incident Annex to the FRP and it will be used to implement Presidential Decision Directive 39. Links to FRP partnerships sites on the Internet/WWW are listed below in the 12 ESFs. To access these WWW links, simply "click" the left mouse button on the HTML royal blue text. (Note: Agencies are duplicated under several different ESFs. If you have visited their sites once, the HTML text will turn a darker blue and it will do so in all the other ESFs as well. This will tell you that you have already visited that site. If the HTML is still royal blue for an agency under a different ESF, this means that it goes to a different linked site than in the previous ESF.) These links contain many of the resources available to support the 12 Emergency Support Functions (ESFs) of the FRP. The type of information contained in the links include "in-depth" information on specific partners, provides points of contacts and information that can be used for planning and training. Information can be tailored for all levels of Emergency Management (Federal, Regional, State, and Local). Click on the following hypertext to go the the FEMA Site containing an outline of the FRP. Back to Top

ESF 1 Transportation

Purpose: This EST provides for the overall coordination of Federal and Civil transportation to State and Local government entities, voluntary organizations and Federal Agencies requiring transportation capacity to perform disaster assistance missions.  Initial Federal transportation assistance will be managed by the Regional Emergency Transportation Coordinator (RETCO). Primary Agency: Department of Transportation. The DOT will assign the RETCOs. Support Agencies: The DOT will assign the RETCOs. Support Agencies: The DOT will assign the RETCOs. Support Agencies: Department of Agriculture, Department of Defense, Department of Energy, Department of State, General Services Administration (GSA will be co-located with ESF 1), Tennesee Valley Authority and the U.S. Postal Service. These agencies will provide transportation assets as required.   These agencies will provide transportation assets as required.  

ESF 2 Communications

Purpose: This ESF is to assure the provision of Federal telecommunications support to Federal, State and local response efforts following a Presidentially-declared emergency, major disaster, and extraordinary situation under the FRP. This ESF supplements the provisions of the National Plan for Telecommunications Support in Non-Wartime Emergencies, hereafter, referred to as the National Telecommunications Support Plan (NTSP). This ESF was changed June 7, 1995. The Office of Science and Technology Policy(OSTP) became a signatory to the ESF and was designated the as the Primary Agency under the change. However, on behalf of the OSTP, the Office of the Manager, National Communications System (NCS). National Communications System (NCS) will continue to execute the Primary Agency Functions. Elements of the NCS is located in Washington DC and at Mt. Weather, MD where the National Emergency Coordinating Center (NECC) is located. Primary Agency: Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) (Note: There is no OSTP WWW site.) There are Federal Emergency Communications Coordinators (FECCs) which deploy and they are assisted by the FEMA Regional Communications Managers (FRCMs). Support Agencies: Department of Agriculture, Department of Agriculture, Department of Commerce, Department of Defense, Department of Interior, Department of Transportation, Federal Communications Commission, Federal Emergency Management Agency, General Services Administration.

ESF3 Public Works and Engineering

Purpose: This ESF is to provide public works and engineering support to assist the State(s) in meeting goals related to life saving, life-protecting and recovery activities following a major disaster. Support includes technical advice, evaluations, engineering services, construction management and inspection, emergency contracting, emergency repair of wastewater and solid waste facilities, and real estate support to assist State(s) in needs related to lifesaving or life protecting following a major or catastrophic disaster. The Directorate of Military Support (DOMS) is the responsible national-level DOD representative. This entire ESF was changed April 18, 1995. Primary Agencies: Department of Defense, and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Support Agencies: Department of Agriculture, Department of Commerce, Department of Energy, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Interior, Department of Labor, Department of Transportation, Department of Veterans Affairs, Environmental Protection Agency, General Services Administration, Tennessee Valley Authority.

ESF 4 Firefighting

Purpose: This ESF involves managing and coordinating firefighting activties, including the detection and suppression of fires on Federal Lands, and providing personnel, equipment and supplies in support of State and local agencies involved in rural and urban fire fighting operations. National support will be accomplished through the National Interagency Coordination Center (NICC) located in Boise, ID to agencies working under the Incident Command System (ICS). Primary Agencies: Department of Agriculture and Forest Service. Support Agencies: Department of Commerce, Department of Defense, Department of Interior, Environmental Protection Agency, Federal Emergency Management Agency.

ESF 5 Information and Planning

The purpose of this ESF is to collect, process and disemenate information about a potential or actual disaster or emergency to facilitate the overall activities of the Federal Government in providing assistance to an affected State. The planning process is initiated by an Emergency Response Team (ERT) in the field and a Emergency Support Team (EST) at Headquarters which supports the efforts of the Federal Coordinating Officer (FCO) and the State Coordinating Officers (SCOs). This ESF was changed February 3, 1995 and the Small Business Administration (SBA) has been added with Support Agency responsibilities. Primary Agency: Federal Emergency Management Agency. Support Agencies: Department of Agriculture, Department of Commerce, Department of Defense, Department of Education, Department of Energy, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of the Interior, Department of Justice, Department of Transportation, Department of Treasury, American Red Cross, Environmental Protection Agency, General Services Administration, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Communications System, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Small Business Administration.

ESF 6 Mass Care

Purpose: This ESF coordinates the efforts to provide sheltering, feeding and emergency first aid following a catastrophic earthquake, significant natural disaster or other event requiring Federal Respsonse assistance, operate a Disaster Welfare Information (DWI) system to collect, receive, and report information about the status of victims and assist with family reunification within the disaster area and to coordinate bulk distribution of emergency relief supplies to disaster victims. Primary Agency: American Red Cross. Support Agencies: Department of Agriculture, Department of Commerce, Department of Defense, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Department of Transportation, Department of Veterans Affairs, Federal Emergency Management Agency, General Services Administration, U.S. Postal Service. Department of Agriculture, Department of Commerce, Department of Defense, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Department of Transportation, Department of Veterans Affairs, Federal Emergency Management Agency, General Services Administration, U.S. Postal Service.

ESF 7 Resource Support

Purpose: This ESF provides logistical and resource support in the form of emergency relief supplies, space, office equipment, office supplies, telecommunications, contracting services, transportation services and personnel, following a catastrophic earthquake, other significant natural disaster or other event requiring Federal Response. This ESF was changed May 15, 1995. The change assigns the responsibility for coordinating supplementary Federal law enforcement assistance when in it is requested by a State and for serving as a point of contact with the State for enforcement matters. To support this requirement, FEMA will provide a Law Enforcement Liaison Officer to operate an information clearinghouse and to facilitate the coordination of Federal law enforcement organizations. Primary Agency: General Services Administration. Support Agencies: Department of Agriculture, Department of Commerce, Department of Defense, Department of Energy, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Labor, Department of Transportation, Department of Veterans Affairs, Federal Emergency Management Agency, National Communications System, Office of Personnel Management.

ESF 8 Health and Medical Services

Purpose: This ESF provides coordinated public health and medical care needs following a significant natural or man-made disaster. This is also known as the National Disaster Medical System (NDMS) and is responsible for health and medical assistance including health services, triage, treatment and transport of victims, and evacuation of patients out of the disaster area. Disaster Medical Assistance Teams (DMATs) have been established nationwide to support this ESF. There is a change to this ESF dated September 16, 1996. This change added the Department of Energy (DOE) as a Support Agency. DOE support includes Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site (REAC/TS) assistance, Radiological Assistance Program (RAP) and Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability (ARAC) predictions in support of health and medical activities assossiated with radiological accidents. Primary Agencies: Department of Health and Human Services and U.S. Public Health Service. (The U.S. Public Health Service is undergoing reorganization) Support Agencies: Department of Agriculture, Department of Defense, Department of Energy, Department of Justice, Department of Transportation, Department of Veterans Affairs, Agency for International Development (AID), American Red Cross, Environmental Protection Agency, Federal Emergency Management Agency, General Services Administration, National Communications System, U.S. Postal Service.

ESF 9 Urban Search and Rescue

Purpose: This ESF provides for locating, extricating and providing for the immediate medical treatment of victims trapped in collapsed structures. This ESF was changed August 30, 1994, the change reflects the designation of FEMA as the primary agency for ESF-9. As a result of this change DOD is now designated as a support agency for ESF-9. Primary Agency: Federal Emergency Management Agency Support Agencies: Department of Agriculture, Department of Defense, (Civil Air Patrol - Air Force Auxilary), Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Labor, Department of Transportation, Agency for International Development(AID), Environmental Protection Agency, Federal Emergency Management Agency, General Services Administration.

ESF 10 Hazardous Materials (HAZMAT)

Purpose: This ESF provides response to actual or potential discharge and/or release of hazardous materials following a catastrophic earthquake or other catastrophic event. It includes appropriate response to prevent, minimize or mitigate threat to public health, welfare or the environment. The National Response Team supports this annex. Primary Agency: Environmental Protection Agency. Support Agencies: Department of Agriculture, Department of Commerce, Department of Defense, Department of Energy, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of the Interior, Department of Justice, Department of Labor, Department of State, Department of Transportation, Federal Emergency Management Agency, General Services Administration, Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

ESF 11 Food

Purpose: This ESF identifies, secures and arranges for the transportation of food assistance to affected areas following a major disaster or emergency or other event requiring Federal Response.(Additional Information: The Emergency Food and Shelter National Board Program). Primary Agency: Department of Agriculture. Support Agencies: Department of Defense, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Transportation, American Red Cross, Environmental Protection Agency, Federal Emergency Management Agency. , Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Transportation, American Red Cross, Environmental Protection Agency, Federal Emergency Management Agency.

ESF 12 Energy

Purpose: This ESF facilitates the restoration of the U.S. energy systems following a catastrophic earthquake, natural disaster, or other significant event. Power and fuel are critical to saving life and protecting health, safety, and property, and also enables other ESFs to respond more effectively. ESF-12 gathers, assesses and shares information on energy system damage and estimations on the impact of energy system outages within the affected areas. Additionally, this ESF works closely with and aids in meeting requests for assistance from State and local energy officials, energy suppliers and deliverers. Upon activation of ESF-12, the DOE Headquarters will establish the Headquarters Emergency Management Team (EMT). This entire ESF was changed February 3, 1995. Primary Agency: Department of Energy. Support Agencies: Department of Agriculture, Department of Defense, Department of State, Department of Transportation, General Services Administration, National Communications System, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Tennessee Valley Authority.